Abubuwan kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya

Babu abubuwan kirkirar kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya da yawa kamar waɗanda aka gano a wasu ƙasashen duniya. Dalilin yana da sauki: Australia ƙasa ce ɗan samari kuma, a sauƙaƙe, ba a sami lokaci ba don jaddadawa sosai a waɗannan fannoni.

Koyaya, ƙasar tekun tuni ta ba mu rabonta daidai na abubuwan da aka samo. Kuma, sama da duka, na Babban mahimmancin kimiyya kuma ya shahara sosai ta fuskar fasaha. Idan kana son karin bayani game da abubuwan kirkirar kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya, muna gayyatarka ka ci gaba da karatu.

Babban abubuwan kirkirar kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya

Kamar yadda muka fada muku, tuni akwai adadi mai yawa da Australiya suka samo. A saboda wannan dalili, kuma don bayyana bayyananniyarmu, za mu fara magana da farko game da wasu mahimmancin kimiyya sannan kuma wasu da ke da mahimmanci ga fasaha.

Neman Kimiyya na Australiya

Game da waɗannan, abubuwan kirkirar Australiya sun amfana da Lafiyar ɗan adam (kamar yadda za mu gani nan da nan, har ma suna da alaƙa da penicillin) kuma a yanayi. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan binciken shine abin da zamu bayyana muku.

Yin amfani da maganin penicillin

Kowa ya sani cewa maganin penicillin ya samo asali ne daga Turawan Ingila Alexander Fleming a cikin 1928. Koyaya, ba sanannen sanannen shine su Australia ne Howard W. Florey da Jamusawa Ernst B. Sarkar wanda ya tsara hanyar don kerar ta gaba daya, wani abu da a karshe zai ceci rayukan miliyoyin mutane. A zahiri, lokacin da Fleming ya karɓi Nobel Prize a cikin 1945, ya yi shi tare da waɗannan abokan aikin biyu.

Alamar rubutu zuwa Ernst B. Sarkar

Alamar girmamawa ga Ernst B. Sarkar

Mai bugun zuciya

Wannan kayan aikin likitanci yana bawa marasa lafiya damar kiyaye nasu a bugun yau da kullun. Yana aika ƙananan rikicewar lantarki zuwa gaɓoɓi don taimaka mata yin hakan. Masanin kimiyyar lissafi ne ya kirkireshi Rumfar Edgar da likita Marc Lidwill, dukansu Ostiraliya, tun farkon 1920. Duk da haka, amfani da shi bai zama gama gari ba har zuwa XNUMXs.

Alurar rigakafin ɗan adam

Kodayake sauran masana suma sun shiga tsakani, wannan rigakafin shima yana daga cikin abubuwan kirkirar kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya bisa cancanta. Sun kasance malamai biyu daga Jami'ar Queensland, Ian Fraser y Jian Zhou, wanda ya sami nasarar kirkirar kwayar kwatankwacin wannan kwayar cuta wacce ta karfafa garkuwar jiki da ita.

Gwanin cochlear

Wannan na’urar ta taimaka wa ɗaruruwan daruruwan kurame don inganta jinsu. An dasa shi a kai kuma yana kulawa don ta da jijiyar ji. Ya kasance Alamar Graeme, malami ne a Jami'ar Melbourne, wanda ya kirkiro shi. Mahaifinsa ya sha wahala daga rashin ji, kuma yayin ƙoƙarin taimaka masa, ya gano wannan kayan aiki mai matukar amfani.

A duban dan tayi

Wannan kayan aikin likitancin da ake amfani dasu yau ultrasounds Ratorywararren Laboratory na Acoustics na Australiya ne ya kirkireshi, wanda daga baya aka sake masa suna daidai Cibiyar duban dan tayi. Masu kirkirarta sun sami wata hanya don kama echoes na ultrasonic wanda ke tashi daga kyallen takarda na jikin mu kuma canza su zuwa hotuna. Kasuwancinsa ya fara a 1976.

Adana muhalli ta hanyar murjani

Kamar yadda kuka sani, da Babban Bako Reef yana cikin arewa maso gabashin Australia. Akwai sama da kilomita dubu biyu na katuwar tsarin karkashin ruwa wanda a halin yanzu ke cikin hadari. Wataƙila wannan shine dalilin da ya sa Ostiraliya ta kasance koyaushe a gaba Oceanography.

El Cibiyar Nazarin Kimiyyar Ruwa ta Australiya haɓaka ayyuka daban-daban don kiyaye muhalli. Daga cikin mashahurai shine wanda aka sadaukar domin sarrafa murjani. Manufarta ita ce mayar da rudun zuwa matsayinsu na yau da kullun. Hakanan, waɗannan rayayyun kwayoyin halitta ne waɗanda ke ba da gudummawa ga daidaita muhalli na tekuna da kiyaye su daga tasirin da canjin yanayi ke haifarwa a kansu.

Babban katangar murjani

Babban Bako Reef

Abubuwan fasaha na Australiya

Shahararren fasahar fasaha ta Australiya babu shakka ita ce WiFi, wanda zamu tattauna a gaba. Amma akwai wasu waɗanda suma sun yi aiki don inganta lafiyar iska ko don wasu dalilai daban. Bari mu gansu.

WiFi

Haɗin mara waya da Intanet ya zo don sauƙaƙe amfani da wannan a cikin gidaje da ofisoshi. Irin wannan kayan aiki mai amfani saboda masanin Australia ne John O'Sullivan da tawagarsa ta Sidney masu haɗin gwiwa. Dukansu na CSIRO ne, jikin na Commonwealth sadaukar da kai don inganta binciken kimiyya da fasaha.

Bakar akwatin jiragen sama

Kamar yadda kuka sani, ana amfani da wannan kayan aikin da aka sanya su a cikin jiragen sama a duniya a yau don gano abin da ke faruwa a cikin jirgin a lokacin ɗan lokaci kafin haɗari. Dukkanin tattaunawar matukin jirgin da sigogin jirgin an rubuta su a ciki, wanda shima ba za'a iya lalata shi ba. Wanda ya kirkireshi shine Australiya David warren, wanda yayi rashin mahaifinsa daidai a hatsarin jirgin sama.

Ba ita ce kawai gudummawar da ke cikin teku zuwa tsaron jirgin sama ba. A 1965, Jack Grant, ma'aikacin kamfanin jirgin sama na Quantas, ne ya kirkiro zame don gaggawa. Ana amfani dashi don saukar da fasinjoji bayan mummunan sauka.

Google Maps

Kodayake ba a kira shi ba a wancan lokacin, Australiya ce ta ƙirƙira wannan kayan aiki mai amfani sosai Stephen Ma y Neil Gordon tare da Danes Lars da Jens Rasmussen a farkon XNUMXs. Daga baya ne, lokacin da Google suka siya abubuwan kirkirar, suka sami sunan ta na yanzu.

Black akwatin jirgin sama

Black akwatin jirgin sama

Wurin lantarki

Idan kuna son DIYers, zaku san yadda wannan kayan aikin yake saukaka aikinku. Hakanan, shima ƙirar Australiya ce. A wannan yanayin, saboda injiniyan lantarki ne Arthur James, wanda ya sanya na farko tun a shekara ta 1889. Tabbas, to, ba abin ɗauka ba ne, amma ya fi girma. Koyaya, yana iya huda ko da duwatsu.

A firiji

Firijin gargajiya wanda a yau yake da mahimmanci a cikin gidajenmu ya kusan shekara ɗari da hamsin. Lokacin da babu shi, ana ajiye abinci a wurare mafi kyau a cikin gidaje. Abin sha'awa, manajan wani kamfanin giya na Australiya ne suka yi haya James Harrison don magance matsalolin kiyaye abin shansa a cikin 1856.

A ƙarshe, mun nuna muku wasu daga cikin Abubuwan kimiyya da fasaha na Australiya. Kamar yadda kuke gani, gudummawar ƙasar tekun ga ci gaban bil'adama ya kasance mai ban sha'awa kuma, sama da duka, mahimmanci.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

2 comments, bar naka

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga. Bukata filayen suna alama da *

*

*

  1.   ana mercedes villalba G. m

    Abu ne mai kyau abin da suke fadi ko bayani

  2.   n m

    kyau bayyana