Karin bayanai a tarihin kasar Norway

Tarihin kasar Norway

A bisa hukuma, da tarihin Norway Zai fara ne a shekara ta 872 Miladiyya, shekarar da aka kafa masarauta. Koyaya, tarihinta yana komawa sosai a cikin lokaci, daga Prehistory har zuwa yau.

A cikin wannan sakon zamu sake nazarin muhimman lokuta da abubuwan da suka faru a tarihin wannan al'ummar Scandinavia.

Gidauniyar Masarautar Norway (872)

A karni na XNUMX miladiyya mutanen da ke zaune a Tsibirin Scandinavia sun riga sun tabbatar da cewa mayaƙan mayaƙa ne kuma ƙwararrun masu tuƙin jirgin ruwa, don haka suka fara zamanin Yunkurin Viking.

Vikings (ko Norman) sun shuka ta'addanci a kan iyakar duk Turai, daga Tsibirin Birtaniyya zuwa Tekun Bahar Rum, har ma da faɗaɗa cikin cikin Rasha. Koyaya, a cikin yankunansu na asali sun kasu kashi biyu kuma suna ci gaba da sabani.

Takobi a cikin tsaunin Norway

Sverd i Fjell, "Takobi a cikin Dutsen". Abin tunawa don yakin Hafrsfjord da haihuwar Masarautar Norway.

Duk abin ya canza godiya ga adadi na Harald I na Kasar Norway, wanda ake kira "Harald the Fair" ko "Harald the Blond." Wannan shugaban Viking ya fara jerin yaƙe-yaƙe tare da dangin maƙwabta. Bayan nasarar sojojin ruwa a cikin yakin hafrsfjord A cikin 872, ya kafa Masarautar norway, wanda hakan ya faɗaɗa fiye ko throughasa ta cikin yankuna kudu na yanzu na ƙasar Norway da Sweden.

Marungiyar Kalmar (1389)

La Marungiyar Kalmar lokaci ne na mafi ɗaukaka na masarautun Scandinavia.

Margarita'Yar Sarkin Sweden, ta zama Sarauniyar Norway a 1372 bayan mutuwar mijinta, Sarki Haakon VI, sannan daga baya ta zama Sarauniyar Denmark bayan mutuwar ɗanta Olaf, wanda ya cancanci gadon sarauta. Bayan haɗe da kambin biyu a ƙarƙashin ikonsa, bai yi jinkirin tabbatar da haƙƙinsa ga kursiyin Sweden ba. Dole ne magoya bayansa su fuskanci soja tare da mabiyan sauran masu neman kujerar, Albert na Mecklenburg, wanda ya kayar a yakin alse (1389).

Taswirar Kalmar Union

Taswirar yankuna da Kalungiyar Kalmar ke sarrafawa

Hadin gwiwar masarautun guda uku ya zama jiki tare da sanya hannu kan Marungiyar Kalmar. Sabuwar jihar ta hada kan dukkan kasashen Scandinavia: Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Iceland, da Tsibirin Faroe.

Daren shekara 400

Sweden ta bar Kalmar Union a cikin 1523, kodayake Norway da Denmark sun kasance a dunkule har zuwa farkon karni na XNUMX. Koyaya, a cikin wannan ƙungiyar Norway kuma mazaunanta sun kasance cikin matsayi na ƙasƙanci da visar Denmark. A zahiri, an kafa babban birnin a Copenhagen.

Wannan lokacin faɗuwa ya ɗauki kusan ƙarni huɗu, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa aka san shi a tarihin Norway da '' Daren shekaru 400 '.

A 1814, bayan yakin Napoleonic da ya addabi tsohuwar nahiyar, da Yarjejeniyar Vienna wanda Denmark ya rasa ikon Norway. Duk da haka, ƙasar ba ta sake samun 'yancinta ba, amma ta shiga hannun Sweden.

'Yancin Yaren mutanen Norway (1905)

Aunar Norwegianasar ta Norway ta haɓaka a hankali a cikin ƙarni na 1905 yayin da ƙin karɓar rawanin Sweden ya girma. Kodayake akwai wasu rikice-rikicen tashin hankali da lokuta na tashin hankali, matsalar ba ta taɓarɓare ba kuma daga ƙarshe an warware ta cikin lumana a cikin XNUMX tare da taron na plebiscite.

Ta wannan hanyar, 'yan Norway sun sami damar zaɓar makomarsu da yardar kaina kan kafa masarauta ta kansu. Sabon sarki, Hakon VII, majalisar dokokin kasar Norway ce ta zabe shi. Wannan shine haihuwar ƙasar Norway ta zamani, tsarin mulkin masarauta da kuma masarauta tare da babban birni a Oslo.

Norway a lokacin Yaƙin Duniya na II (1940-45)

Duk da cewa kasar Norway ta ayyana kanta a matsayin kasar ba ruwanta a farkon yakin duniya na biyu, a cikin 1940 Nazi Jamus suka mamaye ƙasar da yiwuwar cewa daga ƙarshe zai haɗu da Allies.

Yakin ya kasance da sauri, tunda ɗan taimakon soja da 'yan Norway da suka samu daga Burtaniya bai isa ba. Da mamayar jamusawa a kasar Norway ya dore har zuwa watan Mayu na shekarar 1945. A wannan lokacin, kungiyar gwagwarmaya ta cikin gida ta taso, karkashin jagorancin Sarki Haakon VII da kansa.

Sarki Haakon VII

Sarki Haakon VII da danginsa a ranar 'Yanci (17 ga Mayu, 1945).

Bayan yakin, Norway ta sake samun 'yancinta kuma ta shiga cikin siyasar duniya, tare da hadin gwiwar kirkirar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya da shiga NATO a 1948.

Norway a yau

Arzikin da aka samu daga amfani da hydrocarbons (mai da gas) a cikin Tekun Norway da na Arewacin Arewacin kasar sun canza tattalin arzikin kasar matuka. A cikin 'yan shekarun da suka gabata kasar Norway ta daga matsayin matsakaiciyar tattalin arziki wacce ta dogara da kamun kifi da noma zuwa zama ɗayan ƙasashe masu ci gaba a Turai.

Norway ta ci gaba da tsarin siyasa da zamantakewar da kusan kowace ƙasa a duniya ke yaba wa. Misali cewa mai yiyuwa ne a cimma manufofi biyu na ci gaban tattalin arziki da adalci na zamantakewa.

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   manyan makarantu Mexico mexico m

    Norway ita ce mai tsaron gidan Argentina da ta tsere daga kurkuku

  2.   jami'ar los angeles california m

    Norway, ƙasar man fetur, sanannen sanannen matattarar kayan kwalliya wanda ke cikin gidan kayan tarihin Olympic na Thalidomine
    Ita ce ƙasa mafi arziki a cikin mai a cikin matsayi na 1, sai Sweden