Aikin Noma a Ostiraliya

Aya daga cikin mahimman ƙasashe a cikin Oceania ita ce Ostiraliya, ƙasa mai nisa wacce a yau ta bayyana kamar kusan makoma mara vidarfi, inda rayuwa take kamar yadda take a da. Ko kusan. Amma menene muka sani game da Australia? Zamu iya farawa da tunanin wannan da irin wannan shimfidar filin aikin noma a Ostiraliya yana da mahimmanci.

Kuma haka lamarin yake, aikin gona da mutum suna da alaƙa sosai tun farkon zamani, kuma game da Ostiraliya, tun lokacin da Ingila ta mallake ta. Amma waɗanne irin albarkatun gona suke, ina gonakin, ina aka fitar da su? Duk wannan a yau, a cikin Labarin Tafiyarmu ta Absolut.

Australia

Kamar yadda muka fada a sama, aikin noma muhimmin aiki ne a ci gaban kasashe kamar Ostiraliya, inda fadada filin yake da girma. Anan, bisa al'ada, ya mamaye alkama da shanu Kuma haka yake har yanzu a yau, cikin ƙarni na XNUMX.

Gaskiya ne yawancin yankin Ostiraliya basu da kyau, amma ba duka ba, kuma Australiyawa sunyi gwagwarmaya don girkawa tsarin ban ruwa mahimmanci da ke yaƙi da rashin bushewar ƙasa kowace rana. Hasasar tana da sama da murabba'in kilomita miliyan bakwai, tsakanin tsaunuka, hamada, rairayin bakin teku masu zafi da kuma gidajen gishiri.

Aikin Noma a Ostiraliya

Menene girma a Ostiraliya? Ainihin alkama da sha'ir, rake, lupines (ita ce babbar furodusa a duk duniya), kaji (shine na biyu a duniya), canola, inabi kuma zuwa ga karami ma suna nomawa shinkafa, masara, citta da sauran ‘ya’yan itace.

Amma bari mu gani, manyan kayan aikin gona na Australiya sune alkama, sha'ir da rake. Suna bin sa a cikin al'amuran noma shanu, da shanu, da shanu, da dangoginsa kamar su kayan kiwo ko ulu, naman rago, 'ya'yan itatuwa da kayan marmari. Alkama na kan gaba kuma yana girma a duk jihohi, kodayake akwai "belts na alkama" a kudu maso gabas da kudu maso yamma na ƙasar. Amma sabanin masu fafatawa da ita a kudu, kasar ba ta da damuna ko maɓuɓɓugan ruwa na yau da kullun, don haka noman da take yi ya ta'allaka ne da farin alkama (na burodi da taliya) kuma ba ya samar da jan hatsi.

An dasa shi a cikin hunturu, Mayu, Yuni da Yuli, kuma girbin yana farawa a Queensland a watan Satumba ko Oktoba kuma ya ƙare a Victoria da kudancin Yammacin Australia a watan Janairu. Production yana da ƙwarewar inji kuma noman hatsi na tafiya kafada da kafada da kiwon shanu da noman sha'ir da sauran hatsi. Duk waɗannan abubuwa suna aiki a cikin tsarin aikin gona iri ɗaya.

Ana fitar da hatsi, irin mai da kuma ɗanyen hatsi a kan babban sifa, duka don cin ɗan adam da kuma ciyar da dabbobin yau da kullun. An yi noman rake a yankuna masu zafi kuma yana da mahimmanci a cikin tattalin arzikin kasa, amma kamar yadda ba a bada tallafi (kamar yadda lamarin yake a Turai ko Amurka), yana da wahalar fafatawa da, alal misali, masana'antar sikari ta Brazil, wacce ta doke ta da yawa a gasar.

Noman gwangwani yana da matukar mahimmanci a gabar tsibirin Queensland da arewacin New South Wales ko kuma a yankin ban ruwa na Yammacin Ostiraliya. Babu kusan aikin hannu, komai na aikin injiniya ne sosai, daga shuka zuwa girbi da nika.

Naman tsohuwa ce ta Ostiraliya kodayake shanu Bai shahara kamar ɗan Ajantina ba ko wanda aka sayar kamar ɗan Brazil, misali. Amma dole ne a ce haka ita ce ta biyu mai fitar da nama bayan Brazil. A duk jihohin Ostiraliya ana kiwon shanu kuma ya dogara da kasuwar waje saboda kusan 60% na samarwa an fitar dashi, musamman Japan, Koriya da Amurka.

Kafin zuwan Bature a Ostiraliya ba a sami masu cin nasara a nan ba. Ingilishi ne ya kawo wasu jinsi Hereford, Aberdeen Angus ko Bos taurus wanda a karshe shi ne ya yi nasara. A yau akwai korafe-korafe da yawa game da wannan aikin, kamar yadda a duk duniya ana maganar rage cin nama, kasancewa mai cin ganyayyaki, zaluntar dabbobi da dumamar yanayi saboda najasar dabbobi, amma komai ya kasance daidai.

Kuma game da tsawa? A shekarun 70 na karni na XNUMX adadin shanu yana da yawa, amma daga lokacin ya fara raguwa kuma a yau ya zama sulusin abin da yake a wancan lokacin. Har yanzu Ostiraliya ta rage jagora a duniya wajen samar da ulu ulu. Kuma cewa akwai karancin masu kera shanu da kuma manoma da ke hada shanu da hatsi.

An noma zaitun a cikin Ostiraliya tun daga ƙarni na XNUMX. An dasa bishiyar zaitun ta farko a Moreton Bay, Queensland, a cikin kurkuku (tuna cewa asalin ƙasar shine ya zama mulkin mallaka na azabtarwa). A tsakiyar karni na XNUMX akwai dubban kadada tare da gishiri na zaitun kuma wannan shine yadda suka girma a tsawon lokaci. Yau an fitar dashi zuwa Amurka, Turai, China, Japan da New Zealand. Lokacin da Sinawa suka fara shan man zaitun sai suka fara saka hannun jari a Ostiraliya don haka da alama samarwa zai haɓaka.

Har ila yau an shuka auduga kuma kamar yadda muka fada a baya, shinkafa, taba, 'ya'yan itatuwa masu zafi, masara, dawaKuma a, inabi ne don samar da ruwan inabi. Noma ta hanyar noma ta samu ci gaba a cikin shekarun 90 kuma an fitar da kusan rabin noman zuwa Burtaniya kuma zuwa ƙasashen New Zealand, Kanada, Amurka da Jamus.

A ƙarshe, dole ne a faɗi haka gwamnatin Australiya tana da hannu sosai a cikin duk ayyukan karkara: daga kwarin gwiwar da ta bai wa majagaba na farko a aikin ƙasar, ta hanyar gudanar da ayyukan bincike daban-daban da take yi ko ayyukan ilimi da kiwon lafiya da take bayarwa, ga ƙungiyar kasuwancin ƙasa da ta duniya, sarrafa farashin, tallafi da sauransu a kan

Cinema ta Australiya tana da fina-finai da yawa waɗanda ke nuna wannan alaƙar da ke tsakanin mutane da ƙasar. Idan na tuna ina tuna siliman Tsuntsu yana waka kafin ya mutu, a cikin abin da matar da ke ƙaunarta da firist ta kasance mai mallakin babban garken dabbobi. ma Australia, fim din da Nicole Kidman ta fito da shi wanda ke magana kan masu samar da shanu; ko wasu jerin da yawa waɗanda masu ba da gudummawa ga ayyukan gona. 'Ya'yan McLeod, alal misali.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   fermin sanchez ramirez m

    karɓar gaisuwa ta musamman daga wani ɗan gari na gari a cikin gundumar lardin condormarca na sashen bolivar na 'yanci, ƙasar Peru.Na taya murna ga matsayin al'adun dukkan itsan ƙasa, da fasaha, da damar samun ruwa mai filayen ruwa mai dacewa noma da kiwo.Idan zan iya neman wasu bidiyoyi game da yadda ake amfani da fasaha a harkar noma da kiwo, ina fatan zan iya tattaunawa da mutane daga wancan bangaren na doron kasar mu.Na gode bye sai anjima

  2.   m m

    aikin noma yana da ban sha'awa kuma a fili na tsaya hahahahaha

  3.   Felipe Antonio Zatarain Beltrán m

    Ina sha'awar sani game da fasahar gundumomin ban ruwa, musamman na hanyoyin ruwa (kofofin kai tsaye)

bool (gaskiya)