There are more than 100 pyramids in Egypt, but the most famous are the Pyramids of Giza. They are three pyramids that are located in the northern part of the country, in the city of Giza, where the Great Pyramid is also called the Pyramid of Cheops, which is the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world that still remain standing.
It should be added that Giza is located on the west bank of the Nile River, near the city of Cairo. And when we think of the pyramids of Egypt, the most common structures that come to mind are these 3 great icons of Ancient Egypt, but they are certainly not the only pyramids in the region.
The first pyramids of Egypt were nothing like the pyramids of Giza. Instead, the sides had been intensified, like kind of stepped pyramids that were common for a time, and then the sides were filled in to make the smoother surface that we now associate with Egyptian pyramids.
The oldest known pyramid is a stepped pyramid at Saqqara. This is the step pyramid of Djoser believed to be built during the third dynasty.
The Great Pyramid is believed to have taken over 80 years to build. For a long time, people believed that these structures were built with slave labor, however today it is commonly believed that the builders of the pyramids were made by farmers during the rainy season when they could not work on their farms.
Another detail is that the tombs of the pharaoh were originally called mastabas, which was a tomb built in the rock with a rectangular structure on top of it. The story relates that Pharaoh Djoser did not have a mastaba built for him, but instead there was a great pyramid built.
The Pyramid of Djoser was a stepped pyramid and located in Saqqara that was made of limestone blocks and stands 204 meters high and was the largest known structure of the time, which was man. This pyramid is estimated to be over 4.600 years old.