Tarihi da al'adun Holland

Tun da Matsakaicin Zamani, yankin Holland Ba kawai ta kafa kanta a matsayin ɗayan yankuna masu ci gaba a Turai ba amma har ila yau, a matsayin ɗaya daga cikin maƙasudin siyasa. A lokuta daban-daban, burin sarakunan Faransa da sarakuna na Masarautar Rome mai tsarki na barazanar haɗa shi zuwa yankin.

A karni na 16, tasirin masarauta ya ci wasan; Netherlands ta zama, ta wani ɓangare, ta hanyar dangantakar sarauta, da aka haɗe zuwa daular Habsburg mai girma. Ya saba wa dokar Habsburg cewa galibin lardunan arewacin Furotesta na Netherlands, wanda William na Orange da Nassau suka jagoranta, suka yi tawaye a 1568.

Gwagwarmayar samun 'yanci, wacce ta ci gaba har zuwa 1648, ta kuma ga ci gaba mai ban mamaki a cikin ikon ruwan tekun Dutch (al'amarin da masana tarihi ba su gamsarwa gamsasshe ba), saboda an ƙwace dukiyar Spain da Portugal da ke cikin Sabuwar Duniya da Gabashin Asiya.

Karni na 17, abin da ake kira 'Zamanin Zinare', shi ma ya shaida ci gaban fasaha da al'adu, wanda ya sanya ƙaramar amma ƙasa mai arziki a sahun gaba a al'adun Turai. A 1689, William III na Orange shima ya zama Sarkin Ingila, kodayake ƙungiyar ta rabu a kan mutuwarsa a shekarar 1702. A cikin ƙarni na 18, ikon Netherlands ya ragu kuma ya shiga cikin masarautar Napoleon a 1810. Daga bisani, the dukkanin yankin Netherlands sun sake haɗuwa a taƙaice (1814-1830).

A cikin 1848, an yiwa Kundin Tsarin Mulki kwaskwarima, ya bar masarauta iyakance iko ne. Netherlands ba ta shiga yakin duniya na daya ba, amma ta wahala matuka sakamakon mamayar da ‘yan Nazi suka yi a shekarar 1940. diflomasiyyar Dutch bayan yakin ta mayar da hankali kan kara hadin kan Turai.

 Waɗannan ƙoƙarin sun ƙare a 1957, lokacin da Netherlands ta zama ɗaya daga cikin mambobi shida na Communityungiyar Tarayyar Turai. A rabi na biyu na 1991, Dutch ta riƙe Shugabancin EC ɗin kuma suna da alhakin shirya babban taron a Maastricht a watan Disamba 1991, wanda aka ƙirƙira don yanke shawara game da makomar haɗakar EU cikin manufofin tattalin arziki da siyasa. sauran yankuna.

Gabaɗaya, Yaren mutanen Holland sune Turawa masu sha'awar himma kuma abubuwan da suke so yafi alaƙa da abubuwan mallaka na inasashen Caribbean (Netherlands Antilles, Suriname) da Indiyawan Gabas.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Daniela m

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