Vikings a Sweden

Sunan "Wasan bidiyo»Marubutan kasashen waje ne suka fara amfani da shi a karni na 11 miladiyya. Asalinsa tabbas kalmar Sweden ce don bay, "Vik." Wannan yana nuna kusancin alaƙar da ke tsakanin mutane da teku, waɗanda a kanta suka dogara gabaki ɗaya da rayuwar su.

Suna da tatsuniyoyi na kansu. Ana kiran allolinsu "asar". Vikings galibi ana ɗaukarsu masu azanci, mashaya, ɓarayi marasa tausayi. A zahiri, babban aikin su shine noma da kasuwanci. Balaguron zirga-zirgar tafiye-tafiye galibi balaguron ciniki ne wanda wani lokaci yakan lalace zuwa ganima. Amma in fada gaskiya, akwai kuma wasu balaguro wadanda babban burinsu shi ne washe yankunan bakin teku na kasashen waje.

Yaren mutanen Sweden Vikings

A nan akwai bambanci tsakanin "Yaren mutanen Sweden" da "Danish / Norwegian" Vikings. Balaguro na Danish da na Yaren mutanen Norway sun tafi yamma, suna mai da hankali kan Yammacin Turai da Ingila. A Sweden, a gefe guda, ya yi gabas, galibi a Rasha a yau kuma daga baya zuwa Byzantium da Kalifa.

Runestones da kayan tarihin da aka samo a gabashin Sweden da kuma kan tsibirin Gotland sun nuna cewa kasuwanci tsakanin gabashin Sweden da Gabas ta Gabas yana da tsananin gaske a wannan lokaci a tarihi. Waɗannan balaguron sukan fara ne a manyan shagunan kasuwanci kamar "Birka", wanda ke kan tsibiri a Tafkin Mälaren, ba daf da yau daga Stockholm ba.

Vikings kuma sun zauna a garin Novgorod na Rasha, wanda suka kira "Holmgard." Yawancin lokaci tasirinsa kan rayuwar tattalin arziki da siyasa ya haɓaka kuma ya zama mai yanke hukunci. A cewar wani littafin tarihin da aka rubuta a karni na 12 miladiyya, Yaren mutanen Sweden Vikings sune suka kafa Rasha.

Kodayake wannan ba mai yiwuwa ba ne, har yanzu tasirin Vikings yana bayyane. Sunan Rasha misali, tabbas ya samo asali ne daga ɗayan sunayen Sweden Vikings, "mai ruser."


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