Kolkata, daga cikin kyawawan biranen Indiya

Calcutta Indiya

Calcuta, tsohon babban birni na Biritaniya ta Indiya, har yanzu yana riƙe da waɗancan tsoffin kyawawan halaye, wanda ya sa ya zama gari daban da sauran manyan biranen ƙasar. Ko da a yau har yanzu ya kasance babban birni na jihar West Bengal da zuciyar al'adun Indiya.

Mafi kyawu game da ziyartar Calcutta don matafiyin yamma shine cewa zaku same shi duka ainihin ainihin Indiya, amma kuma zaka samu da yawa. Kuma shi ne cewa a cikin wannan birni inda sama da mutane miliyan biyar suke zaune akwai da yawa tarihi, fasaha, al'adu da nishadi.

Har ila yau, Kolkata birni ne mai bambanci. A ciki, gidajen sarauta da na alfarma masu kyau suna rayuwa tare da wasu mahalli mafi talauci a duniya, inda shahararriya Uwar Teresa ɓullo da aikin agaji ba tare da gajiyawa ba tsawon shekaru.

Amma sama da duka, Kolkata wuri ne mai ban sha'awa wanda bai bar kowa ba. Waɗannan sune muhimmanci ziyara:

Dakshineswar Haikali

Ofayan kyawawan kyawawan gine-gine a ƙasar. Da Dakshineswar temple aka sadaukar domin baiwar Kali, koyaushe cike da masu ba da gaskiya da yawon bude ido.

gidan ibada na calcutta

Dakshineswar Haikali

Haikalin yana kan bangon Ubangiji hooghly kogi. An gina ta a ƙarni na XNUMX bisa ƙwarin gwiwa na masu hannu da shuni Rani Rasmoni. Tsarinsa yana jan hankali zuwa manyan hasumiya guda tara. Tuni a cikin babbar farfajiya aka buɗe inda masu aminci za su iya yin sujada da ɗaga sallarsu zuwa manyan gumakan farin marmara na gumakan Hindu kamar Shiva, Vishnu kuma, ba shakka, Kali.

A ƙasan haikalin akwai gata, matakai masu tsarki waɗanda suka sauka zuwa bakin kogin.

Entranceofar haikalin Dakshineswar kyauta ne, wataƙila wannan yana bayyana dalilin da yasa koyaushe yake cika da mutane.

Gadar Howrah

Ga mutane da yawa, wannan shine babban gunkin birni. Kodayake sunan hukuma shine Rabindra Setu, kowa a Calcutta ya san shi da sunan da Ingilishi ya ba shi: Howrah gada. An ƙaddamar da shi a cikin 1943 don ba wa garin dama daga maƙwabcin garin Howrah, daga inda yake ɗaukar sunansa.

gadar calcutta

Gadar Howrah a Kolkata

Wannan kyakkyawan tsarin karfe yana tallafawa cunkoson ababen hawa: kimanin motoci 150.000 da masu tafiya a ƙafa 90.000 a rana. Girmansa kamar haka: tsayin mita 217 da tsayin mita 90. A dare ana haskakawa yana ba da kyakkyawan zane ga Calcutenses.

Maidan da Victoria Memorial

Filin shakatawa mafi mahimmanci a cikin birni, wanda aka sani a lokacin mulkin mallaka kamar Brigade Parade Ground. Babban shiri ne wanda yake dauke da bishiyoyi da wuraren ciyawa wadanda suke tsakiyar Calcutta. Wannan shine wuri mafi dacewa don tserewa da hayaniyar titinan birni, wanda yan yawon bude ido zasu iya zama masu ɗan fin ƙarfi.

Maidan

'Yan wasan kurket a kan Maidan a Calcutta, tare da Tunawa da Victoria a bango

Daga cikin wasu abubuwa, a Maidan Park za ku sami mashahuri Eden Gardens Cricket Ground da kuma hanyar tseren Calcutta.

Amma a sama da duka, a ƙarshen ƙarshen wurin shakatawa akwai kyakkyawan ginin Victoria Tunawa, abin tunawa don girmamawa ga Sarauniya Victoria bayan mutuwarta a shekarar 1901. A ciki akwai gidan kayan gargajiya inda ake baje kolin zane-zanen mai kan rayuwar sarauniyar.

Hanyar Belur

Wani dole ne a gani a cikin Calcutta babu shakka haikalin Hanyar Belur. Ba kowane haikalin bane kawai, amma na musamman ne, tunda shine zuciyar Ramakrishna Movement. Babban abin birgewa game da gine-ginen shi shine kusan ba zai yiwu ba a haɗu da fasahar Kiristanci, Islama, Hindu da Buddha. Kuma shi ne cewa magina sun yi nufin cewa wannan haikalin alama ce ta haɗin kan dukkan addinai.

haikalin Indiya

Haikalin eclectic na Belur Math

Sauran ziyarce-ziyarce masu mahimmanci a Calcutta

Wurare masu ban sha'awa don gani da ganowa a Kolkata basu da iyaka. Zai fi kyau a sauƙaƙe ku sadaukar da kowace ranar zaman ku don bincika wani yanki na birni. Kyakkyawan tsari, alal misali, shine neman alamun mulkin mallaka na Burtaniya, wanda zamu samu a ciki Fort William, a cikin Babban cocin San Pablo kuma a cikin neo-gothic gini na Babban Kotun.

Nitsad da kanka a cikin yanayi mai kyau da launi na birni, dole ne ku ziyarci kasuwar furanni a Mullick Ghat da kuma haggle a masana'anta da kuma sana'a shagon na Sabuwar Kasuwa. Hakanan yana da daraja faduwa Hanyar Phears a Tsohon Chinatown (tsohon garin Chinatown). Koyaya, don jin daɗin kwarewar gastronomic ɗari bisa ɗari na Bengali, ya zama dole a tsaya a ɗayan gidajen cin abinci na gargajiya a ciki Titin Park.

Wani mafi annashuwa ziyarar da aka miƙa ta Lambun Botanical na Calcutta, inda manyan furanni suke girma kuma a ciki zamu ga itacen banyan da ya tsufa. Anan zaku sami ɗan kwanciyar hankali tsakanin motsin zuciyarmu da yawa.


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