Kayan lambu na Venezuela

Flora na Venezuela

Filayen tsaunukan tsaunuka na gabar tekun Venezuela suna da halin gandun daji na savanna, xerophytes, mangroves, bushes, bishiyoyin kwakwa da inabin rairayin bakin teku.

Wannan nau'in ciyayi yana dacewa da yanayin da ake ciki, wanda ke da yanayin yanayin zafi mai yawa, ƙarancin ruwan sama da ƙimomin ƙoshin ruwa, waɗanda ke fifita yanayin rashin ruwa.

A yankin filayen Venezuela, dazuzzuka masu zurfafawa suna haɓaka tare da rafuka, kuma sun bambanta a faɗi da faɗi, wanda ke da alaƙa da savannas na ɓarkewa, a cikin kwari na jihohin Apure da Barinas, da kudancin jihar Guarico.

Wannan kwayar halittar tana buƙatar yanayin yanayi na yanayi, kuma ingantaccen yanayi mai ruwan sama da lokacin rani. Wasu daga cikin jinsin da aka fi sani sune jobo (Spondias lutea), ceri mai laushi (Cordia collococa), inga (Inga spuria), mangrove (Alchornea castanifolia), innabi na bakin teku (Coccoloba caracasana,) da barna (Crataeva tapia).

Ruwan sama mai yalwa a duk shekara halaye ne, kuma sakamakon haka, ƙasar tana da wadata sosai. Hakanan an san dazuzzuka da gandun daji masu dausayi. Wannan kwayar halittar tana ci gaba a manyan zafin jiki da yankuna masu danshi.

Babban biranen Venezuelan da ke tsakanin mita 1.000 zuwa 2.000 sama da matakin teku suna da matsakaicin yanayin zafi tsakanin 10 ° zuwa 20 ° C. Yawancin su suna kewaye da dazuzzuka kuma ruwan sama galibi yana kasancewa. Wannan halayyar yanayi tana fifita ciyayi masu tsayi, saboda laima da kasancewar hazo.

Saboda wannan, ferns, mosses, da sauransu, da orchids da bromeliads, suna bunƙasa a wannan yanayin. Mafi yawan bishiyoyi sune itacen al'ul na dutse (Cedrell montana), da kuma dabino, mata palo (Loranthus leptostachyus), da bishiyoyin bishiyoyi.


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