Cordilleras ta Colombia

Idan wata rana kuna son yin balaguro da kuma gano mafi kyawun shimfidar wurare a doron ƙasa, to, kada ku yi jinkiri sosai kuma ku shirya tafiya don sanin Cordilleras na Colombia. Yankin tsaunin Andes shine mafi kyawun silsilar dutsen a Latin Amurka kuma hakan ya raba yankin Colombia zuwa rassa uku masu zaman kansu: Yammacin Cordillera, Tsakiyar Cordillera da Gabas ta Tsakiya.

Cordillera de los Andes ya shiga Kolombiya ta yankin kudu maso yammacin ƙasar kuma ya kasu zuwa sarkoki biyu: Western Cordillera da Central Cordillera. Mountainungiyar Tsakiya ta Tsakiya ta raba rassa biyu a cikin Massif na Kolombiya ko kuma Tuntun Almaguer, wanda ke ba da Mountainasar Dutsen Gabas. Wurin da ake kira Pacific Ring of Fire shima ya shahara sosai saboda yawancin dutsen da ke fitarwa kuma yana cikin wannan yankin. Dutsen Galeras wanda yake kusa da garin Pasto da Nevado del Ruiz wanda kuma dutsen mai fitad da wuta ne sananne saboda ayyukan su na kwanan nan.

Menene zangon dutse?

Cordillera

Kafin ganin waɗanne ne mahimman tsaran tsaunuka a cikin Kolombiya, bari mu bayyana menene tsaunin tsauni.

Menene bambanci tsakanin cordillera, sarƙoƙi ko tsarin dutse, ko kawai tsaunuka ..? Da kyau, zan yi kokarin bayyana muku shi. Idan muka je kamus din kuma muka nemi tsaunin tsauni, zai bayyana shi a matsayin: jerin duwatsu masu hade hade. A wannan ma'anar ya bambanta da tsaunuka a yawan duwatsu, wanda ya fi girma a cikin cordillera. Sai mu ce tsaunuka rabe-raben da muke yi ne daga jerin tsaunuka.

Yadda ake kafa tsauni

Everest

Yanzu idan muka zurfafa kadan, kuma muka gani ta mahangar kasa, zan fada muku hakan tsaunukan tsaunuka sun kunshi yankuna daban-daban ko kuma a cikin yanayin ninkawa. A cikin elongated yankunan da suke a gefen nahiyoyin, da yawa adadin sedimentary kayan tara, idan wadannan suna shan gagarumin matsawa da lalacewa ta hanyar tawaye ta gefe, sun ninka da tashi, yana haifar da samuwar sarƙoƙin dutse. Wannan shine yadda mafi yawan manyan tsaunukan tsaunuka na duniya suka samu, kamar su Himalayas a Asiya, Andes a Kudancin Amurka ko Tsarin Alps na Turai.

Wannan tsari a cikin motsi, wanda ke haifar da nadawa na iya zama:

  • Ta hanyar karo tsakanin takaddun nahiyoyin biyu na lithosphere, Farantin da ke saman duniya, wanda ke da zurfin zurfin tsakanin kilomita 10 zuwa 50, ya gajarta, ya ninka ko ya fasa kuma ya haifar da jerin tsaunuka (ba zato ba tsammani, wannan daidai yake da jerin tsaunuka). Ta haka ne aka kafa tsaunin tsaunin Himalaya, mafi girma a saman. Wannan tsaunin ya fadada zuwa kasashe da dama: Bhutan, Nepal, China da India kuma a ciki zamu sami 10 daga kololuwa goma sha huɗu masu tsayin sama da mita 8.000, waɗanda suke sama da matakin teku a duk faɗin duniya.
  • Ta hanyar karo, amma a cikin faranti guda biyu na tectonic. An ba da Pyrenees a matsayin misali.
  • Ta hanyar karo tsakanin farantin teku da farantin nahiyoyi, sa'annan ɓawon tekun ya nitse. Misalin misali shine tsaunin tsaunin Andes, wanda shine mafi tsayi mafi tsayi a duniya kuma a ciki zamu sami tsaunuka mafi girma a duniya.

Maganganun sararin samaniya kamar ruwa ko iska, haka kuma ciyawar kanta da halayen ƙasar, suna shiga tsakani da fasalta tsaunukan tsaunukan. AF Babu kewayon tsaunuka a duniya kawai, a sauran duniyoyi, kamar Mars, akwai kuma, mafi shahara shi ne Tarshi.

Wani abin sha'awa, ba a san shi ba wane tsauni mafi dadewa a duniya, amma tepui ko tepui aji ne na musamman masu tsayi, tare da bango a tsaye. Ana jayayya cewa waɗannan nau'ikan duwatsu sune tsofaffin tsari, tunda asalinsu ya samo asali ne daga Precambrian. Amma har yanzu ba mu san da yawa daga gabar tekun ba.

Ruwan ruwa

Tsibirin Volcanic

Tkuma na yi magana game da tsaunukan tsaunuka waɗanda muke "gani" amma akwai kuma jerin tsaunuka a cikin tekuna, sune ake kira dutsen teku, wanda a zahiri shine mafi girman tsaunukan tsaunuka, kimanin kilomita 60.000 a tsayi. Waɗannan an ƙirƙira su ta hanyar sauyawar faranti na tectonic.

Matsakaicin tsayin waɗannan tsaunukan da suke ƙarƙashin ruwa ya kai mita 2.000 zuwa 3.000. Waɗannan nau'ikan jeri na tsauni suna da taimako mai mawuyacin hali, tare da gangare masu faɗi da tudu sau da yawa ana yin alama da zurfin haɗuwa mai tsawo, wanda ake kira rami ko ɓarkewa, inda ake samun girgizar ƙasa da dutsen mai fitarwa sau da yawa. Ta waɗannan ɗakunan da suka taru a gefuna, a hankali ake ƙara kaurin ɓawon dutse mai aman wuta.

A wasu yankuna na Tekun Atlantika dutsen yana motsa kimanin santimita 2 a shekara, yayin da a gabashin Pacific yake tafiya da sauri, kimanin santimita 14.

Wasu tsaunuka a cikin waɗannan jeri sun tashi sama da matakin teku kuma sun haifar da tsibirai masu ƙarfi kamar Iceland.

Cordilleras ta Colombia

corillera colombia

Yammacin Cordillera

Yammacin Cordillera yana da tsawon kusan kilomita 1.200 kuma yana tafiya arewa ta cikin ƙasar daga Nudo de los Pastos a cikin sashen Nariño a kudu maso yammacin Colombia zuwa Nudo de Paramillo a cikin sashen Córdoba, wanda ke arewacin ƙasar.

Manyan tsaunuka na Yammacin Cordillera sune –a cikin tsari na tsayi-:

  • Cumbal Volcano: tsayin mita 4.764.
  • Dutsen dutsen Chile: tsayi 4.748 m.
  • Dutsen dutsen Azufral: tsawan mita 4.070.
  • Farallones de Cali: daga 200 zuwa 4.280 m tsawo.
  • Dutsen Tatamá: tsawan 4.200.
  • Paramillo massif ko Paramillo del Sinú: daga 100 zuwa 3.960 m tsawo.
  • Dutsen Munchique: tsawan 3.012.

Babban Tsaron Tsakiya

Tsakiyar Cordillera ta faro daga Nudo de Almaguer ko Colombian Massif a cikin sashen Cauca zuwa Serranía de San Lucas de Bolívar a arewacin Colombia. Ita ce tsauni mafi tsayi a cikin ƙasar tare da kololuwa sama da mita dubu 5.700 kuma yana da tsawon kilomita 1.000.

Manyan tsaunuka a cikin Central Cordillera sune –a cikin tsari na tsayi-:

  • Nevado del Huila: tsayin 5.750 m.
  • Nevado del Ruiz: 5.321 m tsayi.
  • Nevado del Tolim: tsawan 5.216.
  • Nevado de Santa Isabel: tsayin 5.150.
  • Nevado del Cisne: tsawan 4.800.

Kamar yadda kake gani, yana da tsaunuka masu tsayi waɗanda ganin su daga nesa ya riga ya burge saboda girman sa. Babu shakka abubuwan al'ajabi ne na ɗabi'a waɗanda Colombia ke da sa'a. Akwai mutane da yawa da suke tafiya zuwa wannan tsaunin da niyyar sanin waɗannan tsaunuka kuma suna jin daɗin kyawawan kyawawan rayuwarsu.

Gabas ta Tsakiya

Gabashin Cordillera shine mafi girman tsauni a ƙasar wanda tsayinsa bai gaza kilomita 1.200 ba. Wannan tsaunin ya faro ne daga kullin Almaguer zuwa tsaunin Perijá, a cikin sashen La Guajira, arewa maso gabashin Colombia.

An raba Cordillera zuwa rassa biyu: tsaunin Motilones wanda ya kara zuwa arewa da kuma tsaunin tsaunin Táchira wanda ya keta iyaka tsakanin Colombia da Venezuela.

Manyan tsaunuka na Gabashin Cordillera sune –a cikin tsari na tsayi-:

  • Sierra Nevada del Cocuy: tsayin 5.330 m.
  • Dutsen Sumapaz: tsawan 3.820 m.
  • Páramo de Pisba: tsawan 3.800.
  • Sierra de Perijá: tsayi m 3.750.
  • Choachí moor: tsayi 2.980 m.

Har ila yau a gabashin Cordillera zamu iya samun manyan wuraren shakatawa, Har ila yau, yana da kyakkyawa da ƙimar Colombia. Sun fice:

  • Savannah na Bogotá: tsayin mitoci 2.600, inda garin Bogotá yake.
  • Ubaté savanna: m tsayin 2.570.
  • Kwarin Sogamoso: tsawan m 2.570.

Mafi mahimmancin tuddai a ƙasar Colombia

Baya ga tsaunukan Andes da duk abin da aka ambata a sama, akwai tsaunukan ƙasa waɗanda ke da mahimmanci ga dukkan Colombia da Latin Amurka cewa yana da kyau ku sani, idan wata rana kuna sha'awar tafiya zuwa ƙasashensu don sanin waɗannan abubuwan al'ajabi na duniya.

Saliyo Nevada de Santa Marta

An samo shi a cikin filayen bakin teku na Caribbean. Ya fadada ta sassan Magdalena, Cesar da La Guajira. Tana da hawa na mita 5.775 (ƙafa 18.947) sama da matakin teku. Matsayi mafi girma wanda zaku iya samu shine na Cristóbal Colón wanda Simón Bolívar ya biyo baya. Ita ce tsauni mafi girma da aka rufe dusar ƙanƙara a cikin Colombia. Wannan tsaunin yana da fadin kasa kilomita murabba'i 17.000.

Montes de María ko San Jacinto tsaunin tsauni

Tana tsakanin sassan Bolívar da Sucre a cikin filayen gabar tekun Karibiyan. Tana da tsawar mita 810.

Serrania de la Macuira

Tana cikin Sashen La Guajira kuma tana da tsayin mita 810. Har ila yau, yana da yanki na murabba'in kilomita 250.

Serranía del Darien

tsaunuka Colombia

Tana cikin sashen Chocó. Yankin kan iyaka tsakanin Colombia da Panama. Tana da hawa mita 1.910 akan Tacurcuna Hill.

Serranía del Baudo

Tana cikin sashen Chocó, kusa da gabar Tekun Fasifik. An raba shi daga bakin rafin Atrato da Baudo kuma yana daidai da bakin teku tare da kyawawan hotunan tsaunuka kusa da teku. Tana da hawa na mita 1.810.

Serrania de la Macarena

Tana cikin sashen Meta, a kudu maso gabashin gabashin Cordillera. Tana da hawa kusan mita 2.000. Kuna iya gano yanki na kilomita murabba'i 625.

Serranía del Perijá ko Serranía de los Motilones a yankin kudu

Ana samun sa a arewa maso gabashin Colombia. Tana aiki a matsayin iyakar iyaka tare da Venezuela tsakanin sassan La Guajira da Norte de Santander. Tana da hawa na mita 287.

Tsawon kudu maso gabas

Ana samun su a Gabas ta Gabas. An baza tsaunuka kamar Iguaje da Yambi tare da ƙananan filato, da Sierra de Araracuara.

Kamar yadda kake gani, Cordilleras ta Colombia suna da abubuwa da yawa da zasu nunawa duniya, kuma kyawunsu yana da wuyar kayarwa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   sunana m

    Wannan tsari ne, abu mafi mahimmanci ba shine mahimmancin tattalin arziki ba
    Ina ganin abun banza ne

  2.   CRISTOPHER FABIAN LOEZ N. m

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  45.   katarina mendoza m

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