Charles I, Sarki na ƙarshe na Austriya

bikin-carlos-i da-zita-de-parma Kodayake a yau Austriya ƙaramar ƙasa ce wacce da wuya ta bayyana a cikin labarai (a yan kwanakin nan tana yi kuma da yawa saboda rikicin ƙaura a Turai), akwai lokacin da ta kasance shugaban wata babbar daula: the Masarautar Austro-Hungary wanda ya bace bayan karshen yakin duniya na farko.

Kamar yadda Juyin Juya Halin kasar Sin ya ƙare ƙarni na sarakuna da sarakuna kuma a yau an san Pu Yi da sarki chin na karsheko wanene sarki na karshe na Austriya? Ya kasance Charles I na Austria, wanda aka fi sani da Charles na huɗu na Hungary, mutumin da aka haifa a 1887 wanda ya mutu a 1922. Baya ga kasancewa beingarshe na Emperorarshen Ostiriya kuma Sarkin Hungary na ƙarshe kuma shi ne sarki na ƙarshe na dangi wanda ya ba da sarakuna da yawa ga duniya. , Gidan Habsburg-Lorraine.

Charles I na Austria Haƙiƙa ya yi mulki na ɗan gajeren lokaci: daga 1916 zuwa 1919 lokacin da ya bar gwamnati ba tare da sauka ba. Masarauta tana ta mutuwa, duk da cewa yayi kokarin kada hakan ta faru har zuwa ranar da ya mutu a shekarar 1922. An haife shi ne a 17 ga watan Agusta, 1887 a Fadan Persenbeug, a Lower Austria, lokacin da Sarki da Sarkin Hungary suka kasance kawun sa Francisco Jose, mutumin da ba za ta taɓa jituwa da shi ba.

Ya auri Gimbiya Zita na Bourbon-Parma kuma lokacin da kisan Archduke Franz Ferdinand a Sarajevo ya zama magaji. Kawai sai sarki ya fara ɗaukar shi da mahimmanci kuma yana da niyyar gabatar da shi ga al'amuran ƙasa. Lokacin da Francisco José ya mutu a ƙarshe ya karɓi gadon sarauta, a cikin 1916. Jim kaɗan bayan thean sanda suka ayyana theirancinsu kuma Austriya zata zama haɗin kan jihohi, wanda ke nufin farkon ƙarshen Daular. Hakan ya faru ne a cikin 1918 lokacin da ta bar jihar ta bar wa Austrian da Hungaria su yanke shawara kan tsarin mulkin ta.

Charles I na AustriaDuk da cewa yayi kokarin ganin masarautar ta ci gaba a kasar Austria sannan daga baya a Hungary, bai yi nasara ba. Ya tafi gudun hijira tare da matarsa ​​zuwa tsibirin Madeira. A cikin 1922 ya kamu da sanyi yayin tafiya a cikin birni, yana da rikitarwa a mashako kuma daga baya ya kamu da ciwon huhu. Ba tare da maganin rigakafi ba, ba a ƙirƙira su ba tukuna, yana da ciwon zuciya sau biyu kuma ya mutu a ranar 1 ga Afrilu a gaban matar da ke da juna biyu da ɗansu na takwas. Har yanzu ana binne gawarsa a tsibirin Madeira, banda zuciyarsa, wanda tare da matarsa ​​ake binne su a Switzerland.

A cikin 2004 Katolika ya buge shi.


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