Babban tabkuna a Amurka

Hoto | Pixabay

A kan iyaka tsakanin Kanada da Amurka akwai manyan tafkuna guda biyar waɗanda suka mamaye manyan yankuna kuma inda mafi yawan ruwan daɗi yake a duniya yake mai da hankali.: Michigan, Superior, Ontario, Huron da Erie. Kodayake suna yin kamar rufaffiyar tekuna, amma ruwansu sabo ne kuma suna dauke da kasa da kashi daya cikin biyar na dukiyar duniya.

Wadannan manyan koguna guda biyar suna ba da mil mil na rairayin bakin teku, dutsen, dunes, ɗumbin fitila, tsibiran da ke bakin teku da biranen shakatawa. Ba abin mamaki bane cewa an kira shi "gabar teku ta uku" saboda waɗannan tabkuna mazaunin wasu nau'ikan nau'ikan dabbobin ne. Kari kan haka, jiragen ruwa iri daban-daban suna tashi ta wadannan manyan fadada na ruwa mai dadi kuma abu ne na masunta da masoya kayak su hadu da jiragen ruwa, masu daukar kaya, jiragen ruwa, da dai sauransu.

Ziyartar manyan tafkuna biyar a Amurka babban ra'ayi ne na hutu mai ban sha'awa. Idan wannan lamarinku ne kuma kuna so ku ziyarce su, to zan sami ƙarin haske game da waɗannan abubuwan al'ajabi na yanayi.

Tafkin Michigan

Hoto | Pixabay

Tafkin Michigan yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan tafkuna guda biyar a cikin Amurka amma shine kawai wanda yake gaba ɗaya a cikin ƙasar tunda ana raba wasu da Kanada. An kewaye shi da jihohin Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana da Michigan, wanda aka sanya wa suna bayan tafkin kansa.

Wannan tabki yana da fadin murabba'in kilomita 57.750 da zurfin mita 281. Ana ɗaukarsa mafi girman tabki a cikin ƙasa kuma na biyar a duniya. Girmanta shine kilomita dubu 4.918 na ruwa kuma Tafkin Michigan yayi magana da yawa wuraren shakatawa da rairayin bakin teku.

Kimanin mutane miliyan 12 ke zaune a gaɓar ta, yawancin su a ƙananan wuraren yawon buɗe ido waɗanda ke rayuwa ta hanyoyin da Lake Michigan ke bayarwa. Biyan ranar ziyarar tafkin shine kyakkyawan ra'ayin jin daɗin yanayi a waje, hutawa da cire haɗin abubuwan yau da kullun. Abin farin ciki shine shirin shiga jirgi don ƙetara tafkin. Bayan haka, babu wani abin da ya fi ƙoƙarin cin abinci na gida mai wadataccen kifi da kifi.

A gefen Tafkin Michigan, a cikin jihar Illinois, yana ɗaya daga cikin manyan biranen Amurka: Chicago. Wanda aka fi sani da Windy City, shine birni na uku mafi yawan mutane a cikin Amurka, bayan New York da Los Angeles.

Birni ne na zamani kuma mai cike da sararin samaniya wanda ke da gida sama da sama da 1.100. A halin yanzu mafi girman gini shine Hasumiyar Willis (wanda a da ake kira Sears Tower), amma a cikin 1920s shine Wrigley Building, wanda aka tsara hasumiyarsa bayan Giralda a Seville.

Lake mafifici

Wannan tabkin yana iyaka da Minnesota, Wisconsin, da Michigan a gefen Amurka da Ontario a gefen Kanada. Kabilar Ojibwe sun kira ta Gichigami wacce ke nufin "babban ruwa" kuma ita ce tabki mafi girma a duniya. Don baka damar fahimtar girmansa, Lake Superior zai iya ƙunsar ƙarar sauran manyan Lakes da ƙari uku kamar Lake Erie. Ita ce mafi girma, mafi girma, kuma mafi tsananin sanyi na Manyan Tabkuna a cikin Amurka.

Kamar yadda ake son sani, guguwar da ke cikin Lake Superior ta samar da raƙuman rikodin sama da mita 6, amma raƙuman sama da mita 9 an yi rikodin. Abin mamaki!

A gefe guda, a cikin wannan tafkin akwai tsibirai da yawa wanda mafi girma shine Tsibirin Royale a cikin jihar Michigan. Wannan kuma yana ƙunshe da wasu tabkuna da ke ɗauke da tsibiran. A kowane hali, wasu shahararrun manyan tsibirin Lake Superior sun haɗa da Tsibirin Michipicoten a lardin Ontario da Madeline Island a cikin jihar Wisconsin.

Lake Ontario

Hoto | Pixabay

Sabanin haka, ƙaramin tabki a cikin Manyan Tabkuna a cikin Amurka shi ne Lake Ontario. Tana can nesa da gabas fiye da sauran tabkuna kuma na Kanada da Amurka ne: bangaren arewa zuwa lardin Ontario da kuma kudanci zuwa jihar New York.

Kamar yadda yake tare da Lake Superior, shima yana da tsibirai da yawa, mafi girma shine tsibirin Wolfer, wanda yake kusa da Kingston a ƙofar Kogin St. Lawrence.

Idan muka yi magana game da cibiyoyin yawan jama'a da aka bayyana a kewayen Lake Ontario, zamu ga cewa a gefen yamma na gefen Kanada akwai babban haɗuwa da ake kira Golden Horseshoe wanda ke da gidan kusan mutane miliyan 9 kuma ya haɗa da biranen Hamilton da Toronto. A ɓangaren Amurka, bakin teku galibin yankunan karkara ne ban da Rochester a cikin gundumar Monroe (New York).

A cikin ƙasa, kimanin kilomita 30 daga nesa, zamu iya samun garin Syracuse kuma an haɗa shi da tabkin ta wata hanyar ruwa. Kimanin mazauna miliyan 2 ke rayuwa a gefen Amurka.

Tafkin Huron

Hoto | Pixabay

Lake Huron wani babban Manyan Manyan Amurka ne, musamman a cikin girma shine na biyu mafi girma daga cikin biyar kuma na huɗu mafi girma a duniya. Mafi girma fiye da duk Croatia! Tana tsakanin Amurka da Kanada, a tsakiyar yankin Arewacin Amurka kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin waɗanda aka fi ziyarta don kyawawan shimfidar wurare, musamman ma yawon buɗe ido.

Tabkin Huron shine wurin da yawancin Amurkawa suka zaɓa don ciyar da hutunsu. A lokacin watannin bazara, ana shirya balaguro a kewayen don sanin yanayin gida da kuma wasu wuraren tarihi a kusa da Lake Huron, kamar Hasumiya mai haske. Waɗannan yawon buɗe ido suna ba baƙi damar ƙara koyo game da tarihin wannan sararin kuma su san abubuwan da ke tattare da shi dalla-dalla.

Kari akan haka, akwai kuma ayyukan ruwa kamar kayatar kaya ko ruwa. Ko da yin yawo a cikin ɗayan dubban tsibirai da wannan tafkin ke da su. Lokacin da ba za a iya samun damar su ba, mutane suna wadatar su kewaye da su kamar shahararren Turnip, mafi yawan hotunan su duka tare da farin gandun daji ta pine a saman.

Don son sani, Lake Huron ya cika da tsibirai, yawancinsu suna arewaci, a cikin iyakar Kanada, kasancewa tsibirin Manitoulin, mafi girma a duniya a cikin tafkin ruwa.

Tafkin erie

Hoto | Pixabay

Tafkin Erie shine mafi ƙarancin manyan Manyan Tabkuna guda biyar a cikin Amurka kuma mafi ƙarancin zurfin ruwa. Tana kan iyaka da Ontario a Kanada kuma tana aiki a matsayin kan iyaka da jihohin Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan da New York a gefen Amurka.

Saboda girmansa (tana da kusan kilomita murabba'i 25.700), ana ɗaukarsa a matsayin tafki na goma sha uku a duniya. Cikakken kewayawa, yana da hawa sama da matakin teku na mita 173 da kuma zurfin zurfin mita 19; a wannan ma'anar, ita ce mafi ƙarancin zurfin Manyan Tabkuna gabaɗaya.

Wannan shine ƙarshen Manyan Tabkuna da aka gano kuma masu binciken Faransawa waɗanda suka yi hakan sun sa masa suna Lake Erie bayan aan asalin ƙabilar da suke da wannan sunan da ke zaune a yankin.

Kamar yadda yake tare da sauran tabkuna, akwai tsibirai da yawa a Tafkin Erie kuma. Gabaɗaya akwai ashirin da huɗu, tara daga cikinsu suna Kanada. Wasu daga cikin manyan tsibirai sune Tsibirin Kelleys, Tsibirin Kudancin Bass, ko Tsibirin Johnson.

A matsayin son sani, Lake Erie yana da microclimate na kansa, wanda ya sa wannan yanki ya zama mai dausayi don growinga fruitsan fruitsa fruitsan itace, kayan lambu da inabi don yin giya. Tafkin Erie kuma sanannen mashahurin ruwan Lake Effect ne wanda yake jefawa a gabashin gabashin garin, daga Shaker Heights zuwa Buffalo. Wannan yana faruwa a ƙarshen hunturu da farkon bazara.


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