Itace ta Brazil a cikin haɗarin halaka

fure Brazil
Brasil Ya zama mafi ƙasƙanci ƙasa a Kudancin Amurka, ƙasar da ke da manyan sarari da kuma halittu masu ban mamaki. Koyaya, wannan babbar dukiya tana fuskantar barazanar gaske, musamman ma flora ta Brazil.

Wani bincike da aka gudanar wasu shekaru a kasar ta Kudancin Amurka ya kiyasta adadin tsirrai masu barazanar zuwa 2.118. Ba wai kawai ba: har ila yau, a cewar mashahurin masanin ilmin halittu na kasar Brazil Gustavo Martinelli, mai kula da Littafin Ja na Flora na Brazil (2013), da yawan ƙarewa na nau'ikan halittu sun fi sauri fiye da yadda ake zato 'yan shekarun da suka gabata.

Martinelli yana aiwatar da aikin titan na kasida da rarrabawa arzikin ciyayi na Brazil. Hakanan an ba da himmarsu ga wayar da kan jama'a da hukumomi game da mahimmancin tattaunawa game da wannan taskar.

Yawancin nau'ikan flora na Brazil suna cikin Jerin Sunayan Kungiyar Tarayyar Kasa da Kasa don Kula da Yanayi (IUCN). Koyaya, dangane da sabon bincike, ainihin jerin suna da yawa sosai.

Masana sun kimanta cewa a dazukan Brazil har yanzu suna ɓoye yawancin jinsunan da ba a gano su ba. Wadannan nau'ikan zasu iya kasancewa tsakanin 10% zuwa 20% na ainihin kwalliyar Brazil. Abin sha'awa shine, yawan gano sabbin halittu ya ragu sosai fiye da yadda batan bacewar sanannun halittu suke.

da dalilan wannan halaka ta jama'a sanannu ne sosai. Ana iya taƙaita su cikin uku:

  • Wulakancin da ba a nuna bambanci ba don dalilan noma.
  • Lalata gandun daji da alaƙa da birni na sababbin wurare.
  • Gobarar daji.

Barazanar nau'in shuka a cikin Brazil

An rarraba nau'ikan barazanar Brazil flora kamar kungiyoyi hudu bisa ga matakin barazanar. An sanya wannan rarrabuwa ne bisa la'akari da ma'aunin raguwa, girman mutane, yanki na rarraba kasa da kuma rarrabuwa ta yawan jama'a.

Wannan shine taƙaitaccen jerin nau'ikan kayan alamomin da barazanar ta lalacewa:

Karina (Aulonemia effusa)

Hakanan an san shi da wasu sunaye kamar campinchorâo, aveia yi rufe o samambaia indiana. Tsirrai ne mai kamannin bamboo wanda a al'adance yake girma a yankunan bakin teku na Brazil. A yau yana cikin haɗari sosai.

Brasiliyanci (Syngonanthus brasiliana)

Daya daga cikin dabbobin da ke cikin hatsari a cikin Brazil shine ainihin wanda ya baiwa wannan kasar suna. Turawan Fotigal sun yi amfani da katako don ƙirƙirar launuka da kuma kera wasu kayan kida.

jacaranda da baia

Rassan Jacaranda de Baia

Jacaranda da Baia (Dalbergia nigra)

Itaciyar Endemic ta itacen Brazil wanda itace take da daraja ƙwarai. Yanke igiyar da ba a nuna bambanci ba ya rage adadin samfuran kusan kusan.

Marmelinho (Mafi kyawun glaziovii)

Shrubby shuki wanda ke samar da 'ya'yan itace tare da wadatar kaddarorin kiwon lafiya. Wannan tsiron, wanda yake na gida daya kamar bishiyar mulberry, yana cikin haɗarin ɓacewa a cikin Brazil.

Paininha

A paininha tare da furannin ta ja mai haske da rawaya. Wani nau'in haɗari.

Paininha (Trigonia bahiensis)

Shuka tare da kyawawan furanni masu launin ja da rawaya waɗanda kasancewar su a yankunan bakin teku ya ragu sosai a cikin recentan shekarun nan.

Palmito-juçara (Euterpe edulis)

Peasashen dabinon dabino tare da ɗan siririn akwati wanda ke tsiro a wasu yankuna kudancin ƙasar. Manyan bishiyoyi na dabino na baya sun iyakance a yau zuwa kasancewar shaidu.

pinheiro parana

Pinheriro do Paraná ko Araucária: itacen "Brazil" ɗin da ke cikin haɗarin ɓacewa.

Pinheiro do Paraná (Araucaria angustifolia)

Bishiyar bishiyar dangin Auraucariaceae da aka jera a matsayin maras fure. Wannan Pine na Brazil, wanda ake kira curi, zai iya kaiwa mita 35 a tsayi. Asali an fadada shi a cikin siffin manyan dazuzzuka zuwa kudancin kasar. Rushewar da ya yi a shekarun baya ya zama abin birgewa.

Sangue de Dragana (Helosis cayennensis)

Itace daga yankin Amazon wanda ake amfani da jan ruwansa, mai kama da jini don yin kayayyakin kiwon lafiya da yawa da yawa.

Velame preto (Camarea hirsuta)

Shahararren "bakin zaren" shukar, sau ɗaya tak ta zama mai yawan gaske, kusan ta ɓace a cikin ƙasar.

mai gashi

Gashi, shuka mai hatsari

 

Kyauta (Duguetia glabriscula)

Shuka tare da furanni masu ruwan hoda waɗanda babban abin rarrabewa a cikinsu shine ƙwanƙwasa da ganyen "gashi". Karni ɗaya da suka gabata an rarraba shi a kusan kusan duk ƙasar, a yau kawai yana raye a wasu yankuna masu kariya.

Adana furen na Brazil

Yana da kyau a ce ana aiwatar da mahimman abubuwa don kiyaye tsire-tsire na Brazil. Brazil ta sanya hannu kan Yarjejeniyar kan Bambancin Halittu da Manufofin Aichi (2011), sadaukar da kai na kasa da kasa don hana bacewar nau'in halittu masu barazana.

Daga cikin sauran matakan da yawa, gwamnatin tarayya ta buga fewan shekarun da suka gabata a taswirar yankuna fifiko, da yawa daga cikinsu sun riga sun karɓi a matsayi na musamman na kariya. Kuma ba kawai don adana flora ba, har ma da fauna na ƙasar.

A duk wadannan ayyukan kiyayewa, da fasaha yana taka muhimmiyar rawa. Godiya gareshi, yana yiwuwa a adana tsaba na tsire-tsire masu barazanar don amfanin gaba a cikin wuraren da aka dawo dasu.

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   m m

    Ina son lino

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    INA GANINA CEWA BASU BAYANI
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