Yankunan Colombia

Caño de Cristales a cikin Orinoquia

Colombia ita ce kasa ta huɗu dangane da faɗaɗa a Latin AmurkaDon ba ku ra'ayi, a cikin ɓangaren nahiyoyin akwai Spain guda biyu kuma saboda girman haɓaka, akwai yankuna da yawa na Colombia waɗanda ke da bambanci sosai.

Isasar ta ƙetara ta tsaunin tsaunin Andes da yankin Amazon, kuma ita kaɗai ce ƙasa a Kudancin Amurka da ke da bakin teku a tekun Atlantic da Pacific. Ba tare da bata lokaci ba, za mu kara sanin kadan game da yankuna na Kolombiya da abubuwan da suke da su.

Yankunan 5 na Colombia

Manyan yankuna biyar na Colombia ya:

  • Yankin Andean
  • Caribbean
  • Fasifik
  • Yankin Orinoquía
  • Amazon.

Kowane yanki na ƙasar Kolombiya an tsara shi a siyasance zuwa sassa, waɗanda kuma aka raba su zuwa ƙananan hukumomi, kuma waɗanda ke da babban birnin yanki.  A cikin duka akwai sassan 32, waɗanda ke cikin Colombia. Ina ba ku morean detailsan bayanai game da kowane ɗayan waɗannan yankuna da sassan su.

Yankin Andean, ko alwatika na zinariya

Catatumbo

Taya zaka iya yi tunanin yankin Andes yana da mamaye tsaunukan Andes, shine mafi yawan mutane a cikin ƙasar, kuma a cikin sa akwai manyan garuruwa: Bogotá, Medellín da Cali, saboda haka an san shi da alwatika na zinare. Hakanan yanki ne na manyan wuraren shakatawa na ƙasar.

Yanzu zan lissafa sassan wannan yanki tare da manyan biranensu a cikin iyaye.

  • Antioquia (Medellín, birni ne na bazara na har abada)
  • Boyacá (Tunja), Caldas (Manizales, a tsakiyar yankin kofi)
  • Cundinamarca (Bogotá, babban birnin ƙasar)
  • Huila (Neva)
  • Arewacin Santander (Cúcuta, iyaka da Venezuela)
  • Quindío (Armeniya)
  • Risaralda (Pereira)
  • Yaren Santander (Bucaramanga)
  • Yaren Tolima (Ibagué)

Yankin Caribbean, inda mafi kyau ya zama mafi

Caribbean

Yankin arewacin Colombia shine wanda Tekun Caribbean yake wanka dashi, kuma a ciki akwai wasu sanannun rairayin bakin rairayin bakin teku, kuma wanda suka ce shine gari mafi kyau duka: Cartagena de Indias, UNESCO kanta ta bayyana shi a matsayin mafi kyawun birni a Latin Amurka ... Ba zan kasance wanda zan ce akasin haka ba. A wannan yankin kuma zamu iya samun tarin tsibirin San Andrés da Providencia. Abin sha'awa, zaku iya ziyarci Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, tsauni mafi tsayi a cikin duniya wanda ke da halaye taimakon yan mulkin mallaka.

Bayan bin layi ɗaya, Na yi cikakken bayani kan sassan da ke cikin yankin Caribbean tare da manyan biranensu:

  • Atlantic (Barranquilla)
  • Yaren Bolívar (Cartagena de Indias)
  • Yaren Cesar (Valledupar)
  • Cordoba (Montería)
  • La Guajira (Riohacha), Magdalena (Santa Marta)
  • San Andrés, Providencia da Santa Catalina (San Andrés)

Pacific, babban bambancin

Kolombiya ta Kolombiya tana ɗaya daga cikin yankuna na Kolombiya da ke ba da mafi girman bambancin duniya, tare da ɗayan mafi girman ƙimar nau'ikan a kowace murabba'in mita. Yankin yana da wuraren shakatawa na halitta guda bakwai, tsirrai da tsattsauran dabbobi, a tsibirin Malpelo, kuma idan hakan bai isa ba akwai hangen nesa da ke tsakanin kifayen whale, tsakanin Yuli zuwa Nuwamba, zaku iya yin la'akari da su. Yawancin zuriyar zuriyar Colombia sun zauna a ƙasarta.

Sassan Yankin Pacific sune:

  • Yaren Choco (Quibdó)
  • Kwarin Cauca (Cali)
  • Yaren Cauca (Popayán)
  • Distance Watsa-Nariño (Pasto)

La Orinoquía, inda sararin sama ba shi da iyaka

Orinoquía yanki ne na filayen gabas, yana zaune kusa da Kogin Orinoco. A cikin wannan yankin ne inda nisan kilomito na Kolombiya yake, cibiyar cibiyarta, a Puerto López.  A cikin Sierra de la Macarena zaku sami Caño Cristales, wanda suke kira kogin alloli ko launuka biyar, saboda godiya ga tsire-tsire na ruwa da ke ciki akwai yankuna masu launuka daban-daban, waɗanda ke haifar da jin daɗin kasancewa a ciki gaban bakan gizo mai narkewa.

Sassan wannan yanki sune:

  • Manufar (Villavicencio)
  • Yaren Vichada (Puerto Carreño)
  • Yaren Casanare (Yopal)
  • Arauca (Arauca)

Amazon, tsarkakakken daji mai yawan sha'awa

Amazon

Aƙarshe, za a sami sassan yankin Amazon, waɗanda bisa al'ada suke:

  • Amazon (Leticia)
  • Caquetá (Florence)
  • Yaren Guainía (Puerto Inírida)
  • Yaren Guaviare (San José)
  • Distance Buka-Putumayo (Mocoa)
  • Yaren Vaupés (Mitú)

Amma ana la'akari da wasu ƙananan hukumomi a cikin sassan Nariño, Cauca, Meta da Vichada, waɗanda ke cikin tsarin Orioquía.

Wannan yankin, kasancewar shine mafi girma a yankin ƙasa, tunda ya shiga cikin dajin Amazon, yanki ne mafi ƙarancin jama'a, watakila saboda shine mafi yawan gandun daji. Abin takaici, yawancin ayyukan tattalin arziƙin da a yau ke faruwa a cikin Amazon ba sa kiyaye jituwa tare da shimfidar wuri ko tare da mazaunan ƙasar.

Kamar yadda kuke gani, Kwalambiya tana da banbanci sosai, kuma ku tuna cewa ƙasa ce mai kabilu da yawa tare da sanannun 'yan asalin ƙasar guda 84, da yarukan harsuna 60, da kuma asalin Afro wanda, kasancewar su tsiraru, ya wuce 10% na yawan jama'ar.

Yankuna na asali a cikin sassan

'Yan asalin ƙasar Colombia

Na gaya muku cewa waɗannan yankuna ne na Kolombiya, tare da sassan da manyan biranensu, akwai kuma amincewa ga yankuna na asali tun daga Kundin Tsarin Mulki na 1991.

Waɗannan yankuna yan asalin ƙasar Colombia an kirkiresu ne ta hanyar yarjejeniya tsakanin gwamnati da al'ummomin asali. Idan waɗannan sun shafi yanki ko karamar hukuma sama da ɗaya, ƙananan hukumomi suna kula da su tare da majalisun 'yan asalin. Bugu da kari, wadannan yankuna na asali na iya zama mahaɗan yanki idan sun cika wasu buƙatu. Yankunan yan asalin sun mamaye kusan yanki mai fadin kadada 31.000, kuma galibi ana samunsa a sassan Amazonas, Cauca, La Guajira, Guaviare da Vaupés.

Politicalungiyoyin siyasa na sassan

Ci gaba da ƙungiyar siyasa ta yanki na Colombia, yana da kyau ka san hakan kowane sashe yana da taron majalisa, na tsakanin wakilai 11 zuwa 50, da aka zaba a zabukan kowace shekara 4, tare da cin gashin kai na gudanarwa da kuma kasafin kudinta. Hakanan ana zaɓen gwamnan kai tsaye ta hanyar dimokiraɗiyya, duk mutanen Colombia waɗanda shekarunsu suka wuce 18, mazaunan sashen, koda kuwa an haife su ne a wani, da katin zama ɗan ƙasa da kuma cancantar na iya yin zaɓe. Gwamnan ba zai iya tsayawa takara ba.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya sanya kanku a kan taswirar siyasa da yanayin ƙasa ta Colombia, ƙasa mai kyau kamar yadda take da banbanci daga wacce muke fatan mun koya muku abubuwa da yawa game da Yankunan Colombia.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.