Sarki na karshe na Daular Austro-Hungary

Charles I na Austriya da matarsa

Akwai lokacin da Austria ta kasance shugabar wata babbar daula da ta gama wargajewa bayan ƙarshen Yaƙin Duniya na .aya. Juyin juya hali da yawa ko yaƙe-yaƙe sun ƙare masarautu da masarautu kuma na Ostiriya shine na ƙarshe da ya shiga cikin tarihi. Wane ne daga baya ya sanya rawaninsa? Wanene sarki wanda dole ne ya kashe wuta, kamar yadda suke faɗa?

Wannan sarki ya kasance Charles I na Austria, wanda aka fi sani da Carlos IV na Hungary, wani mutum da aka haifa a 1887 wanda ya mutu a 1922. Bayan kasancewarsa Sarki na karshe na Ostireliya da Sarki na ƙarshe na Hungary shi ma ya kasance Shi ne sarki na ƙarshe na dangi wanda ya ba da sarakuna da yawa ga duniya, gidan Habsburg-Lorraine.

Charles I na Austria yayi sarauta kusan shekaru uku, daga 1916 zuwa 1919 lokacin da ya bar gwamnati ba tare da sauke komai ba. Masarautar tana mutuwa, duk da cewa yayi kokarin kada hakan ta faru har zuwa ranar da ya mutu a shekarar 1922. An haife shi ne a 17 ga watan Agusta, 1887 a Fadan Persenbeug, a Lower Austria, lokacin da Sarki da Sarkin Hungary suka kasance Mai Girma- kawu Francisco José, mutumin da ba za ta taɓa jituwa da shi ba.

Ya auri Gimbiya Zita na Bourbon-Parma y lokacin da aka kashe Archduke Franz Ferdinand a Sarajevo, wanda ya haifar da Babban Yaƙin, ya zama magaji. Kawai sai sarki ya fara ɗaukar shi da mahimmanci kuma yana da niyyar gabatar da shi ga al'amuran ƙasa. Lokacin da Francisco José ya mutu a ƙarshe ya hau gadon sarauta, a cikin 1916. Jim kaɗan bayan haka, thean sandar Poland za su ayyana independenceancinsu kuma Austriya za ta zama haɗin kan jihohi, wanda ke nufin farkon ƙarshen Daular. A cikin 1918 ya bar jihar kuma ya bar wa Austriya da Hungary yanke shawara kan tsarin mulkin su.

Charles I na Austria, Kodayake ya yi ƙoƙari ya ci gaba da mulkin masarauta a Austria kuma daga baya a Hungary, bai yi nasara ba. Ya tafi gudun hijira tare da matarsa ​​zuwa tsibirin Madeira. A cikin 1922 ya kamu da sanyi yayin tafiya a cikin birni, yana da rikitarwa a ciki mashako sannan kuma cutar huhu. Ba tare da maganin rigakafi ba a gani, ba a ƙirƙira su ba tukuna, yana da ciwon zuciya sau biyu kuma ya mutu a ranar 1 ga Afrilu a gaban matar da ke da juna biyu da ɗansu na takwas.

Har yanzu ana binne gawarsa a tsibirin Madeira, banda zuciyarsa, wanda tare da matarsa ​​ake binne su a Switzerland. A cikin 2004 Katolika ya buge shi.


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