Rickshaw, jigilar gargajiya ta kasar Sin

jigilar gargajiya ta kasar Sin

A cikin ƙasashen Kudu da Gabas ta Tsakiya, daga Indiya zuwa China, hanyar gargajiya ta sufuri da aka sani da rickshawa.

Ainihin wannan ma'anar hanyar safarar nau'ikan keke mai kafa biyu ne wanda mutum daya ke tukawa. Canjin tsari na asali, wanda ya ƙunshi keken katako mai sauƙi wanda mutum a ƙafa ya ja.

A yau duk wanda ya yi balaguro zuwa wuraren shakatawa na gargajiya na katuwar Asiya zai iya ganin yawancin waɗannan motocin. Kunnawa Beijing misali, inda kawai ake san rickshaw da keke-tasi. Daruruwan waɗannan motocin suna tafiya kan titunan tsakiyar babban birnin na China a kowace rana, waɗanda ke aiki tukuru da ƙwararrun direbobi waɗanda ba da tsoro suka shiga hargitsi na zirga-zirgar gari.

Ba ainihin mafi kyawun hanya ko hanya mafi sauri don kewaya birni ba, amma masu yawon buɗe ido suna son su.

El farashin Jirgin rickshaw na awa daya yakai yuan 30 (kimanin Yuro 4 a farashin musaya na yanzu). A wasu biranen ƙasar, kamar Hangzhou o Shenzhen, farashin sun ma fi rahusa.

Tarihin rickshaw a China

"Rickshaw na kasar Sin" ya zama sananne a matsayin hanyar jigilar kayayyaki da Sinawa masu arziki ke amfani da shi a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX. Aikin direba (kodayake zai fi daidai idan aka kira shi "mai harbi") na waɗannan motocin na iya zama da wuya a gare mu, amma ya ma fi haka a lokutan baya, lokacin da aka kai attajirai da masu iko cikin buhu.

Samfurori na farko sun fara zagayawa a cikin kasar Sin a shekarar 1886. Sai bayan shekaru goma kawai amfani da su kamar hanyar sufuri ta jama'a ya zama gama gari. Rickshaw ya kasance muhimmin abu a ci gaban biranen China a cikin karni na XNUMX. Ba wai kawai a matsayin hanyar sufuri ba, har ma a matsayin hanyar wadatar dubban mutane.

Masana tarihi sun kiyasta cewa kusan 1900 a cikin Beijing kawai wasu kusan 9.000 na waɗannan motocin suna yawo, suna ɗaukar sama da mutane 60.000 aiki. Wannan adadin bai gushe ba yana ƙaruwa, ya kai 10.000 a tsakiyar ƙarni.

Koyaya, komai ya canza bayan yaƙi da hawan iko Mao Zedong. Ga kwaminisanci, rickshaw alama ce ta zaluntar jari hujja na ajin masu aiki, don haka suka cire su daga wurare dabam dabam kuma haramta amfani da shi a cikin 1949.

Yawon shakatawa Beijing a cikin rickshaw

Rickshaws da ke yawo kan titunan China a yau ba mai tafiya da ƙafa, sai mai tuƙin keke. Har yanzu aiki ne mai wahala, kodayake ba shi da wahala kamar da.

En Beijing Yana da kyau a rarrabe tsakanin rickshaws waɗanda ke ba da sabis kamar na tasi da waɗanda aka miƙa wa masu yawon buɗe ido a matsayin kyakkyawar hanya don ziyarci manyan abubuwan tarihin birni. Ta haka ne wadannan yawon shakatawa rickshaws suna shiga utan tsutsa, Alleys na mafi tsufa na babban birnin kasar Sin.

Kwarewar tana da ƙarfi, kodayake yana da mahimmanci matafiyi ya san wasu abubuwa kaɗan kafin ya shiga ɗayan waɗannan motocin.

Don farawa da, dole ne ka sani cinikin farashin. Yawancin direbobi da yawa za su yi ƙoƙari su sa mu biya yuan 500 (sama da euro 60) don tafiyar awa ɗaya, wanda ke da hauhawar kuɗi. Idan muka tsaya kyam kuma muka san yadda za a kunna, za a iya rage farashin da aka amince da shi zuwa yuan 80, har ma da ƙasa da haka.

Wani abin da ya kamata a sani shi ne cewa mai yiwuwa direban zai tsaya a shagon abokinsa ko danginsa. Ma'anar ita ce, fasinjoji suna kashe kuɗi a can kafin su ci gaba da bin babbar hanyar.


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