Tsabar kudin Misra ta da

tsohuwar tsabar zinariya

A duk tsawon tarihin Masar dinero kamar yadda muka san shi kawai ya taka muhimmiyar rawa a cikin ɗan kwanan nan. Da tsohuwar tsabar kudin Masar sun bayyana ne a matakin karshe, na Ptolemaic Misira.

Shekaru na dubbai, ana aiwatar da musayar kasuwanci ta hanyar musayar abubuwa. A cikin al'ummomin gona da na 'yanci kamar na masarautar fir'auna, ana yin musayar kayayyaki ta hanyar hatsi da kayayyakin yau da kullun.

Yayin da wayewar Masara ta bunkasa ta zama mai rikitarwa, ya sha bamban Matakan nauyi kuma an kirkiro tsarin ne domin sanya musanyar ta zama daya kuma mai amfani.

En El-Amarna An samo sandunan zinare da zobba waɗanda wataƙila aka yi amfani da su azaman kuɗi kusan 1.300 BC, kodayake babu shaidar tarihi game da wannan. Abin sha'awa, tsawon ƙarni gwal sanannen abu ne wanda tsofaffin maƙerin zinariyar Masar suke amfani dashi, ba azurfa ba, wanda aka ɗauka ƙarfe ne mai ƙarancin gaske.

A gaskiya da minted kudi (tsabar zinariya, azurfa da tagulla waɗanda tuni aka fara amfani da su a Girka da Asiya orarama) kawai sun isa ƙasashen Misira a ƙarshen Sabon Masarautar, kusan ƙarni na XNUMX kafin haihuwar Yesu ta hanyar kasuwanci da Girkawa da Phoenicians. Abin mamaki shi ne fir'auna na karshe na daular karshe, Nectanebo II, waɗanda suka ƙirƙira tsabar kuɗi kawai waɗanda aka sani: ɗakunan zinariya masu darajar tarihi da ƙididdiga, kodayake ba su taɓa yin yawo a cikin ƙasar Nilu ba a matsayin hanyar biyan kuɗi.

Tsabar kudi na Ptolemaic Egypt

A tsakiyar karni na XNUMX BC Misira ta zama wani bangare na babbar daular da aka gina ta Alexander the Great. Bayan mutuwarsa, janar-janar da abokai (waɗanda ake kira diadochos) an raba nasarorin. ZUWA Ptolemy Masar ta fadi. Zai kasance mai ƙaddamar da daular da za ta mamaye waɗannan ƙasashe har zuwa mamayar Rome.

tsohuwar tsabar kudi

Tetradrachm na azurfa daga Ptolemy I (305 BC)

Tare da daular Ptolemaic ne aka zo yin noman kuɗi a cikin hanyar gama gari. A mint a cikin birni na Memphis kuma daga baya wani mafi mahimmanci a Alexandria. Masarawa, waɗanda ba su taɓa amfani da kowane irin tsarin kuɗi ba tsawon ƙarni da ƙarni, sun ɗauki aan shekaru kafin su saba da ƙirƙirar kuɗi.

Tushen tsabar tsabar kudin Masar shine Nauyin Phoenicia, mai nauyin gram 14,2, wanda aka fi sani da ptolemaic nauyi. Wannan daidaitaccen ya bambanta da nauyin Attic, wanda ya fi yawa a cikin yankin Hellenic, saboda nauyi da girmansa: tsabar kuɗin Ptolemaic sun kasance mafi ƙanƙanci fiye da sauran tsabar kuɗin duniyar Girka.

da zane na wadannan tsabar kudi sun bi wani tsari da aka fayyace mai kyau: akasin haka koyaushe yana nuna tasirin sarki, yayin da yake nuna alamun daban-daban kamar gaggafa akan walƙiyar walƙiya, ko wakilcin gumakan Masar na dā kamar Isis da Osiris.

Saboda ƙarancin azurfa, yawancin kuɗin da aka fi amfani da su a Ptolemaic Egypt yawancinsu tagulla ne. Ptolemies sun ci gaba estaras da octodracmas na zinariya, tretradrachmas (kamar wanda yake cikin hoton da ke sama) da darachmas azurfa, ban da drachmas a cikin babban tagulla. A cikin lokacin kafin hadewar Roman, tagulla ya zama janar, ya maye gurbin azurfa.

Tsabar kuɗin Masar ta Masar

A 30 BC, bayan mutuwar CleopatraSarauniya ta ƙarshe ta daular Ptolemaic kuma babu shakka sanannen sanannen Tsohon Misira, Misira ta ci gaba da zama lardin Roman.

A kowane yanayi lardi ne da ke da matsayi na musamman, tunda ya dogara kai tsaye da sarki. Posaddamar da mulkin Roman ya kasance gaba ɗaya. Koyaya, kuɗin ƙasar Misira da Ptolemies suka ƙirƙira ya kasance yana gudana kusan kusan ƙarni ɗaya.

tsabar kudin azurfa

Dinare azurfa ɗauke da rubutu "Basilissa Kleopatra" (Sarauniya Cleopatra - Katin Hoto: Roma Numismatics, Ltd.

Romawa, koyaushe masu nuna yabo, sun sami ingantacciyar ƙungiyar zamantakewa a cikin sabon lardinsu. Bugu da kari, Ptolemaic Misira da tattalin arziki mai yawan gaske, musamman a Alexandria, babban birnin kasar. Don haka suka yanke shawarar kada su canza makircin da ke aiki daidai tsawon karni uku da suka gabata.

An sake amfani da Azurfa daga tsabar kuɗin Masarawa na dā don sarrafawa Roman tetradrachmas. Abubuwan ƙarfe masu tamani na waɗannan tsabar kuɗin sun yi ƙasa kaɗan, kawai 30%. Ba a taɓa yin Denarii da zinare a maƙullin Masar a duk zamanin mulkin Rome ba.

Abu mafi jan hankali game da wannan tsabar kudin shine wadatar kayan aikinta. A ciki an haɗo al'adun Masar da na Ptolemaic tare da hoton sarki wanda aka samo daga Rome.

Koyaya, akwai denarii da ake kira "Masarawa" waɗanda aka ƙirƙira a wasu sassan masarautar. Sanannen misali shine na tetradrachm na Cleopatra Selene II, 'yar Mark Antony da Cleopatra. Wannan tsabar kudin (wacce ta bayyana a kan waɗannan layukan) an yi ta ne a Mauretania kuma tana nuna a gabanta hoton kada a kogin Nilu tare da almara Basilissa kleopatra (Sarauniya Cleopatra) a Girkanci.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   roberto sagania m

    Ina matukar son tarihin tsabar kudi, waɗannan suna da kyau sosai

    1.    Karla m

      ka san wasu sunaye

  2.   yeseniya m

    Nawa ne darajar kudin? Kawu na da guda ɗaya kuma ina son sani.

  3.   valeria m

    babu ma me cusca

  4.   HERIKA m

    TSOHON FARKO

  5.   veronica m

    SANNU, INA DA SAMUN KUDI NA MISRA, DANGANE DA MAIGIRMA JIKO NA, TAFIYA TA DUNIYA, ME ZAN YI?

    1.    Diego lopez m

      manna shi a gindi

  6.   Andrew m

    CEWA GONORREA NISIQUIERA TA BAYYANA KAMAR YADDA TAKE

  7.   Diana m

    Wannan mutuwar ba ta nuna abin da ake kira su da yadda suke da daraja ba

  8.   Jonathan m

    Ina da wanda ya cancanci wannan kudin