Asalin Gidan Orange-Nassau, gidan masarautar Dutch

Orange-Nassau
A cikin wannan labarin za mu ɗan tattauna game da Gidan Orange-Nassau (Yaren mutanen Holland: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), reshe na gidan Nassau wanda ya taka rawar gani a tarihin Netherlands, da na Turai.

Mahaifin ƙasar Holand shine William na Orange, kuma aka sani da William Taciturn wanda ya jagoranci tayar da kayar bayan da Holan ya yi wa mulkin Spain da cewa bayan fiye da shekaru tamanin na yakin da ya haifar da kirkirar kasa mai cin gashin kanta da aka sani da Lardunan Hadaddiyar Daula.

Da yawa daga cikin membobin gidan Orange-Nassau sun halarci yaki kuma daga baya lokacin 'yanci a matsayin gwamnoni ko dokoki, amma yana cikin A cikin 1815, bayan wani lokaci a matsayin jamhuriya irinta, Netherlands ta zama masarauta wacce mambobin gidan Orange ke mulki.

An kafa daular Orange-Nassau ne sakamakon matrimonio tsakanin Henry III na Nassau-Breda na Holy Roman Empire da Claudia de Châlon, daga Burgundy ta Faransa. Kuma ɗansa René de Châlon shi ne wanda ya fara karɓar sabon sunan iyali na Orange-Nassau, William I the Taciturn shi ne ɗan dan uwansa kuma magajinsa kuma ya zama Yariman Orange a 1544, lokacin yana ɗan shekara goma sha ɗaya. Don haka Emperor Carlos V (Spain) yayi aiki a matsayin mai mulkin masarauta har sai Guillermo ya karɓi ragamarta. Charles V ya bukaci magajin ya sami ilimin Katolika kuma ya yi karatu a ƙarƙashin kulawar Mariya ta Austria, 'yar'uwar sarki kuma mai mulkin masarautun Habsburg a Netherlands.

A karshen karni na goma sha bakwai, memba na dangin masarautar Dutch kuma ya zama Sarkin Ingila wanda ke daukar suna William III, sakamakon juyin juya halin da ya kori James II.


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