Habsburgs, wasu tarihi

Ofayan manya kuma mafi mahimmancin gidan sarauta a Turai shine Gidan Habsburg. Mai girma, mai mahimmanci, sananne, tare da manyan sarakuna, amma a yau ba tare da sarki ko sarauniya ba. Yayinda sauran gidajen masarauta suka tsira kuma suka ci gaba da shugabancin gidajensu, Gidan Habsburg na Austriya baya cikinsu. Habsburg, wannan suna ya fito ne daga fadar Switzerland Habichtsburg, castakin da ya kasance gidan dangi tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX, XNUMX da XNUMX, a cikin ƙasar Switzerland ta yanzu amma a lokacin ita ce Duchy ta Swabia. Iyalin sun haɓaka kuma sun faɗaɗa tasirinsu kuma sun sami damar zama cikin ƙasar Austriya ta yanzu.

A cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci, zuriya biyu ko uku, dangin sun sami nasarar tsayar da kansu a matsayin ɗan takarar kujerar har abada tsakanin 1272 da 1806 a Netherlands, Spain, Italia, Austria da Portugal. Amma dangin sun kasu zuwa dauloli biyu: Habsburgs na Spain da Habsburgs na Austriya, daga isar da ƙasashe na Emperor Carlos V, shima Sarkin Spain zuwa Fernando I a yankin Austrian. Daga lokacin ne reshen Austriya zai ɗauki taken Masu Tsarki Sarakunan Rome tare da tasiri a cikin masarautun Bohemia da Hungary. A nata bangare, reshen Spain zai yi mulki a cikin masarautun Spain, abubuwan da suke da su a Italiya, Netherlands da ɗan Fotigal.

Habsurgs na Mutanen Espanya sun ɓace ta hanyar haɓaka cikin ƙarni na 1918. Aure tsakanin dangi daga karshe ya haifar da matsalar kwakwalwa kuma kyakkyawan misali shine Carlos II na Spain. Sakamakon wannan, da farko a Spain kuma daga baya a Austria, za a yi yaƙe-yaƙe. A zahiri, a cikin reshen dangin Austriya akwai ƙananan aure tsakanin dangi na kusa kuma an fi cewa mutuwar kananan yara na yawancin magada shine babban dalilin lalacewar nasaba. Tare da auren magajin karshe na Habsburgs na Austriya, María Teresa tare da Francisco Esteban, Duke na Lorraine, an haifi reshen Habsburg-Lorraine, mulkin da zai ƙare a XNUMX tare da shan kashi a Yaƙin Duniya na .aya.


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