Wannan shine yadda aka ƙirƙira theancin Colombia

zanen indeoendencia Colombia

Sa hannu kan dokar 'yancin kan Colombia, mai ta mai zane Coriolano Leudo

Ranar aiki na ayyanawa na 'Yancin Jamhuriyar Colombia Ranar 20 ga Yuli, 1814. Amma, sanya hannu kan takardar da ta haifar da kirkirar wannan sabuwar Jiha ce kawai mafarin aiwatar da aiki wanda ya kwashe sama da shekaru goma.

Wannan tarihin ya kasance ne tun daga farkon ƙungiyoyin adawa da mulkin mallaka waɗanda aka haifa a farkon karni na XNUMX zuwa kafuwar sabon tsari na jamhuriya da kuma ƙarshen mulkin mallaka na Spain. Ainihin, an ƙirƙira independenceancin Colombian a cikin lokacin da zai tafi daga 1810 zuwa 1824. Muna bayanin abubuwan da suka faru na tarihi da kuma abubuwan ban sha'awa na wannan lokacin cikakkun bayanai a ƙasa:

Matakan 'yancin kai na yankunan Sifen a cikin Amurka sun yi wahayi zuwa ga Haskaka da sassaucin ra'ayi na karni na XNUMX kuma a cikin manyan ayyukan juyi na lokacin, musamman ma Amurka Independence (1776) da kuma Juyin Juya Halin Faransa (1789). Ana samun babban tsohuwar tarihinta a cikin Tawayen Comuneros a kan manufofin cin mutunci na magajin gari a cikin 1781.

Mamaye yankin Naberiya da sojojin Napoleonic suka yi a shekara ta 1808 sun jefa Spain cikin babbar matsala. Bayan bin kwatankwacin babban birni, an gina yawancin garuruwa na matalauta Hukumomin Gwamnati. Wasu daga cikin waɗannan kwamitocin sun kasance masu aminci ga kambin, wasu maimakon haka sun nuna burinsu na son mulkin kansu tun daga farko, suna ganin a cikin waɗannan yanayi na tarihi dama don cimma burinsu.

Gidan kayan tarihin Colombia

Gidan Florero - Gidan Tarihi na 'Yanci, a Bogotá

Farkon 'Yancin Kasar Colombia: La Patria Boba

Har zuwa lokacin da ta sami 'yanci, yankin Colombia ya kasance cikin Matsayi na Sabon Granada, wanda ya hada har da jihohin Ecuador da Venezuela na yanzu. Wannan rukunin farko na incipient sabuwar ƙasar Colombia an san shi da sunan wawa na gida, wanda ke kasancewa da lokacin tashin hankali da cike da rikice-rikice.

Abin da ake kira abin da ya faru na Gilashin Llorente a cikin shekara ta 1810 an dauke shi a matsayin lamarin da ya kawo karshen kasancewar mataimakin.

Gilashin Llorente

Wannan labarin da ya zama kamar banal tarihi ya haifar da fitowar 'yanci. Dan kasuwar Sifen Jose Gonzalez Llorente ki bashi bashi Creoles (Ba'amurke dan asalin Turai) wanda za ayi amfani dashi azaman ziyarar mai mulki Antonio Villavicencio, mai goyon bayan 'yancin kai. Anyi amfani da wannan rashin jituwa don yada rashin jin daɗin Creoles da ɗaukaka ruhohin masu neman sauyi da shelar sabon Kwamitin Gudanarwa wanda jagorancin Jose Maria Pey de Andrade.

La Gidan Gilashi, inda duk abin ya faru, a halin yanzu gidaje da Gidan Tarihi na Independence.

Proasar lardin Sabon Granada

A 1812 haihuwar Jamhuriyar Proasar lardunan Sabon Granada, emasar ambryonic ta makomar Colombia. Wannan jamhuriya, tare da aikin tarayya, ya nuna adawa ga masu goyon bayan sabuwar ƙasar da aka sanya ta a matsayin ƙasa ta tsakiya.

Rashin jituwa ya haifar da a yakin basasa tsakanin ‘yan majalisun tarayya da‘ yan tsakiya. Rikicin ya ci gaba har zuwa 1815, lokacin da bangarorin biyu suka yanke shawarar hada karfi da karfe don fuskantar barazanar sojojin masarauta, wadanda ke son dawo da mulkin Spain a yankin.

Binciken Sifen na Sabon Granada

Lokacin Ferdinand VII gudanar don dawo da tsari a Spain, wanda aka aika zuwa ƙasashen Amurka zuwa Pablo Murillo ne adam wata, wanda ake kira "mai kawo zaman lafiya", tare da manufar sake gano mataimakin.

Yayin wannan kamfen din soja garin Cartagena de Indiya sha wahala a kewaye hakan ya dauki kwanaki 102 kafin ya fada hannun Spain.

Rashin nasarar sojoji na masu cin gashin kai ya biyo bayan matsanancin danniya wanda aka fi sani da Tsarin ta'addanci, wanda ya haifar da kame da kisa da yawa.

tutar mulkin mallaka

Hoto na ncassullo en Pixabay

Yakin neman 'Yanci da tabbataccen' yancin kan Colombia

Bayan tsoma bakin sojoji na Sifen sai masu cin gashin kansu suka dauki lokaci suna sake shiri. Amma a 1818 da Yakin neman 'yanci a ƙarƙashin umarnin Simón Bolívar, wanda turawan ingila suka taimaka. Gangamin ya ƙare a Yaƙin Boyaca (1819), tare da tabbataccen shan kaye na masarautar, ya tilasta komawa zuwa Cartagena de Indias.

Bolívar ya shiga Bogotá a ranar 10 ga watan Agusta, 1819. Tun daga wannan lokacin, daga babban birni na sabuwar ƙasar Colombia mai cin gashin kanta, an daidaita ayyukan soja don kawo ƙarshen aljihun ƙarshe na gwagwarmayar Mutanen Espanya.


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