Cuba da asalin sunansa

Sunan Cuba

Ita ce tsibiri mafi girma a cikin Antilles kuma ɗayan mafi kyawun wuraren yawon shakatawa a cikin Caribbean. Wuri na musamman kuma na musamman don dalilai da yawa kuma tare da dogon tarihi mai ban sha'awa. Amma, Daga ina sunan Cuba ya fito? Menene asalin sunanta? Wannan ita ce tambayar da za mu gwada warwarewa a cikin wannan sakon.

Gaskiyar ita ce asalin kalmar Cuba kwata-kwata bashi da hujja kuma har yanzu shine batun da ke sabani tsakanin masana a yau. Akwai maganganu da yawa, wasu sun fi yarda da wasu, kuma wasu daga cikinsu suna da sha'awar gaske.


Da farko dai, dole a fayyace muhimmin abu: yaushe ne Christopher Columbus Ya isa tsibirin a karo na farko (a ranar 28 ga Oktoba, 1492), babu wani lokacin da ya yi tunanin yana taka ƙafa a cikin wata sabuwar nahiya. A zahiri, bisa ga kuskuren lissafin sa, wannan sabuwar ƙasar zata iya zama Cipango kawai (kamar yadda aka san Japan a lokacin), wanda ba'a la'akari da yiwuwar yin baftismar tsibirin ta kowace hanya.

mallaka a cikin cuba

Christopher Columbus ya isa tsibirin ne a ranar 28 ga Oktoba, 1492, yana jin karon farko kalmar "Cuba" daga bakin 'yan asalin ƙasar.

Shekaru daga baya, Mutanen Espanya sun yanke shawarar sanya sunan wannan binciken da sunan Tsibirin Juana, a cikin girmamawa ga saurayi yarima John, ɗa ɗa tilo na Bakalar Catoolicos. Koyaya, wannan sunan bai kama ba. Babu shakka, wannan ya sami tasirin ne daga rashin saurin mutuwa a 1497 na mutumin da aka kira shi ya zama magajin rawanin, yana ɗan shekara 19.

Bayan haka, ta hanyar dokar masarauta ta 28 ga Fabrairu, 1515, an yi ƙoƙari cewa sunan Cuba na asali shine na Tsibirin Fernandina, don girmama sarki, amma sunan wuri bai kama ba. A zahiri, ayyukan hukuma na rabi na biyu na karni na XNUMX tuni kawai suna magana ne kawai ga wannan yankin ƙarƙashin sunan Cuba.

Asalin asali

A yau mafi karbaccen bayani game da tambayar "daga ina sunan Cuba ya fito" shine na asalin asali.

Yawancin 'yan Cuba suna son ra'ayin cewa sunan ƙasarsu ta fito ne daga tsohuwar kalma ta asali: Kuba, ana amfani da shi a cikin yaren da Taínos. Wannan kalmar zata nuna "Land" ko "lambu." Dangane da wannan ka'idar, da Columbus ne da kansa zai ji wannan ɗariƙar a karon farko.

Bayan haka, yana yiwuwa wasu mutanen asalin tsibirin wasu tsibirai na Caribbean sun yi amfani da wannan kalmar, waɗanda yarukansu suka fito daga tushe ɗaya, dangin harsunan Arauca.

Kyuba

Daga ina sunan Cuba ya fito? A cewar wasu masana, yana iya nufin duwatsu da tuddai

A cikin tsinkaye na asali na asali, akwai wani bambancin da ke nuna cewa ma'anar wannan sunan zai iya kasancewa da alaƙa da wuraren da tsaunuka da tsaunuka suka fi yawa. Wannan kamar ana nuna shi tare da wasu wuraren sunayen da suka dace Cuba, Haiti da Jamhuriyar Dominica.

Mahaifin Bartolomé de las Casas, wanda ya halarci cin nasara da bisharar tsibirin tsakanin 1512 da 1515, ya nuna a cikin ayyukansa amfani da kalmomin "cuba" da "cibao" a matsayin kamannin manyan duwatsu da tsaunuka. A gefe guda, tun daga wannan har zuwa yau asalin asalin asalin Cubanacan zuwa yankunan tsaunuka na tsakiyar kasar da Gabas.

Don haka sunan Cuba zai kasance ɗayan waɗannan sharuɗɗan da yanayin ƙasa ya ba da sunan ƙasar ga ta. Abin baƙin cikin shine, rashin iliminmu na yanzu game da Taíno da Antillean ya hana mu tabbatar da wannan sosai.

Hasashe masu ban sha'awa game da asalin kalmar Cuba

Kodayake akwai yarjejeniya tsakanin masana tarihi da masana harshe game da inda sunan Cuba ya fito, akwai wasu ra'ayoyi masu ban sha'awa waɗanda suka cancanci ambata:

Ka'idar Fotigal

Akwai kuma wani Harshen Portuguese don bayyana inda sunan Cuba ya fito, kodayake a yanzu ba a ɗaukar la'akari da shi. A cewar wannan ka'idar, kalmar "Cuba" ta fito ne daga wani gari a kudancin Fotigal da ke dauke da wannan sunan.

Cuba, Fotigal

Mutum-mutumi na Columbus a garin Kyuba na Fotigal

"Cuba" ta Fotigal tana a yankin Baixo Alentejo, kusa da garin Beja. Oneayan ɗayan wuraren ne da ke ikirarin asalin garin Columbus (a zahiri akwai mutum-mutumi na mai ganowa a garin). Tunanin da ke goyon bayan wannan ka'idar shine cewa shi ne zai yi baftismar tsibirin Caribbean don tunawa da mahaifarsa.

Kodayake tsinkaye ne mai ban sha'awa, amma ba shi da tasirin tarihi.

Ka'idar Larabawa

Ko da ma fiye da na baya fiye da na baya, kodayake kuma yana da wasu magoya baya. A cewar ta, babban suna «Cuba» zai zama bambancin da kalmar larabci koba. Anyi amfani da wannan don tsara masallatan da dome ke hawa.

Ka'idar Larabawa an kafa ta ne a filin saukar Christopher Columbus, da Bariay bay, a halin yanzu a lardin Holguín. A can ne zai zama fasassun siffofin tsaunuka kusa da gabar teku da za su iya tunatar da mai kula da jirgin na kogin Larabawa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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