Labari na Amazons

Hoto | Pixabay

A cikin shahararren tunani, Amazons jarumawa ne kuma jarumawa ne waɗanda suka yi yaƙi a Farisa ko Girka ta dā suna harbin baka a kan doki. Akwai tatsuniyoyi da yawa game da su kuma da yawa suna mamakin shin akwai gaskiya a cikinsu.

Idan kai ma ka taɓa yiwa kanka wannan tambayar, a rubutu na gaba zan yi magana game da tatsuniyoyin Amazons, ko su wanene, daga ina suka zo da abin da muka sani game da su.

Wanene Amazons?

Labarin game da Amazons da ya zo mana ya dace da tatsuniyar Girka. A cewarta, Amazons tsoffin mayaƙan mayaƙa ne waɗanda suka mallaki mata kuma suka kafa su.

Girkawa sun bayyana su a matsayin jajirtattu kuma kyawawa amma mata masu hatsari da fada. Ya kamata a ce suna zaune ne a wani yanki mai mulkin mallaka wanda babban birninta shi ne Themiscira, a cewar Herodotus, wani birni mai garu a cikin yankin da zai zama arewacin Turkiyya a yanzu.

A cewar wannan masanin tarihin, Amazons sun yi hulɗa da mutanen Scythian kuma sun ƙaunace su amma ba sa son a keɓe su cikin rayuwar gida, don haka suka ƙirƙira sabuwar al'umma a filin jirgin saman Eurasia inda suka ci gaba da al'adun kakanninsu. .

Koyaya, akwai ƙananan gyare-gyare a cikin labaran da ake ba da labarin Amazons. Misali, A cewar Strabo, kowace shekara Amazons suna kwanciya da maƙwabta maza don haifuwa da ci gaba da layin. Idan sun haifi mace, jaririn zai girma tare da su a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin Amazon. A gefe guda kuma, idan sun haifi ɗa, sun mayar da shi ga maza ko a cikin mafi munin yanayi, sun watsar da shi ko suka yanka shi.

Ga marubuta kamar Paléfato, Amazons basu taɓa wanzuwa ba amma sun kasance maza waɗanda aka kuskuren mata saboda sun aske gemu.

Shin Amazons sun wanzu?

Hoto | Pixabay

Na dogon lokaci, tatsuniyar Amazons kawai haka ce: almara. Koyaya, a cikin 1861 malamin gargajiya Johann Jakob Bachofen ya wallafa wata takaddama wacce ta iza wutar zato game da wanzuwar su kamar yadda ya tabbatar da cewa Amazons na gaske ne kuma bil'adama sun fara ne a karkashin mulkin matata.

A halin yanzu, yawancin masu bincike suna jayayya cewa tatsuniyar Amazons na iya zama ainihin tushe. A ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, an sami necropolis kusa da kan iyakar tsakanin Kazakhstan da Rasha, inda aka gano ragowar matan da aka binne tare da makamansu.

Gano ɗan lanƙwashin kibiya a jikin wata mace wacce da alama ta mutu a yaƙi yana da ban mamaki sosai. Hakanan ƙasusuwa na ƙafafun ƙafafun budurwa wacce ta yi maganar rayuwa a kan doki.

Binciken daban-daban da aka gudanar ya nuna cewa matan 'yan Scythians ne, ƙabilar makiyaya da ta wanzu shekara dubu da ta dace da zamanin zamanin Girka (ƙarni na XNUMX zuwa XNUMX na zamanin Kristi). Piecesungiyoyin sun yarda: a cikin ƙaurarsu mutanen Scythian sun isa Turkiyya ta yau, inda bisa ga labarin tatsuniyoyi da sun halarci Yaƙin Trojan. A zahiri, an ambaci cewa jarumin Girka Achilles yana da duel a Yaƙin Trojan da Penthesilea, sarauniyar Amazon 'yar Ares.

An banbanta ta da yawan ayyukanta a Troy yayin kewaye ta kafin Achilles ya kayar da ita ta hanyar daba kirjinta da mashi. Ganin ta mutu, Achilles ya firgita da kyawunta kuma ya binne ta a bakin Kogin Scamander.

Fiye da kashi ɗaya cikin uku na matan Scythian da aka samu a wasu wurare daban-daban an binne su tare da makamansu kuma da yawa suna da raunin yaƙi, kamar yadda maza suka yi. Wannan yana nuna cewa zasu iya yin yaƙi tare da maza kuma a cikin waɗannan alamun ana iya samun tushen tatsuniyar Amazons.

Menene tatsuniyar Amazons ke faɗi?

Hoto | Pixabay

Labarin na Amazons mai yiwuwa ƙari ne game da gaskiyar da wasu masana tarihi na Girka suka yi kamar Herodotus waɗanda suke so su ba da wani almara ga mutanen mashahuran mayaƙa. Duk abin da alama yana nuna cewa kawai magana ce ta mayaƙan Scythian, waɗanda suka zama sananne a cikin duniyar gargajiya don ikon harbi da baka da mamaye hawa doki.

Kalmar amazon ta fito ne daga Girkanci "amanzwn" wanda ke nufin "waɗanda ba su da nono." Wannan yana nuni ne ga aikin da Amazons ke aiwatarwa tare da 'yan mata yayin haihuwa, wanda aka yanke nono domin lokacin da suka girma zasu iya rike baka da mashi.

Idan muka kalli ayyukan fasaha wanda Amazons na Amazonia ke wakilta, ba zamu ga alamun wannan aikin ba saboda koyaushe suna bayyana tare da nonon biyu duk da cewa da dama an rufe su. A cikin sassaka, Amazons an wakilta suna yaƙi da Helenawa ko waɗanda suka ji rauni bayan waɗannan haɗuwar.

A gefe guda kuma, an ce Amazons sun kafa birane da yawa ciki har da Afisa, Smyrna, Paphos, da Sinope. A cikin tatsuniyoyin Girka yawan mamayewar sojoji na Amazons ya yawaita kuma suna wakiltar a matsayin abokan gaban Helenawa.

Wadannan labaran suna yawan fada game da fada tsakanin sarauniyar Amazon da gwarazan Girka, misali yakin Penthesilea da Achilles a yakin Trojan ko kuma duel na Hercules da Hippolyta, 'yar'uwar wanda ta gabata, a matsayin wani ɓangare na ɗayan ayyukansa goma sha biyu. .

An kuma ce cewa Amazons sun fito ne daga Ares, allahn yaƙi, kuma daga sunan mai suna Harmony.

Wanene Amazons suka yi wa sujada?

Hoto | Pixabay

Kamar yadda ake tsammani Amazons suna bautawa allahiya Artemis kuma ba allah ba. Ta kasance 'yar Zeus da Leto, tagwayen' yar Apollo kuma allahiyar farauta, dabbobin daji, budurci, budurwa, haihuwa. Bugu da ƙari, an yaba masa da sauƙaƙe cututtukan mata. Dangane da tatsuniyoyin, Artemis ta kasance jagora ga waɗannan mayaƙan jarumi saboda salon rayuwarsu.

An danganta Amazons tare da ginin babban haikalin Artemis, kodayake babu tabbatacciyar shaidar wannan.

Menene shahararrun Amazons?

  • penthesilea- Sarauniyar Amazon wacce ta halarci yakin Trojan tare da karfin gwiwa a yakin. Ya mutu a hannun Achilles kuma Antianira ya gaje shi a kan gadon sarauta. Wai shi ne ya kirkiri hatcht din.
  • anti fushi: An ce ya ba da umarnin yanka maza lokacin da aka haife su saboda gurguwa ya sa soyayya ta fi kyau.
  • Hippolyta: 'yar'uwar Penthesilea. Ya mallaki bel na sihiri wanda ikon sa ya bashi dama akan sauran mayaƙa a fagen fama.
  • Melanippe: 'yar'uwar Hipólita. An ce Hercules ta sace ta kuma don neman 'yancinta ta nemi belin sihiri na Hippolyta.
  • Otrera: ƙaunataccen allah ne Ares kuma mahaifiyar Hipólita.
  • Myrin: Kayar da Atlanteans da sojojin Gorgons. Ya kuma mulki Libya.
  • Talestria: Amazon sarauniya kuma ance ta yaudari Alexander the Great.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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