Roman Colosseum: tarihi da daukaka a cikin Madawwami City

Roman Colosseum a cikin Rome

Akwai dalilai da yawa don la'akari da Rome Dawwama Birni, amma ɗayansu, kuma mai yuwuwa mafi iko, yana zaune a cikin damar babban birnin Italiya don ƙididdige abubuwan tarihi masu yawa waɗanda tarihi ya ci gaba ƙarnuka da ƙarni. Kuma mafi kyawun misalin wannan tarin bai fi kyau ba Roman Coliseum, gidan wasan kwaikwayo wanda, tun lokacin da aka gina shi a karni na XNUMX AD,. yana ci gaba da haifar da rurin tsoffin dabbobi da kuma numfashin masu kashe gobara a cikin zuciyar Rome.

Roman Colosseum: tsoffin nishaɗi

Haihuwar Roman Colosseum cewa duk mun san yau ya faru ne a sakamakon halakar karamin filin wasan kwaikwayo na farko wanda karamin jami'in Statilio Taurus ya gina a Rome a Filin Mars, wanda aka lalata yayin Babban Wutar 64 AD Bayan bala'in, sarki Vespasian ya ba da umarni don ƙirƙirar sabon, mafi girma da ɗaukaka mai daraja tsakanin tsaunin Celio, Esquilino da Palatino suna cin gajiyar  da Domus Aurea wanda sarki Nero ya gina bayan gobarar 'yan shekarun baya.

A AD 72, an san shi da haka Flavian Amphitheater ya zama mafi girma a lokacinsa tare da m siffar Mita 188 a tsayi, mita 156 a faɗi da mita 57 a tsayi waɗanda suka haɗa layuka na tiers 8 tare da damar ɗaukar mutane dubu 50. Bayan ƙaddamar da irin wannan a cikin 80 AD, a wannan lokacin a ƙarƙashin umarnin Emperor Titus, an yi shelar kwanaki 100 na wasanni wanda har zuwa kusan gladiators 2 suka halaka. Kuma kamar yadda da yawa daga cikinku za su sani, batun nishaɗi a cikin Rome ta dā na iya zama mafi daɗi: ɗaruruwan nau'ikan nau'ikan jin daɗi, musamman damisa, suna cikin zurfin filin wasan kuma bayin da aka yi amfani da su azaman masu yin gladiators suna wakiltar yaƙi na yau da kullun. mutum da yanayin da ya farantawa waɗanda suka shiga wannan wurin rai. A zahiri, ana kuma yayatawa cewa Masarautar da kanta ta cika Koloseum da ruwa don wakiltar yaƙe-yaƙe na ruwa, kodayake a wannan lokacin babu wani labarin gaskiyar cewa, idan da gaske ne, zai zama abin birgewa.

Duk da sunan farko na Flavian Amphitheater, daga baya aka canza sunan zuwa Colosseum dangane da mutum-mutumin Nero an gina shi a tsakiyar ginin sunansa The Colossus of Nero.

Shahararren Colosseum da matsayinta na asalin cibiyar nishaɗin Roman na dindindin ya kasance har zuwa ƙarni na 1349, a wannan lokacin ne Cocin ta fara karɓar iko a kan ginin duk da cewa ba ta iya ɗaukar nauyin kiyayewarta. A cikin shekaru masu zuwa, Koloseum ya kasance yana da coci, an gina masaukai da kuma shaguna a kirjinta, travertine ya tsage daga tsarinta don gina wasu gine-gine kuma girgizar ƙasa ta XNUMX ta ƙare da yin Allah wadai da abin tunawa.

An yi sa'a, gyare-gyare daban-daban an fara su a farkon karni na XNUMX wanda ya ceci Colosseum daga durkushewa gaba daya.

Roman Colosseum, ɗayan abubuwan al'ajabi 7 na Duniya

Kwalejin cikin Rome

Bayan gyare-gyare, Colosseum ya sake dawowa da sanannen sa duk da abubuwan da ba a zata ba kamar lalacewar fashewar bam a lokacin Yaƙin Duniya na Biyu.

A ƙarshe, a cikin 1980 aka sanya Roman Colosseum Wurin Tarihi na Duniya ta Unesco kuma a cikin 2007 ya zama ɗayan Abubuwan Al'ajabi 7 na Duniyar Zamani, ambaci guda biyu wanda kawai ya tabbatar da fara'ar abin da ke ɗaya daga cikin manyan kayan tarihin Tsohon Duniya.

A yau, Colosseum yana haskakawa a cikin wannan Piazza del Colosseum, a ƙarshen Via del Foro Imperiali, a cikin tsakiyar Rome. An ba da shawarar tikiti don siyan abu na farko da safe a kan Palatine Hill kuma farashin su Yuro 12 ne don karɓar manyan yara, Yuro 7.50 ga mazaunan Tarayyar Turai tsakanin 18 zuwa 24 shekaru kuma kyauta ga mutanen da ke ƙasa da shekara 17 zuwa sama da 65 zaune a Tarayyar Turai.

Ziyara yawanci sun haɗa da hanya ta cikin manyan yankuna na Colosseum, gami da sanannen filin wasa inda aka shirya wasan kwaikwayo da kuma auna mitocin 75 x 44, labyrinth na karkashin kasa wanda daga ciki masu tsattsauran dutsen suka fito kuma rufinsa ya lalace, kogon ko wurin zama da kuma tsarin da aka shimfida wanda ke kewaye da wannan wurin tarihi tare da hangen wani babban jan hankali na Rome: ragowar Forumungiyar Roman da aka haɗa zuwa Colosseum ta hanyar Via Sacra.

Dandalin Roman

Abubuwan da ke tsohuwar tsohuwar daular Roman, waɗanda aka rufe su a cikin sararin samaniya kuma aka ciyar da su ta fadoji da basilicas, ya zama gidan kayan gargajiyar sararin samaniya mai ban sha'awa wanda ziyarar tasa ta cancanci gogewa ta hanyar haɗin tikiti wanda farashinsa yayi kama da na Roman Colosseum da cewa ba da damar ziyarar wannan, da Roman Forum da Dutsen Palatine, mafi girman tsaunukan Rome da wurin da aka gina wasu tsoffin gine-gine a cikin birnin.

Daga 8:30 na safe zuwa 19:15 na rana, Roman Colosseum ta buɗe ƙofofinta ga waɗanda suke neman su gano cikin ƙararrakin tsofaffin almara da hayaniyar masu sauraro waɗanda ƙarni da yawa suka halarci majalisarsa ba tare da sanin cewa ƙarni ashirin ba daga baya wannan ginin zai ci gaba da girmama wannan Madawwami City wanda shine (kuma zai ci gaba da kasancewa) Rome.

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

bool (gaskiya)