Agricultural crops in Venezuela

Agricultural crops in Venezuela
Agricultural production in Venezuela is unevenly distributed as is its population. The The main areas of agricultural crops in Venezuela are found in the valleys of the Andes and the coast, in addition to the slopes of the same. In low altitude areas, tropical and subtropical crops predominate, while wheat and potato crops are grown at higher altitudes. But where a large part of the country's agricultural production is concentrated is in the Carabobo and Aragua valleys, since we hardly find flat and extensive regions, as they have a mild climate which allows a large number of products to be grown.

Venezuela is very prone to floods throughout the territory, which increase the thickness of the vegetation layer. The problem with these floods is that little by little other arable land is becoming unusable since they have to go through two stages. In the first one, you have to wait for the water to disappear. In the second stage, many of these lands have been filled with sandy material and stones, giving more work than usual to those lands if the inhabitants are to return to being productive.

In general, Venezuela is not a country where agriculture is especially good. The fertility of the land is often spoiled, which causes migratory movements of the inhabitants, as did the ancestors, to try to avoid the risk of losing production from one year to the next. Before the appearance of oil in Venezuela, the country's economy was based on agriculture to ensure food for its inhabitants. At that time before oil, most of the territory was rural and there was hardly any infrastructure to distribute basic elements for food to the population.

Agricultural production in Venezuela has been concentrated in products used as raw material for the country's industry, especially for the food industry. The main agricultural crops of Venezuela are:

Main agricultural crops in Venezuela

In the last decades of agricultural crops in Venezuela, products such as corn, rice, sorghum, sesame, peanuts, sunflower and cotton have become enormously popular. Although the leading products within the country's agriculture are those of sugar cane, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, corn and rice.


Coffee plant

Introduced by the Spanish in the XNUMXth century, until the beginning of the XNUMXth century, they made Venezuela the World's largest exporter of Coffee. Of African origin, its main growing area is the tropics since it requires continuous humidity along with a moderate amount of sun. The ideal altitude for its cultivation is between 600 and 1800 meters high. The main states where coffee is grown are Táchira, Mérida, Trujillo, Lara, Portuguesa and Monagas.


Cocoa plantations

Historically cocoa always has been one of the pillars of the economy of the country during the colonial period when its quality was recognized throughout the world. Cocoa is a silver imported by Spanish religious from Mexico, although other sources affirm that it is typical of the country. Like coffee, cocoa requires a very specific humidity and the crops are found at altitudes that exceed 450 meters in height. Miranda and Sucre are the main states where cocoa is grown in Venezuela.


Rice plantation

Until the beginning of the XNUMXth century, rice did not have the importance in the Venezuelan economy that it has supposed in recent decades. Coming from North Asia, it is grown mainly in flaming lands flooded. It requires constant humidity and warm temperatures, which is why its cultivation is characteristic of tropical areas. The largest rice plantations can be found in Barinas, Portuguesa, Cojedes, Guárico and Delta del Amacuro.


Tobacco plantation

The Spanish made tobacco known throughout the world in the XNUMXth century. It is a delicate crop that requires a lot of attention. Any carelessness in tobacco production can affect the quality of the leaf, from which the tobacco is extracted, raw material for cigarettes and cigars. Portuguesa, Cojedes, Guárico and Aragua are the main regions where we find large tobacco plantations.

Sugar cane

Sugar cane

Originally from India, sugar cane has been another product brought by the Spanish to Venezuela in colonial times. The tropical climate of Venezuela has favored the adaptation of sugar cane to the Venezuelan lands. The ideal height to grow this product is around 2000 meters. Main states that are dedicated to the cultivation of sugar cane with Lara, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, Aragua and Sucre.


Agricultural crops of Corn plants

Being a relatively cheap crop, we can find corn fields in various states, but the main ones are Lara, Yaracuy, Portuguesa, Barinas, Aragua, Guárico, Bolívar and Monagas.



Of African origin, they are grown mainly in tropical areas of the country. It is a cereal similar to corn used both for human consumption and for animals in the form of feed. But it is also used to make alcoholic beverages. Lara, Portuguesa, Barinas, Cojedes and Guárico are the states where sorghum is grown.



From this silver the oil-rich seeds and that are used both in pastry and bakery. Sesame is not very prolific in Venezuela and we can only find it in Anzoátegui and Monagas.



Like Sorghum, Peanuts are not a very widespread crop in Venezuela so the main region where we can find it is in Portuguesa. Peanuts were the lifeline to the oil recession during the 60s in the dream area of ​​the region. But in the mid-80s, when peanut imports were liberalized, the impact on the production of this product was about to disappear from the country. Fortunately, in recent years, peanut production has become very similar to that of yesteryear.


Sunflowers field

It is the main source to obtain table oil. Before increasing the sunflower oil productionThe alternative was palm and coconut oil. The main production areas are in the states of Portuguesa and Barinas. We can find sunflower plantations at an altitude that ranges from 50 to 500 meters high, with an average temperature of 26 degrees and an average annual rainfall that ranges from 1200 to 2000 mm.


Cotton cultivation in Venezuela

Portuguesa, Barinas, Guárico, Anzoátegui and Monagas are the main states where we can find cotton crops. In the villages that surround the Orinoco, the always made of cotton represents the main economic activity of native ethnic groupsBut the introduction of chemicals is putting the river's ecosystem in check. Cotton requires soils with adequate physical-chemical characteristics for fertility to be ideal, otherwise, cotton production may be significantly affected.

Types of agriculture in Venezuela

Due to the great geographic diversity that we find throughout the country, we can find different agricultural crops in Venezuela that lead to different types of agriculture as the production is destined. Although it is true that we can find more types of agriculture, the main ones that we can find in Venezuela are: Extensive, intensive, subsistence and industrial.

  • Extensive agriculture: How well the name reflects, it is carried out in large areas of land in small towns and where technology stands out for its absence.
  • intensive agriculture: It is practiced in limited areas of land with a large investment of capital and labor and the purpose of the production is to sell it to third parties.
  • subsistence farming: This production is carried out by small villages to feed the needs of the farmer and his family. It is the most used form in the indigenous ethnic groups of Venezuela.
  • Itinerant agriculture: This type of agriculture is characterized by being a cultivation system where agricultural production is displaced in each harvest.

Has it been clear to you which are the main agricultural crops of Venezuela?

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  1.   arelis said

    How nice to know how is agriculture, tourism etc ... in our country (VENEZUELA) and thanks to this research page we can find it

  2.   gabriel said

    Greetings who were the 5 farmers who came to Venezuela in the year 1930 to 1935

  3.   yuneixi said

    agriculture is the best

  4.   Witremundo Barrientos Palacios and Blanco said


  5.   Evelyn Morillo said

    It seems to me that this page shows us how good our country (VENEZUELA) has, thanks to our supreme and eternal commander Hugo Rafael Chavez Frias we will live and win because we are all Chavez

    1.    Luis said

      you are well mariko, truth chavez, I destroy your country with mature

    2.    Mature pussy and your mother said

      Mamaguevo chavista!

  6.   Zuleima said

    i love it

  7.   guskevin carfdone said

    Venezuela is one, mature fuck and guys finished it



  9.   Gianfranco said


  10.   manuel said

    That is wrong because the largest coffee producer in the world is Brazil in the table is located the order in the distribution of coffee from what you see Venezuela is in position 19 if Venezuela is not the largest exporter of coffee

    1 Brazil 33,29%
    2 Vietnam 15,31%
    3 Indonesia 6,32%
    4 Colombia 5,97%
    5 Ethiopia 4,98%
    6 Peru 4,17%
    7 India 4,08%
    8 Honduras 3,45%
    9 Mexico 3,29%
    10 Guatemala 2,87%
    11 Uganda 2,46%
    12 Nicaragua 1,61%
    13 Costa Rica 1,38%
    14 Ivory Coast 1,22%
    15 Papua New Guinea 1,08%
    16 El Salvador 0,90%
    17 Cameroon 0,83%
    18 Ecuador 0,82%
    19 Venezuela 0,77%
    20 Thailand 0,53%

    1.    Michelle said

      Hahaha I laugh for days that they do not read well Venezuela was a great exporter of coffee until the 20th century

    2.    Carlos said

      Manuel, pls read before you speak ... In the part where they talk about coffee, it is clearly said that Venezuela WAS and read well WAS the largest exporter of coffee in the twentieth century. Not currently. I Hope I have been clear.

    3.    aselguaro said

      read well…. does not speak of the present time.

  11.   Crismar Varela said

    I don't like the page

  12.   George said

    I have not even the slightest idea of ​​how it is possible that reading this page on agriculture in Venezuela and finding that beforehand I knew that Venezuela is a rich country in every car enough to supply its inhabitants today are starving and making a queue up to buy a pound of salt, sugar, milk, and all the basic products, just because of the ineptitude of their Venezuelan rulers, wake up, go out to defend their homeland, that same that the liberator set them free and that today is as if there were no men with pants To recover Venezuela from the zatrapia that the corrupt and cowards in power have subjected it to, it is time to wake up before seeing a beautiful multimillion-dollar country collapse. I am Dominican and I admire the venezuela of simon bolivar ..

    1.    Miracles said

      Likewise, what a sadness to read this for my daughter's school work, remembering old times of my Venezuela where I was born, and this is collapsing, I don't even know what to write to my daughter ...

    2.    David said

      I totally agree with you because I'm living all this trouble

  13.   Jose Nicolas Lopez said

    Wonderful this page, it has the documentary that one needs to investigate. I hope they continue to meet the needs of readers.

  14.   Yorman Alexander Silva Silva said

    Although we are overwhelmed by the water shortages in Venezuela, we are putting a world in it to develop small school gardens, the fight continues

  15.   lissnellys rodriguez said

    in love

  16.   Andrew said

    it's good that we have agriculture

  17.   Andrew said

    mature give a home to my mom

  18.   Marinela Fuenmayor said

    give us a house

    1.    Gloria said

      This is how they buy from the poor. With gifts. What a pity

  19.   Marinela Fuenmayor said

    mature does not give us anything, the only thing that gives is lidia

  20.   sophiq said

    In Sucre state, a lot of corn is also grown.

  21.   justin said

    I like to plant

  22.   Alfredo E. Avendano. said

    It is true of our friend Jorge, we have to become independent to make Venezuela a great agricultural producing country, as is achieved by changing the mentality, making progress and making each State an imminent producer to get out of this delay that led us to bad policies and now we need to work Venezuelans hard to show the world that we do not want to continue with this unfortunate situation that our country is experiencing. God wants him to hear us and we will be the best country in Latin America and the Caribbean.

  23.   Francisco said

    I liked

  24.   hugo roberto castaneda said

    I would like to know about the main agricultural export products and their destination. What about the state of tachira?

  25.   Ing Agr Luis M Martinez said

    As a constructive criticism, I think they should be documented and updated a little more, in order to get closer to the reality of agriculture in the country, I think they were based on pure bibliographic research and did not visit the different productive areas in Venezuela, in general the article is lacking and outdated

  26.   Dayana said

    I am a teacher, and I am looking for real data, these are not. If they were true, there would not be so much scarcity. I have to work on agricultural production in Venezuela and I don't want the students to expose lies.

  27.   Delimar Larador said

    please mature and chavez are plagues they ended with venezuela they turned a paradise into a desert.

  28.   Delimar Larador said

    mature is the worst plague

    1.    Juan said

      Good morning Friend in the scriptures this one, do not judge so that you are not judged I believe that it is not the way to justify the neighbor, the fault of everything that happens belongs to all Venezuelans, due to the lack of conscience and principles, respect for others is something that does not cost just doing it, that is the reason for our problem, let's not blame, let's look for solutions, and let's respect. Christ loves you

  29.   raymarys said

    sugar cane

  30.   KARWIL said


  31.   Miriam Medina said

    Good afternoon, all those people who add an ugly comment about our country, Venezuela, it is an imnorant role.

  32.   Denis Iván Arevalo Suazo said

    I discovered that certain edible species, it is not necessary to eat them, if not their stems, their cooked leaves, etc., but never the seeds, in that way you always have seeds of shape, perhaps exponential, thank you.

  33.   Peterson said

    I discovered x many comments x that I start to analyze that the person if he does not sacrifice himself we will not triumph thanks for the favor of the almighty God almighty qx his grace and the favor of giving us the life and health of many Venezuelans who are now in many countries ; Let's have patience, let's learn how to leave ourselves with hope, let's not wait for someone, let's look for someone to trust the only Savior who fed a thousand people until eternal life, x die on that cross, x our sins, strength, kneel, ask God for forgiveness. 2

  34.   isabel vestalia said

    Good opportunity to give a few words to my Venezuelan brothers. Brothers we are all victims of bad policies, no! for 20 years but for the entire "democratic" life of our country. You have to read the economic history of the country so as not to go so far from the colonial era until now, we have always had the boots of colonialism on our necks so that we do not raise even dust, we do not have a work culture in general, we speak so badly of Venezuela We make fun of everything, we criticize everything, we judge everyone as if we were perfect and many of us don't even know how to sow garlic, which is the easiest thing in the world, a pure complaint, pure nonconformity, because the government does not fully cover our needs because its protection is not enough for us, but it does we know how to abandon our children, our elderly cut trees throw their filthy garbage to the celle to pollute the environment and stop counting I love them

  35.   DORIS MENDOZA said