Al'adun Amsterdam

Kekuna na Amsterdam

Amsterdam asali mutanen Katolika ne ba tare da sun kasance masu adawa da Furotesta ba. A karshen karni na XNUMX da Cocin Orthodox na Darikar Calvin. Agnosticism da rashin yarda Allah, suna mulki a Amsterdam.

Juriya da addini al'ada ce a cikin Amsterdam. Tun Yaƙin Duniya na II, raƙuman ruwa na shige da fice a jere sun gabatar da addinai daban-daban zuwa garin. Baƙi daga tsoffin yankuna (Indonesia, Suriname da Caribbean) da kuma maaikata daga Turkey y Morocco gudummawar imaninsu. Musulunci yanzu shine addini na biyu a Amsterdam.

Daga yanki flamenco Daga karni na 1390, Jan Van Eyck (1441-1450) Hieronymus Bosch (1516-1525), Peter Bruegel Dattijo (1569-1606) ya fice. Zanen zinariya na zanen Dutch, duk da haka, yana cikin karni na 1669 tare da Rembrandt (1632-1675), Vermeer (XNUMX-XNUMX) da Frans rabi (1585-1666). Ba kamar waɗanda suka gabace su ba, babu ɗayan ukun da suka yi hajjin dole zuwa Italiya don nazarin malamai. A cikin karni na XNUMX, duk da haka, masu zanen suna kwafin salon Faransa kawai.

Babban mai zanan karni na XNUMX shine Hoton Vincent van Gogh (1853-1890), wanda ya zana a lokacin zamansa a Arles, zane-zane masu launuka masu haske. A farkon karni na XNUMX, Duba ciki Mondrian (1872-1944) ya haɓaka nasa salon ta hanyar rage siga da launi zuwa mafi sauƙin magana. Bayan yakin duniya na biyu, Karel Kira (1921-2006) ya shiga cikin wani motsi wanda ya yi tawaye ga tarurrukan fasaha: bayyananniyar magana.

A baya, shugabannin coci sun kasance masu son zuciya kuma suna ganin kiɗa kamar yawan frivolity. Ya wajaba a jira karni na sha bakwai don sashin jiki za'a kyale shi a coci. Saboda haka, Amsterdam Ya ba da gudummawa kaɗan kaɗan ga al'adun gargajiyar duniya, yana mai da faharin yanayin kide kide da wake-wake a halin yanzu.

Garin yana da wadata al'ada wasan kwaikwayo Dating zuwa lokaci tsohuwar, kuma wannan har yanzu yana da ƙarfi sosai.


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