Me za a gani a Munich?

Marienplatz a cikin Munich

marienplatz

Me za a gani a Munich? Tambaya ce da ake yi wa ke shirin tafiya Bavaria, Germanasar Jamusawa wacce babban birninta yake. Dake bakin tekun Kogin Isar da arewa na Tsibirin Bavaria, an kafa garin a shekara ta 1157 ta Henry zaki, mafi karfin sarakunan Jamusawa na lokacinsa.

Yawancin abubuwan al'ajabi na gine-gine waɗanda zaku iya gani a Munich a yau saboda waɗancan lokutan ne. Amma kuma har zuwa lokacin sarki Louis II na Bavaria, wanda ake kira "Mahaukacin Sarki", wanda ya kasance babban majiɓinci ne kuma ya ƙawata birnin ƙwarai da gaske. A halin yanzu, babban birnin Bavaria shine birni na uku mafi girma a cikin Alemania ta yawan mazauna kuma ɗayan manyan cibiyoyin kuɗi na ƙasar. Hakanan ya bayyana a wasu nazarin kamar birni na uku da ke da darajar rayuwa mafi kyau a duniya. Idan kana so ka san shi, muna gayyatarka ka gano abin da zaka gani a Munich.

Abin da za a yi da gani a Munich

Inji mawaƙin Bajamushe Heinrich Heine cewa Munich gari ne wanda ke rayuwa tsakanin fasaha da giya. Kuma wannan shine, ga waɗanda suke son wannan abin sha, birni ne mai bautar gumaka inda kowace shekara shahararriya ce Oktoberfest. Amma sama da duka, babban birnin Bavaria yana da al'adun gargajiya na ban mamaki. Bari mu san shi.

Marienplatz, abu na farko da aka gani a Munich

Kodayake garin Bavaria ya girma da yawa, cibiyarsa ta ci gaba da zama Marienplatz o Santa Maria square. A ciki, mutanen Munich suna yin bikinsu kuma yana da wurare da yawa masu ban sha'awa.

Lamarin ne na tsohon ginin Hall Town, wanda aka gina a karni na XNUMX. Yana adana dukkan darajarsa ta Gothic tare da iska mai matsakaiciya da hasumiya mai tsayin mita hamsin da biyar wanda a yau ke da kyakkyawa gidan kayan gargajiya.

Matsayinta na zauren birni an maye gurbinsa da Sabon Garin Gari, wanda yake shi neo-gothic a cikin salo. Muna ba ku shawara ku ziyarce ta a cikin awanni goma sha ɗaya, sha biyu ko sha bakwai. Dalili shine lokacin da abin ban mamaki carillon yana aiwatar da adadi mai girman rai wanda ke wakiltar rawa don tunawa da shan kashi na annoba ta 1517. Bugu da ƙari, zaku iya hawa zuwa tsoro wanda, godiya ga tsayinsa tamanin da biyar, yana ba ku ra'ayoyi na ban mamaki game da birni.

Sabon Garin

Sabon Garin Garin Munich

Har ila yau, ya kamata ku gani a tsakiyar Marienplatz the Shafin Santa Maria, wanda aka girka a cikin 1638 don gode wa Budurwa don nasarar da ta yi kan mamayewar Sweden. Kuma a ƙarshe da Fischbrunnen, ƙaramar maɓuɓɓugar ruwa tun daga 1864.

Sauran wurare don gani a Munich

Abubuwan da ke sama ba shine kawai filin wasa mai ban mamaki da za a gani a Munich ba. Da Rariya, wacce tuta ce cocin Theatines, tare da kyawawan facet din Rococo wanda aka zana launin rawaya. Bugu da kari, wannan wurin yana dauke da wasu alamomin birni. Labari ne game da Feldhernhalle, loggia (hotan waje tare da arcades) wanda aka gina a cikin sura da surar Loggia dei Lanzi da ke Piazza de la Signoria a cikin Florence.

Na wani hali daban shine Konigsplatz, saitin abubuwan tunawa neoclassical wanda ya dace da sarki Maximilian I na Bavaria kuma wannan shine a cikin mafi yawan gundumar gidan kayan gargajiya na birni: kunstareal. A cikin wannan dandalin akwai Glyptotekda Propylaea da kuma Stateungiyoyin Tarihi na Jiha.

Cathedral na Uwargidanmu

An sani cikin Jamusanci kamar FrauenkircheWani ginin ne da za'a gani a Munich ba tare da uzuri ba. An gina shi a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX a kan ragowar tsohuwar cocin Romanesque, yana ɗayan manyan gine-ginen Gothic a Jamus. An yi shi da tubalin ja, yana ficewa don sauƙin fahimtarsa. Koyaya, nasu manyan hasumiyoyi guda biyu wadanda suka kammala cikin koren gidaje. A ciki, muna ba ka shawara ka ga bagaden Saint Andrew, kabarin Mai Alfarma na Rome Louis IV da kuma tagogin gilasai masu tabo wadanda suka tsira daga WWII.

Sauran majami'u su gani a Munich

Tare da Cathedral da Cathedral na Theatines, akwai wasu gidajen ibada guda biyu waɗanda dole ne ku ziyarta a Munich. A gefe guda, akwai Cocin St. Peter, wanda aka sani da Munich tare da Alter Peter da salon Renaissance. Kamar yadda yake tare da Sabon Ginin gari, zaku iya hawa siririnta tsoro daga gare ta akwai kyawawan ra'ayoyi na gari.

Kuma, a ɗayan, mai ban sha'awa Cocin San Miguel, wanda aka gina a ƙarshen karni na XNUMXth wanda aka ɗauka azaman samfurin Gesú a Rome. Yana amsa fasalin ƙarshen salon Renaissance, wanda ya rigaya ya canza zuwa Baroque. Cikinta zai baku mamaki da girman ta vault na mita ashirin, mafi girma bayan na San Pedro a cikin Vatican, kuma don kyawun babban bagadensa.

Cocin Theatines

Cocin Theatines

Gateofar Isar

Shine mafi tsufa daga cikin waɗanda aka adana a cikin garin Bavaria. A zahiri, mallakar tsohuwar tsohuwar bango ce kuma ta kare Munich a gefen Kogin Isar. Ya ƙunshi hasumiyar tsaro ta gefe biyu da kuma ta tsakiya mafi girma wacce a ƙarƙashinta akwai bakunan hawa uku. A cikin ku, kuna da gidan kayan gargajiya wanda aka sadaukar dashi ga mai ba da dariya Karl Valentin.

Kofar Nasara

Yana da halaye daban da na baya, tunda an gina shi a karni na XNUMX bisa ga canons neoclassical. A zahiri, ana yin wahayi zuwa gare ta Arch na Constantine, me zaka iya gani a ciki Roma. Yana da baka uku, wanda tsakiya ya fi girma. Kuma a saman su akwai mutum-mutumin karusar da zakuna suka zana wanda ke alama Bavaria.

Dole ne ku ga fadoji a cikin Munich

Dole ne mu fara da gaya muku game da abubuwan ban mamaki Neuschwanstein Castle, kodayake yana da nisan kilomita dari da talatin daga babban birnin Bavaria. Domin ita faɗar gaskiya ce ta tatsuniya saboda son zuciyar Sarki Louis II na Bavaria, wanda tuni muka yi ishara da shi.

An gina shi tsakanin 1869 da 1886, a lokacin da gidaje ba su da amfani ga yaƙi, amma duk da haka ɗayan abubuwan al'ajabi ne na Bavaria kuma ɗayan manyan wuraren tarihi da aka ziyarta a duk ƙasar Jamus. Amsa mai tarihin tsarin gine-gine kuma abin mamaki ne kwarai da gaske. A matsayin abin almara, zamu gaya muku cewa wahayi ne ga Walt Disney lokacin zana thean Gidan Kyawun bacci. Amma, komawa Munich, birni yana da kyawawan fadoji.

Neuschwanstein

Neuschwanstein Castle

Fada ko Gidan Sarauta

Tare da kimanin shekaru ɗari shida, gidan gidan sarakuna da yawa ne na Daular Wittelsbach. Babban gini ne wanda ya kunshi gine-gine da yawa da farfajiyoyi goma suka rabu. A ciki shi Highlights da Tsohuwar daki, wanda ya fara daga 1571 kuma shine babban zauren Renaissance a arewacin Alps. Yana kuma gidaje da Taskar Gidan Wittelsbach, tarin kyawawan kayan adon sarauta na na sarakunan Bavaria. Hakanan kuma lu'u lu'u lu'u shine Cuvilliés gidan wasan kwaikwayo.

Fadar Nymphenburg

An gina shi don amfani dashi azaman masaukin bazara ga sarakuna tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, yana cikin gabashin Munich. Yana da Salon Baroque kuma girman girman lambunan alfarmar zai baka damar sanin cewa suna da kananan fadoji hudu. Daya daga cikinsu, wanda ake kira amalienburgYana ɗayan kyawawan kyawawa a duk ƙasar Jamus. A halin yanzu, yana gidaje da Marstalmuseum, wanda aka keɓe don keɓaɓɓu da wasu abubuwa na dangin masarauta kamar tarin aininta.

Sauran gidajen sarauta

Kadan ban sha'awa amma daidai da kyau sune Fadar Dürkheim, wanda aka gina a cikin jan bulo a wajajen 1842 kuma a halin yanzu wurin zama ɗayan ɗayan tashoshin fasaha na Munich; da Schleissheim masarauta, Baroque abin al'ajabi a cikin duka salon sa da na kyawawan lambunan sa, da holstein fadar ko Akbishop, wanda ke amsa neoclassicism.

Gidajen tarihi na Munich

Mun riga mun ambata wasu mahimman gidajen tarihi a cikin Munich. Lamarin ne na hotuna uku, tare da zane-zane masu darajar gaske. Kuma ma na Glyptotek, wanda ke ɗauke da tarin kyawawan abubuwa na gumakan Girka da Roman. Hakanan zaka iya ziyarci Bavarian National Museum, wanda aka sadaukar da shi ga tarihin jihar da Munich take, da Gidan kayan gargajiya na Jamus, wanda zaku iya zagayawa ta tarihin kimiyya da fasaha.

Lambun Turanci

Ita ce mafi girma a wurin shakatawa a cikin garin Bavaria kuma muhimmiyar ziyara ce akan balaguronku zuwa gare ta. A zahiri, ya fi koren yanki yawa saboda ga kyawawan lambuna yana ƙara abubuwan jan hankali kamar su hasumiya ta China, daya gidan shayi na japan da wani haikalin Girkanci da ake kira Monopteros. Hakanan yana da babbar tabki a tsakiyar sa da kuma wuraren yin giya da yawa.

Tare da na baya, kuna da Lambun Italia ko Hofgarten kuma zaka iya ziyartar Filin shakatawa na Olympic, wanda aka gina don wannan taron a cikin 1972 kuma yana da hasumiya, da Olympiaturn, tsayi kusan mita dari uku da tsohon filin wasa na Bayern Munich.

Gidan Bavaria na Kasa

Bavarian National Museum

Alamar Viktualienmark

Sunan da aka ba wa kasuwa mashahuri a cikin Bavaria birni. Tana da murabba'in mita sama da dubu ashirin don siyar da abinci. Bugu da kari, ana gudanar da bukukuwa da dama a karshen shekara, dukkansu sun shafi abinci. Muna ba da shawarar ka yi yawo a cikin ta don shaƙar numfashin Munich.

Gidan giya na Hofbrauhaus

Yana iya ba ka mamaki cewa mun haɗa da giya a cikin abin da za ku gani a Munich. Koyaya, Hofbrauhaus ya fi wannan yawa. Labari ne game da komai alama ce ta al'adar giya ta gari. An kafa shi a 1589 kuma yana kusa da marienplatz. Yana da tarihi da yawa a baya kuma, idan kai mai son giya ne, ba za ka rasa shi ba ka sami wanda ke da farantin sausages, taɓar yatsa ko naman sa a farashi mai kyau.

Yaushe ya fi kyau tafiya zuwa Munich

A gaskiya, kowane lokaci na shekara yana da kyau a gare ku don zuwa Munich. Birnin gabatar da wani Yanayin nahiyoyi, tare da damuna mai sanyi da lokacin bazara. Matsakaicin yanayin zafi a na farkon yana kusan digiri uku a ma'aunin Celsius, yayin da na biyun kuma ashirin da hudu ne. Koyaya, a lokacin da ake cikin watanni masu sanyin yanayi, masu auna zafi zai iya faduwa kasa da sifiri kuma a watanni masu dumi har zuwa talatin.

Saboda haka, mafi kyawun lokacin don ziyartar Munich shine bazara. Akwai karin ruwan sama amma yanayin zafi yana da daɗi duk rana, musamman tsakanin jeri goma sha huɗu zuwa ashirin da ɗaya. Kari akan haka, galibi ba 'yan yawon bude ido kaɗan don haka zaku iya kawo ziyarar ku cikin nutsuwa.

Koyaya, kwanakin tafiyar ku zuwa garin Bavaria kuma ya dogara da abin da kuke son aikatawa a ciki. Misali, idan kuna son giya, muna bada shawarar watan Oktoba saboda wancan ne lokacin da Oktoberfest, gasar da baza ku rasa ba. A gefe guda, idan kuna da sha'awar yin kankara, mafi kyawun lokaci shine hunturu don haka zaka iya kusantar Alps kuma kayi aiki da shi. Hakanan, da Navidad Lokaci ne na musamman a cikin garin Bavaria. An kawata tituna da murabba'ai na tsohon garinta da walƙiya da ƙawa da kuma kasuwannin Kirsimeti. A kowane hali, kamar yadda muke cewa, Munich tana da abubuwan da za ta ba ku a duk shekara. Saboda haka, kowane kwanan wata yana da kyau a gare ku ku ziyarta.

Hofbrauhaus

Gurasar Hofbräuhaus

Yadda ake zuwa Munich

Kafin tunani game da abin da zaka gani a Munich, dole ne ka shirya tafiyarka kuma mahimmin abu shine yadda zaka isa garin Bavaria. Hanya mafi kyau don yin hakan ita ce ta hanyar jirgin sama. da Filin jirgin saman Franz Josef Strauss yana da nisan mil goma sha biyar kuma yana karɓar jirage daga ko'ina cikin duniya. Da zarar kun sauka, zaku iya hawa bas ko hanyar jirgin ƙasa, waɗanda suke aiki sosai. Dukansu sun bar ka a cikin Tashar Hauptbhanhof, A cikin gari. Don tafiya daga wannan zuwa yankin da kuka tsaya, zaku iya amfani da Metro.

Kuma wannan yana haifar mana da bayanin yadda ake zagayawa a Munich. Baya ga layin metro da yawa, wanda ake kira U- Ba, kana da trams ta farfajiya da cikakken sabis na motocin birni. Farashinsu bashi da tsada kuma akwai takin zamani. Amma sama da duka, kamar yadda aka sani ga duk ƙasar Jamus, suna aiki sosai kuma tare da kiyaye lokaci.

Koyaya, idan kuna son yin wasanni, zaku iya yin haya ɗaya keke don zagaye garin Bavaria, wanda ke da babbar hanyar hawa. A ƙarshe, akwai bas din yawon bude ido wannan yana ba ku damar bincika abubuwan da suka fi ban sha'awa na Munich. Yana yin hanyoyi uku. Wanda yake ja ya bi ta cikin tsohon garin, yana tsayawa a Marienplatz da cocin Theatine. Launi mai laushi yana zuwa Fadar Nymphenburg. Kuma mai shudi ya dauke ka zuwa Lambun Turanci.

A ƙarshe, idan kuna mamakin abin da za ku gani a Munich, za mu gaya muku abin da yake kyakkyawan birni mai cike da jan hankali. Yana da kyawawan al'adun gargajiya, yankuna masu ban sha'awa da raye raye a kowane awowi.


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