Vienna metro

vienna metro

Ofayan mafi kyawun hanyoyi don ziyartar babban birnin Austria kuma gano mafi kusurwarsa mafi ban sha'awa shine don amfani da Jirgin karkashin kasa na Vienna (U-Bahn Wien a Jamusanci): Wannan hanyar jirgin ƙasa ta birni mai nisan sama da kilomita 83 ta haɗu da tsakiyar gari da duk mahimman maƙwabta a ɓangarorin biyu na Danube.

A halin yanzu, Vienna Metro tana da layi biyar da tashoshi 98. Ana amfani da ayyukanta fiye da Fasinjoji miliyan 450 a shekara. Watau: ana amfani da kusan mutane miliyan 1,2 a rana.

Tarihin Jirgin Vienna

Hanyoyin jirgin ƙasa na farko a cikin Vienna kwanan baya zuwa shekara ta 1840. Da farko ya kusan kananan jiragen kasa na tururi me suka yi gajeren balaguro tare da hanyoyi masu radial daga cikin gari zuwa garuruwa da wuraren kiwo. Hanyar sadarwar tana ci gaba da bunkasa kuma a farkon karni na XNUMX ya riga ya kasance cikakken lantarki.

Harin bama-bamai a cikin garin yayin Yaƙin Duniya na II kusan ya lalata tashar jirgin ƙasa da taragon tarago. A tsakiyar shekarun 50 ne babban birnin birni na Austriya ya amince da tsare-tsaren farko na sabon metro na birnin. An tsara sabon layout, da ake kira Grundnetz ko cibiyar sadarwa na asali. Wannan ya ƙunshi layuka uku waɗanda suka haɗu zuwa jimillar kusan kilomita 30 na hanyoyi.

Ayyukan sun ƙare a ranar 25 ga Fabrairu, 1978, tare da balaguron budurwa ta U1, tashoshi biyar tsakanin Reumannplatz da Karlsplatz. Bayan 'yan shekaru kaɗan, Vienna Metro ya riga ya sami layukan aiki huɗu (U1, U2, U4 da Line G, waɗanda ke yawo a saman ƙasa) da kuma tashoshi arba'in da huɗu da ke aiki.

U-Bahn Wien

Jirgin karkashin kasa na Vienna

A mataki na biyu na fadadawa, tsakanin 1982 da 2000, an gina sabbin layuka biyu: U3 da U6, tare da ƙara wasu sabbin tashoshin 38 zuwa cibiyar sadarwar da kuma ba da sabbin gundumomin birnin.

Layin Jirgin Ruwa na Vienna

A halin yanzu Vienna Metro tana da manyan layuka shida:

  • U1 (launin ja): Oberlaa - Leopoldau 19,2 km.
  • U2 (Launi mai ruwan kasa): Karlsplatz - Seestadt 16,7 km.
  • U3 (lemu mai ruwan 'ya'yan itace): Ottakring - Simmering 13,5 km.
  • U4 (layin kore) Hütteldorf - Heiligenstadt kilomita 16,5.
  • U6 (layin ruwan kasa) Siebenhirten - Floridsdorf 17,4 km.

Ga masu yawon bude ido, metro hanya ce mai kyau don isa waɗancan wurare masu ban sha'awa waɗanda suke a waje da tsakiyar tarihin garin. Misali, don samun damar Gidan shakatawa na Prater da sanannen keken Ferris na katako Zamu iya amfani da layin U2 (Prater-Messe tasha) ko U1 (tashar Praterstern). A gefe guda, U4 zai kai mu kai tsaye zuwa ban mamaki Fadar Schönbrunn kuma U1 ya bar mu a Südtiroler Platz, daga inda zaka iya samun damar Fadar Belvedere.

Viennese metro tana gudana kowace rana daga ƙarfe 5 na safe zuwa 1 na safe. Jiragen ƙasa suna gudana kowane minti 5 a mafi yawan lokuta. Bugu da kari, akwai hidiman awanni 24 a karshen mako. Tikitin jirgin ƙasa guda ɗaya ya kashe € 2,20.

Manyan tashoshi

Daga cikin kusan tashoshi ɗari da ke aiki waɗanda Vienna Metro ke da su, akwai wasu waɗanda ke da mahimmanci musamman ga wurin su, kayan aikin zamani da kyawun su. Waɗannan sune mafi amfani da ban sha'awa ga matafiyi:

jirgin karkashin kasa na vienna

Karlsplatz

Yana da matukar tsakiyar tashar, kusa da Opera na Vienna da cocin na Karlskirche. Lines U1, U2 da U4 sun hadu akan sa. An ƙaddamar da shi a cikin 1978 a cikin shirin Grundnetz. Gidaje da dandamali suna dauke da mahimman ayyukan fasaha. An haɗa tashar Karlsplatz zuwa tarago ta birni da layukan bas takwas.

Kudancin Tyrol Platz

Layin U1 yana da tasha a wannan tashar da ke haɗa kai tsaye da sabuwar Babban tashar da Vienna (Wien Hauptbahnhof), wanda aka ƙaddamar a shekarar 2012. Daga nan, jiragen ƙasa ke tashi suna isa daga biranen Austrian daban-daban da kuma daga ƙasashen ƙetare kamar su Berlin, Amsterdam, Budapest, Rome, Prague, Warsaw, Frankfurt. Munich, Amsterdam da Brussels, da sauransu.

Bahnhof Meidling

Haɗa layin U6 tare da Tashar jirgin kasa mai noma, wanda yawancin jiragen kasa na yanki suke tashi zuwa wurare daban-daban a cikin ƙasar. Tashar kuma an haɗa ta da layuka tara. An buɗe shi a cikin 1989 a cikin gundumar Mediling, kudu da Tsohon Vienna.

Landsrasse

Muhimmancin wannan tashar yana cikin gaskiyar cewa yana da haɗin kai tsaye zuwa tashar jirgin sama na birni ta CAT (Jirgin Sama na Filin Jirgin Sama). Lines U3 da U4 suna wucewa ta ciki, kuma suna da haɗin haɗin tram daban-daban. Yawancin matafiya da suka ziyarci Vienna sun ratsa wannan tashar.

Schottenstor

Abin da ke sanya wannan tashar, wanda ke kan layin U2, mai ban sha'awa shi ne ainihin wurin da kasancewarta shaguna da wuraren kasuwanci da yawa ciki Yana ɗayan mafi kyawun rayuwa a cikin tashar tashar jirgin ƙasa ta Vienna.


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