5 shahararrun gine-gine a Amurka

Hoto | Pixabay

Daga gabas zuwa yamma, Amurka babbar ƙasa ce wacce take da wasu manyan biranen duniya. Ofaya daga cikinsu ita ce Washington, cibiyar cibiyar ikon siyasa da tattalin arzikin ƙasar. A cikin babban birni za mu iya ziyarci shahararrun gine-gine da yawa masu dacewa a cikin tarihin ƙasar waɗanda suka fito a fina-finai da yawa. Shin kana son sanin menene? Ci gaba da karatu!

Fadar White House

Gidan shugaban kasar Amurka da kuma filin aikin sa, fadar White House, na daya daga cikin shahararrun gine-gine a kasar kuma alama ce.

An gina shi bayan Dokar Majalisa a cikin 1790 a cikin salon neoclassical a shirin George Washington, wanda ya kafa buƙatar kafa gidan shugaban ƙasa kusa da Kogin Potomac. Ayyukan da aka ba da izini ga mai tsara gine-ginen James Hoban wanda aka yi wahayi zuwa ga daga gidan Rastignac a Faransa don ƙirarta kuma ya ɗauki ƙasa da shekaru goma don kammala shi. Koyaya, Shugaba Washington bai taɓa zama a sabon ginin ba amma magajinsa John Adams ne ya buɗe shi.

Asalin ginin bai dade ba kamar yadda sojojin Ingilishi suka rusa shi a 1814 don ramuwar gayya don kona Majalisar a Kanada, don haka dole ne Amurkawa su sake gina abin da ake kira "Gidan Shugaban Kasa" a wancan lokacin. Tun daga wannan lokacin, an ƙara haɓakawa da haɓakawa daban-daban ga tsarin. Shahararren Ofishin Oval da West Wing an gina su a cikin 1902 a lokacin shugabancin Roosvelt. yayin da aka kara reshen gabas yayin mulkin Truman. Ta haka aka kammala ginin da muka sani a yau.

Yana zaune a 1.600 Pennsylvania Avenue a Washington, an san Fadar White House da facade ta baya, wanda ke da falon a tsakiya. A waje, girmansa ya zama karami kuma wasu kaɗan ne suka san ainihin girmansa: fiye da dakuna 130, dakunan wanka 35, kusan murhu 30, matakala 60 da ɗakuna 7 sun bazu a hawa 6 da murabba'in mita 5.100.

Za a iya ziyarta?

Kusa da Fadar White House ita ce Cibiyar Baƙi ta Fadar White House, wacce ke buɗe wa jama'a. Ziyartar Fadar White House ta hanyar yawon shakatawa na ciki zai yiwu ne kawai ga 'yan ƙasar Amurka. Suna da 'yanci amma dole ne ku yi ajiyar watanni kafin hakan ta hanyar rubuta wasiƙa zuwa ga wakilin Majalisar. Ga baƙi a wannan lokacin ba zai yiwu ba saboda haka dole ne ku daidaita don ganin Fadar White House daga waje.

Washington Cathedral

Hoto | Pixabay

Daya daga cikin kyawawan katolika a gabashin Amurka shine Washington National Cathedral. Ita ce ta biyu mafi girma a kasar bayan Basilica na National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception a Gundumar Columbia (kusa da Washington) kuma babban coci na shida a duniya.

Neo-Gothic a cikin salo, Washington National Cathedral yana da matukar mahimmanci da manyan basilicas na Turai kuma an sadaukar dashi ga Manzanni Saint Peter da Saint Paul. An gina shi a karni na XNUMX kuma yana cikin Cocin Episcopal a Amurka.

Idan yayin hutu zuwa Washington kuna son ziyartar wannan haikalin, Za ku same shi a mahadar tsakanin Wisconsin da Massachusetts Avenues, arewa maso gabashin babban birnin. An rubuta shi a matsayin abin tunawa a cikin National Register of Places Historic Places kuma a matsayin abin sha'awa, idan ka kalli hasumiyar arewa akwai gargoyle wanda yake da hular Darth Vader daga Star Wars. M, dama?

Wannan mashahurin mashahurin al'adun ya kasance daga cikin babban cocin saboda mujallar National Geographic World ta gudanar da gasar ƙirar yara inda ɗan takara Christopher Rader ya zo na uku da wannan zane. Bayan kammala gasar, an sassaka adadi tare da sauran zane-zanen da suka ci nasara (yarinya mai kwalliya, dodo da wani mutum da laima) don yin ado a saman hasumiyar arewa maso yamma na Washington Cathedral.

Tunawa da Jefferson

Hoto | Pixabay

Thomas Jefferson mutum ne wanda yake da mahimmancin gaske a tarihin Amurka. Shi ne babban marubucin sanarwar 'Yancin kanta, sakataren farko na kasar a gwamnatin George Washington, daya daga cikin iyayen kasar da suka kafa kasar sannan kuma shugabanta na uku bayan ya gaji John Adams. Daga qarshe, a cikin Amurka akwai abubuwa da yawa da za a tuna da Thomas Jefferson kuma abin tunawa da shi an sadaukar da shi ne don tunawa da shi.

Tunawa da shi yana cikin sararin samaniyar West Potomac Park, a bankin Kogin Potomac. Shugaba Franklin D. Roosvelt ne ya ba da umarnin gina shi a cikin 1934 saboda yana da matuƙar sha'awar ɗan siyasa. Don ƙirarta an tsara ginin ne ta hanyar Monticello, gidan Thomas Jefferson, wanda shi kuma Pantheon a Rome ya yi wahayi.

Idan a wajen taron Tunawa da Jefferson yana da kyau, a ciki abin mamaki ne saboda an kawata shi da rubuce rubuce shahararrun kalamai daga wannan shugaban har ma da wasu gutsuttu na Bayyanar da Samun 'Yancin kan Amurka.

Capasar Amurka

Hoto | Pixabay

Yana da ɗayan kyawawan gine-gine a Washington waɗanda ke cikin Unguwar Capitol Hill kuma alama ce da ke nuna dimokiradiyyar Amurka. Legisarfin yin doka a gwamnatin Amurka yana tattare a wurin: Majalisar Wakilai da Majalisar Dattawa.

Capitol na Amurka ne William Thornton ya tsara kuma an kammala matakin farko a farkon XNUMXs. Daga baya, wasu gine-ginen sun yi gyare-gyare wanda ya ba da hadadden da ke tattare da salon neoclassical.

An kammala matakin farko a 1800 kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan wuraren jan hankalin masu yawon bude ido a cikin birni. Masu zanen gine-gine Thomas U. Walter da August Schoenborn sun zana dome na yanzu a tsakiyar ginin da mutum-mutumi ya zana, ana iya ganin siffarta daga nesa yayin da hanyoyin Maryland da Pennsylvania suka ƙare a can.

Wadanda suka zabi shafin don ginin Capitol na Amurka sun buge ƙusa a kai saboda kasancewa a kan tudu da alama ya fi girma, wanda shine cikakken misali na alamar iko..

Tunawa da Lincoln

Hoto | Pixabay

Wani ɗayan shahararrun gine-gine a cikin Amurka shine Lincoln Memorial, wani kyakkyawan abin tarihi da aka keɓe don siffar Abraham Lincoln, shugaban ƙasar na goma sha shida.wanda ke cikin wani wurin shakatawa a tsakiyar babban birnin da aka fi sani da National Mall. Anan akwai wasu muhimman abubuwan tarihi kamar Obelisk na Washington, mutum-mutumin Janar Grant da Lincoln, mutum-mutumi uku da suka dace sosai a tarihin Amurka.

An ƙaddamar da shi a cikin 1922, Lincoln Memorial gini ne mai siffar haikalin Girka wanda Nationalungiyar Majalisar Nationalasa ke son kafa don girmama shahararren ɗan siyasar. Babban matakala yana kaiwa zuwa wani daki inda zamu ga wani mutum-mutumi na Abraham Lincoln (na Daniel Chester Faransanci), bango daban-daban na ciki da rubuce rubuce guda biyu tare da wasu maganganun shugaban.

A shekarar 1963 taron tunawa da Lincoln ya kasance sanannen jawabin "Ina da Mafarki" wanda fasto kuma mai rajin kare hakkin jama'a Martin Luther King ya gabatar. A babbar kasuwar kasa kuma zaka iya ganin mutum-mutumin da aka keɓe don hotonsa 'yan mitoci kaɗan daga abin tunawa.

Za a iya ziyarta?

Shiga zuwa Lincoln Memorial kyauta ne kuma ana buɗe shi daga 8 na safe zuwa 12 na safe.


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