Francisco José de Paula Santander, the «mutumin doka»

Francisco de Paula Santander

Francisco de Paula Santander ana ɗaukarsa ɗayan mahimmin gwarzo na 'Yancin Colombia. Ya kasance shugaban New Granada tsakanin 1832 da 1837. Tarihinsa na yau an san shi sosai a yau Colombia, Inda ake tunatar da ku kamar "Mutumin mai dokoki".

Baya ga hazikancin sa na siyasa da soja, wanda ya sami lakanin "Oganeza na Nasara", Francisco de Paula Santander ya kasance mai tallata mahimman ci gaban zamantakewa. Ya kasance mahaliccin tsarin ilimin jama'a na farko a Colombia.

Haihuwar Villa del Rosario de Cúcuta a ranar 2 ga Afrilu, 1792 a cikin ƙirjin a Iyalin Creole tare da tsohuwar al'adar soja, Francisco de Paula Santander ya yi amfani da yarintarsa ​​a gonar koko, koko da kuma

A shekarar 1805 ya koma Santa Fe de Bogota (Bogotá na yanzu, babban birnin ƙasar), don nazarin Kimiyyar Siyasa da Fikihu. Yana dan shekara 18 ya shiga soja domin cika aikinsa na soja, dai dai lokacin da aka fara aiwatar da 'yencin mulkin mallaka na turawan ingila a Amurka.

Matsayinku a cikin 'yancin kan Colombia

Francisco de Paula Santander ya kasance mai goyon bayan 'yancin kai Daga farkon lokacin. Ya shiga aikin sa kai a cikin Bataliyar Sojojin Kasa inda a shekarar 1812 aka daukaka shi zuwa mukamin kaftin.

Yayi rauni da aka kama fursuna a yakin San Victorino (1813), wanda yaci karo da bangarori biyu na sansanin yanci, yan tsakiya da yan taraiya. Ba da daɗewa ba bayan haka, an sake shi kuma ya ɗauki mukamin Manjo a ƙarƙashin umarnin rundunar Simón Bolívar.

Ya shiga cikin tsaron kwarin Cúcuta game da sojojin masarauta da suka zo daga Spain. Sannan ya shirya janye sojojinsa bayan shan kashi na Cachirí a cikin Fabrairu 1816. A waccan shekarar, a watan Oktoba, ya bambanta kansa a cikin Yaƙin El Yagual. A can ya jagoranci gwarzon jarumi wanda ya yanke shawarar nasara ga ɓangaren masu kishin ƙasa.

Gwarzo na Boyacá

Francisco de Paula Santander na ɗaya daga cikin gine-ginen nasarar kishin ƙasa a Yaƙin Boyacá (1819)

Ayyukansa na soja da suka maimaita sun jefa shi cikin sabon cigaba. Yin aiki a matsayin Birgediya Janar yana dan shekara 27 kacal, ya jagoranci sojojinsa zuwa ga Boyacá nasara (1819), bayan haka tabbatacciyar nasarar ta Yakin Neman 'Yanci Na Sabon Granada. Saboda wadannan hujjojin mutanen zamaninsa sun yaba masa kamar «Jarumi na Boyacá».

Santander akan Bolívar

Bayan nasarar Boyacá, José de Paula Santander ya ba da umarnin harbi kwamandan sojojin Sifen José María Barreiro tare da jami’ai 38. Wannan aikin shine asalin karon farko da yayi da Simón Bolívar, waɗanda suka ɗauki waɗannan hukuncin kisa ba dole ba kuma zai cutar da goyon bayan ƙasashen duniya don batun Liberators. Lyingarƙashin wannan rikici shine hamayyar siyasa da ta ɓarke ​​tsakanin shugabannin biyu yayin yaƙe-yaƙe na 'yanci kuma hakan ya girma a tsawon lokaci.

A cikin 1819, 'yancin kai na Gran Columbia (jihar da ta hada da Colombia ta yanzu, Venezuela, Panama da Ecuador), an sanya sunan Francisco de Paula Mataimakin Shugaban Jihar Cundinamarca, yayin da Bolívar ya ci gaba da zama matsayin shugaban ƙasa.

Gran Columbia

Taswirar Gran Colombia (1819-1831)

Wani sabon rashin jituwa tsakanin shugabannin biyu ya bayyana yayin kamfen din Bolívar a kudu. A lokacin waɗannan, Santander bai samar da kayan aiki da kayan aikin ɗan adam da aka nema ba. Nasarar kamfen din na ɗan lokaci ya binne rikice-rikicen.

A cikin 1826 wani sabon rikici ya barke tsakanin mabiyan Bolívar da masu zaginsa, wadanda suka zarge shi da yin amfani da mulki ta hanyar kama-karya da son zuciya. Daga cikin abokan hamayyar akwai Francisco de Paula Santander, wanda ya shiga cikin wadanda suka gaza Satumba Makirci su tumbuke shi. An zargi Santander da cin amanar ƙasa kuma aka yanke masa hukuncin kisa, kodayake daga baya Bolívar ya yafe masa da kansa.

Francisco de Paula Santander, Shugaban Nueva Granada

A cikin 1830, bayan rushe Gran Colombia, Francisco José de Paula Santander ya dawo daga gudun hijira a Amurka. Bayan sanya hannu kan kundin tsarin mulki na jihar Sabon Granada, kwayar cutar Colombia ta yanzu, a ranar 7 ga Oktoba, 1832 ya ɗauki matsayin Shugaban kasar.

A cikin shekarun ƙarshe na rayuwarsa, tsakanin 1832 da 1837, Santander ya mai da hankali ga haɓaka tushen sabuwar jihar. A fagen tattalin arziki Ya inganta fitar da kayayyakin amfanin gona zuwa kasashen waje kuma ya nemi daidaiton kudin kasar. Hakanan ya inganta kirkirar makarantun gwamnati da jami'o'i.

Pesos na Colombia

Kudaden pesos na Colombian 2.000

A karkashin aikinsa, Nueva Granada (Colombia mai zuwa) ta zama ƙasar Ba-Amurke ta farko da ta sami amincewar hukuma daga Mai-Tsarki.

A halin yanzu, sassan Santander da Norte de Santander sun wanzu a cikin girmamawarsa. Har ila yau, a cikin Fadar Adalci ta Bogotá akwai rubutu inda zaku iya karanta ɗayan manyan kalmominsa: «Yan Kolombiya: Makamai sun baku Yanci. Dokokin zasu baku Yanci ».

Duk ƙasar cike take da mutummutumai, abubuwan tarihi da kuma nassoshi ga Francisco de Paula Santander. Tasirin nasa ya kuma bayyana a takardun kudi na pesos 1, 100, 500 da 1.000 a duk tsawon tarihi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*