Yanayin ƙasar Colombia

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Ofaya daga cikin abubuwan da ke ba wa matafiya mamaki waɗanda suka ziyarci Colombia a karon farko shi ne daidaiton yanayinsa a duk shekara. Dalilin shi ne cewa kasar tana cikin yankin kwata-kwata, don haka ba a fuskantar lokutan kamar yadda yake a akasarin kasashen duniya kuma awannin da rana take fitowa ko faduwar su ba ya canzawa.

Kwalambiya kasa ce da ke da dimbin yawa ta fuskar yanayi, daga yanayin daskarewa zuwa yanayin wurare masu zafi. Yana da manyan yanayi biyu: busasshe (daga Disamba zuwa Janairu da Yuli zuwa Agusta) da kuma rigar (daga Afrilu zuwa Mayu da Oktoba zuwa Nuwamba). Amma abin da ke sama ba yana nufin cewa sauyin yanayi a Colombia daidai yake ba. A hakikanin gaskiya, yawan nau'ikan yanayin kasa suna ba wa ƙasar babban yalwar shimfidar wurare, ɗakunan zafi da kuma bambancin halittu.

Daidai, godiya ga wannan iri-iri, matafiya suna da damar zaɓar mafi kyawun lokacin don ziyartar Colombia dangane da ko sun fi son zafi ko sanyi. Don bayyana lokacin da za a tafi ƙasar, ya fi kyau gano game da yanayin zafi da za ku iya cin karo da shi don kasancewa cikin shiri don kowane yanayi.

Menene yanayin yankin Colombia?

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  • Yanayin zafi: A cikin yankuna da wannan yanayin yanayin zafi ya wuce 24 ° C, kamar yadda yake faruwa a cikin Pacific (inda zaku iya kallon whales na humpback) a gabar tekun Caribbean (inda wurin shakatawa na Tayrona National Natural Park yake da kuma inda shahararren bikin Carnival na Barranquilla) da San Andrés (makoma tare da kyawawan rairayin bakin teku don ruwa da kuma yin sauran wasannin ruwa).

 

  • Yanayin zafi: Yanayin zafin jiki tsakanin 17 ° C da 24 ° C a yankuna kamar su Cali (gidan shahararren baƙon Cali) da kuma a cikin Medellín (inda ake bikin baje koli na Furewa).

 

  • Cold canjin yanayin: A cikin yankunan da ke da irin wannan yanayin, yanayin zafin yana tsakanin 12 ° C da 17 ° C. Wannan shi ne batun Bogotá, babban birnin Colombia. Birni wanda ya haɗu da al'ada da zamani wanda aka sani da Athens na Kudancin Amurka. Ziyara mai mahimmanci don yin a Bogotá shine Gidan Tarihi na Zinare.Yana da mahimmanci don koyo game da wayewar wayewa kafin zamanin Ispaniya ko sanannen labarin El Dorado.

 

  • Mun tsaya: A cikin waɗannan yankuna, yanayin zafi yana tsakanin 6 ° C da 12 ° C. Wannan shine batun Chingaza National Natural Park, wata taska ta ƙasa wacce take a gabashin Cordillera a yankin Andean a Colombia. Halittu kamar masu ta'aziya, beran Andean da barewa masu fari-fari suna zaune a nan.

 

  • Yankunan kabilanci: Yanayin da ke ƙasa 6 ° C ana gogewa anan. Wannan haka lamarin yake a cikin Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, wanda ke arewacin Colombia a gabar Tekun Caribbean, inda zaku je yawon shakatawa.

Hoto | Pixabay

  • Gandun daji masu zafi: Tare da yanayin zafi da ya wuce 27 ° C, gandun daji na wurare masu zafi suna da zafi da zafi. Wannan shine batun gabar tekun Pacific, Magdalena da Catatumbo basins da Amazon, dajin da ya fi kowane yanki da dausayi a doron duniya inda zaku more yanayin farin ciki. Ruwa yana da yawa a duk shekara, kasancewar watan Maris ne lokacin da suka kai matsayin mafi girman darajar su. Koyaya, mafi ƙarancin ruwan sama yana faɗi tsakanin Yuni zuwa Satumba. Saboda haka, saboda ƙarancin ruwan sama, watannin Yuli da Agusta sune mafi kyawun lokacin tafiya zuwa Amazon.

 

  • Steppe na wurare masu zafi: An san shi da ƙarancin ruwan sama, yanayin zafi da ƙarancin ciyayi. Misalai biyu sune hamadar Candelaria a cikin Boyacá ko La Guajira, wanda ke tattare da manyan dunes na yashi da shimfidar wuraren hamada. Anan zaku iya ziyartar ranchería don gano al'adun mutanen asalin Wayuu.

 

  • Yanayin Savannah: An gabatar a cikin Orinoquia, Bolívar, Arewacin Huila da tsakiyar kwarin Cauca. Yana da halin bushewa da lokacin damina, tare da ciyawar ciyawa.

 

  • Yanayin damuna: Ana gabatarwa a cikin Caquetá, Vaupés, wani ɓangare na Antioquia da Córdoba. Rainananan ruwan sama, bambancin zazzabi mai ƙarfi da ƙananan ciyawar daji.

Wani lokaci ne mafi kyau don tafiya zuwa Colombia?

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Mafi kyawun lokacin tafiya zuwa Colombia ya dogara da yankin da kuke son ziyarta a lokacin hutunku. Hasasar tana da babban bambancin yanayin ƙasa wanda ke fassara zuwa mahimman shimfidar wurare daban-daban, yalwar halittu da yanayi.

Alal misali, A cikin yankuna na Andean, mafi kyawun lokacin don sanin wannan wurin shine watannin Yuli da Agusta saboda a wannan lokacin akwai yanayin dumi da ƙarancin ruwan sama., wanda ya dace don tafiya. A wannan lokacin dole ne ku saka tufafi masu ɗumi a cikin akwatin ku (saboda yana yin sanyi a faɗuwar rana kuma dare na iya yin sanyi). Hakanan yana da kyau a kawo abin shafa hasken rana, saboda tsayin yankin zai iya sanya ka konewa cikin sauki koda kuwa yanayin zafin bai yi yawa ba.

Don zuwa biranen da ke yankin Amazon kamar su Leticia, lokutan da suka fi dacewa su ne watannin Yuli da Agusta saboda duk da cewa akwai ruwan sama amma kuma yana da zafi duk tsawon shekara a gabar arewacin Pacific. Don zuwa bakin tekun Kudancin Pacific a waɗannan watannin ma sun fi dacewa. Hakanan, Yuni da Satumba sun dace don ziyartar wannan yankin. Tsakanin Disamba da Afrilu shine mafi kyawun lokaci don ziyartar gabar tekun Caribbean.

Idan kana son tafiya zuwa Kolombiya don jin daɗin furannin fure, to dole ne ka yi tafiya a farkon lokacin damina saboda a karshen za a iya samun ambaliyar ruwa a wasu yankunan kasar. Ban da keɓaɓɓu shine yankin da ke kewayen Bogotá da gabar tekun Caribbean.

Hakanan, yayin shirin tafiya zuwa Colombia dole ne ku tuna cewa mafi girman yankin ƙasar da kuka je, mafi ƙarancin waɗannan ƙasashe za su kasance. Misali, tsaunukan tsaunuka suna rufe dusar ƙanƙara a tsawan mita 4.500. Tare da duk waɗannan bayanan game da yanayin ƙasar Kolombiya, za ku kasance a shirye don fara damarku a cikin wannan kyakkyawar ƙasar Kudancin Amurka.


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