Shahararrun wasanni a Ingila

Kuna yin kowane irin wasa? Motsa jiki motsa jiki abu ne gama gari a duk duniya, amma akwai wasanni da suka shahara fiye da wasu, ko wasannin da kawai ake aiwatarwa a wasu ƙasashe kuma ba duka ba. Misali, ka san menene wasanni mafi mashahuri a Ingila?

Wasanni ba wasa bane, wasanni yana nuna gasa, dokoki, horo… kuma gaskiyar magana shine ana yin wasanni da yawa a Ingila kuma wasu ma baza ka gansu akan ESPN ba. Bari muga menene.

Wasanni a Ingila

Na farko, dole ne a faɗi cewa Kingdomasar Ingila tana da dadaddiyar al'ada a cikin wasanni kuma hakan an haife manyan shahararrun wasanni anan. Muna magana game da tanis, na billiards, na dambe, na ƙwallon ƙafa, na golf, da hockey, da Rugby...

Tsibiran suna da ƙanana kuma mutane ba su hutawa, dama? Idan za mu yi ɗan tarihi to za mu iya komawa zuwa ƙarni na sha bakwai da kuma motsin siyasa da ya kasance a tsibiran a wancan lokacin.

Ka tabbata ka ji game da masu tsarkakaBaƙon mutane, ba masu son annashuwa ba, daidai. Da kyau, Puritans sun dakatar da wasu abubuwa kaɗan, gami da gidajen kallo da wasu ayyukan jiki da na rukuni waɗanda ke da alaƙa da caca. Misali, tseren dawakai da dambe. Tare da faduwar Puritans waɗannan ayyukan sun dawo da ƙarfi.

Zuwa karni na XNUMX wasan kurket an riga an kafa shi sosai tsakanin ɗaliban babba na Ingilishi kuma a cikin makarantun gwamnati ƙwallon ƙafa. Tare da birni na karni na XNUMX, yawancin wasannin karkara sun fara motsawa zuwa birni, hannu da hannu tare da ma'aikata, sannan masu matsakaita da na sama sun daidaita abubuwan su. Cibiyoyi da tsarin rayuwarsu sun yi sauran kuma ta haka ne ake tsara wasannin da duk muka sani.

Shahararrun wasanni a Ingila

Kamar yadda muka fada a farko, wasanni suna da mahimmanci a Ingila kuma ƙasar itace shimfiɗar jariri da yawa daga cikin sanannun mutane a duniya. Wannan ya sa Burtaniya a koyaushe ta zama dan wasan da za a ji tsoro a gasa ta duniya.

Sha'awar wasanni ta yi tafiya tare da masu mulkin mallaka don haka a yau tsoffin mulkin mallaka kamar Australia, New Zealand ko India sune masu fafatawa. Misali, a cikin wasan kurket ko rugby.

Rugby

A Ingila akwai wani Rungiyar Rugby ta Nationalasa kuma akwai ma Rungiyar Rugby. Wannan wasanni ya ɗauki dokokinta a farkon ƙarni na XNUMX kuma ya zama sananne a makarantu, daga baya ya zama na duniya.

Rugby a nan ƙwararre ne da kuma nishaɗi. Ee dole ne ka san cewa sun bambanta rumbuna, Unionungiyar Rugby da Rugby League. Suna da dokoki daban-daban, yawan 'yan wasa, hanyoyin ciyar da kwallon gaba.

Rugby Ya shahara sosai a Yorkshire, Ingila ta yamma maso yamma da Cumbria.. Ana gudanar da manyan wasanni anan.

badminton

Wannan wasa har ma ya fi wasan tennis farin jini a cikin ƙasa, kuma saboda yafi samun saukikoda kuwa kai dan farawa ne. Kodayake Ingilishi ne mai kyau, badminton an haifeshi a kasar india azaman bambancin wasan Ingilishi na gargajiya wanda aka buga tare da raket.

Akwai to Badungiyar Badminton ta Ingila, wacce aka kafa a 1893, wanda ke daidaita wasanni a cikin ƙasa kuma yana tallafawa ɗayan Nationsasashe 41 inda ake aiwatar da wannan wasan.

Cricket

Asalin wannan wasan har yanzu ana muhawara amma ba tare da wata shakka ba an haife shi ne a cikin tsibiran Ingilishi kuma tun daga wannan ya zama ɓangare na rashin hankali na ƙasa. Tarihi kwanan baya zuwa karni na XNUMX ko kaɗan a baya, tunda an ambaci sunan wasanni a cikin takardun wancan lokacin. Tabbas, ana iya buga shi da yawa a baya, a matsayin nau'in wasan yara.

Hoy akwai kwararrun kungiyoyin wasan kurket 18 a Ingila kuma kowanne yana da sunayen gundumomi na tarihi. Kowane lokacin bazara kowane ɗayan kulab ɗin yana halartar Gasar Kofin Farko ta ,asar, gasar wasanni biyu da aka buga sama da kwanaki huɗu.

Cricket wasa ne wanda amfani da jemage da kwallon, tare da tawagogi biyu suna fuskantar juna a filin da ke tsakiyarsa wanda yake akwai tudu tare da sanduna inda zasu wuce ƙwallon.

Gasar dawakai

Yana da wasanni na biyu da aka fi kallo a Burtaniya kuma mafi tsayi a tsaye. Yana samun tarin kuɗi kuma manyan abubuwannsa guda biyu sune Royal Ascot (wanda sarauta ke tare da manya-manyan huluna masu mahimmanci), da Bikin Cheltenham.

Ana yin tseren dawakai a tsibirin tunda roman times, da yawa daga dokokinta sun samo asali anan. Da Kulop din jockey farawa daga 1750 kuma shine daya yana ƙayyade komai a cikin wasanni.

hay jinsuna biyu: tseren gida mai nisa tare da tsayayyun wurare a waƙoƙin da ba a hana su ba, da kuma Tseren Farauta na Nationalasa wanda ya fi tsayi kuma a cikin abin da dawakai sukan yi tsalle

Akwai kusa da 60 filin tseren lasisi a cikin Burtaniya, tare da ƙarin biyu a Arewacin Ireland. Mafi tsufa shine Chester, daga ƙarni na XNUMX.

tanis

 

Tennis yana da bango kuma suna da alama sun dace da karni na sha biyu a Francia, a cikin kotu wanda aka buga wucewar kwallaye ta hanyar buga shi da tafin hannu. Da alama Louis X ba ya son yin wasa a waje don haka ya buɗe kotunan cikin gida, al'adar da ta bazu zuwa fadojin masarautar Turai.

Rackets sun bayyana a wurin a ƙarni na XNUMX kuma daga nan ne ake kiran wasan tanis, kalma ce da ta fito daga Faransanci, azaba, riƙe ko ɗauka, wani abu da aka ihu tsakanin abokan adawar. Don haka, ya zama sananne sosai a Faransa da Ingila. Henry VIII ya kasance mai sha'awar wasan tanis.

Gasar Tennis ta zamani ta faro ne daga shekarun 30 na karni na XNUMX kuma daga nan suka fara kafa dokoki da lambobin wasanni. A yau, gasar ta Wimbledon Shi ne mafi shahararren a cikin Ingila kuma ɗayan manyan sifofin ATP Tour. An buga shi tun 1877.

Cire

Wannan wasan an haifeshi ne a tsohuwar Egypt da kuma yau daidai yake da jami'o'in Ingilishi da makarantu. A zahiri, wasan kamar yadda muka sani an haifeshi ne a farkon karni na goma sha bakwai a cikin regattas da aka gudanar akan Kogin Thames, a Landan, inda ƙungiyoyi da kamfanoni daban-daban suka fafata. Zuwa karni na XNUMX, "an haifi kungiyoyin kulake" a makarantun gwamnati kamar Eton College ko Durham School da kuma sanannun jami'oi kamar Cambridge ko Oxford.

La Tarayyar Rowing ta Duniya aka kafa a 1892 kuma shine wanda daidaita wasanni cewa a zahiri, tana da mambobi kasashe 150. Jere wasa ne na olympic Kuma yana cikin wasannin tun 1896. Maza suna ta fafatawa tun daga lokacin, amma mata tun daga 1976.

Golf

Gwal an kirkireshi ne a scotland amma ya shahara sosai a Ingila. An haife shi ne a gabar gabashin Scotland, kusa da Edinburgh, sannan 'yan wasa za su jefa tsakuwa a kan dunes. 'Yan Scots din suna da kwazo sosai har ma sun yi watsi da horar da sojoji a karni na XNUMX, don haka Sarki James I na yanke shawarar dakatar da shi.

Babu wanda ya mai da hankali sosai a kan sa, sannan golf ya zama wasan goyan bayan masarauta a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX, ƙarƙashin amincewar King James IV. Daga Scotland zuwa Ingila kuma daga Ingila zuwa duniya. Ya zama hukuma a Ingila tare da kafuwar 'Yan' Bangaren Golfers a Leith, kulob din golf na farko, a cikin 1744. An gina filin wasan golf na farko mai rami 18 a St. Andrews a cikin 1764, an kafa ma'aunin wasan.

Gwal ya yadu daga hannun Masarautar Burtaniya a cikin karni na XNUMX, zuwa Indiya, Ireland, Ostiraliya, Kanada, Amurka da Hong Kong. Juyin Juya Halin Masana'antu ya kawo canje-canje da yawa kuma jirgin ya sanya kungiyoyin golf barin garuruwa zuwa karkara, suna samun mabiya da 'yan wasa. Kirkirar kwallaye da kulake suma sun canza. An haifi British Open a 1860.

Ingilishi Ingilishi akan golf ya ƙare lokacin ya bayyana a wurin a Amurka, a cikin 1894. Tarayyar ku kafa dokokin karshe na wasan kuma ya kafa kungiyoyi da yawa. A yau, yayin da wasan golf a Amurka ke da kyau kuma suna da farat ɗaya, waɗanda ke Ingila sun fi karko da rashin tsari.

A kowane hali, girmama wurin haifuwarsa, wasu shahararrun wuraren wasan golf a duniya har yanzu suna cikin Scotland a yau: Gleneagles, Carnoustie, Saint Andrews, Royal Troon ...

Fútbol

Ccerwallon ƙafa yana da dogon tarihi anan kuma a zahiri akwai takardu waɗanda suke magana akan ƙwallon ƙafa a ciki 1314. Hakanan, gasar farko ta duniya ta gudana a nan kuma an kafa rukuni na farko na ƙwararru anan.

Akwai kungiyoyin kwallon kafa sama da dari kuma mafi shaharar league ne aka sani da Firimiya (INGILA). Wannan rukunin yana da ƙungiyoyi 20 a duk faɗin Burtaniya kuma daga cikin mashahuran sune Arsenal, Liverpool ko Manchester United.

Ungiyar ƙwallon Kafa ce ke sarrafa ƙwallon ƙafa a nan, ɗayan tsofaffin ƙungiyoyi a duniya. An haife shi ne don daidaita bambancin ƙwallon ƙafa waɗanda aka buga a wancan lokacin a makarantun gwamnati na ƙasar. Zamu iya cewa waɗannan ƙa'idodin sun samo asali ne daga Dokokin Cambridge, wanda jami'ar ta faɗa a cikin 1848.

Hannun hannu tare da Ingilishi waɗanda suka yi tafiya tare da kamfanoni ko'ina wasannin duniya sun tsallaka kan iyakoki. A yau yana daya daga cikin wasannin da aka fi kowane wasa a duniya, na fasaha da kuma shakatawa. Kofin Duniya da FIFA ta shirya babu shakka mai faranta rai ne kuma yana da kudi.

Ya zuwa yanzu, wasu shahararrun wasanni a Ingila. Za mu iya ƙara zuwa jerin iyo, waƙa da filin, filin wasan ƙwallon kankara da ƙwallon raga.


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