Manyan Marubutan Adabin Indiya

Rabindranath Tagore

La adabin Indiya daya daga cikin mahimman abubuwa kuma mafi tsufa a duniya. Yana da kyau a sani cewa adabin Indiya ya kunshi rubuce-rubuce a cikin yare daban-daban kamar Hindi, Urdu, Sanskrit, Marathi, Bengali, Kannada, Turanci, da sauransu. Yawancin mahimman ayyukan Indiya an fassara su zuwa harsunan duniya daban-daban, kuma an sanya wasu daga cikinsu wasan kwaikwayo da wasan kwaikwayo na Indiya. Tarihin adabin Indiya ya faro ne daga littattafan Sanskrit da Vedas.

A yau za mu san waɗanda suka fi yawa manyan marubutan india. Bari mu fara da nunawa Rabindranath Tagore, Marubucin Bengali wanda ya bar gadon labaru, littattafai da wasannin kwaikwayo, amma har da abubuwan kiɗa. Wasu daga cikin shahararrun ayyukan Tagore sune Gitanjali, Gora, Chaturanga, Shesher Kobita, Char Odhay, Noukadubi, Ghare Baire, da Kaabooliwala. Yana da kyau a faɗi cewa Tagore ya sami lambar yabo ta Nobel ta Adabi a cikin 1913, don haka ya zama ɗan Asiya na farko da ya karɓi kyautar.

Ya kamata kuma mu ambaci Dhanpat Rai Srivastav wanda aka fi sani da premchand, Marubucin haifaffen Uttar Pradesh yana ɗayan ɗayan fitattun marubutan adabin Hindustani. Ayyukansa sun haɗa da littattafai sama da goma, kusan gajerun labaru 250, rubuce-rubuce iri-iri, da kuma fassarar wasu adabin adabin ƙasashen waje zuwa yaren Hindi. Wasu daga cikin shahararrun ayyukan sa sune: Panch Parameshvar, Idgah, Nashaa, Shatranj ke Khiladi, Poos ki raat, Kafan, Dikri Ke Rupai, Udhar Ki Ghadi, Sevasadan da Godaan.

Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer Narayanaswami wanda aka fi sani da RK Narayan ya kasance marubuci ɗan Indiya, wanda ya rubuta littattafan ƙagaggun labarai da waɗanda ba na almara ba. Wasu daga cikin shahararrun ayyukan sa sune: Swami da abokan sa, Hamish Hamilton, Kwalejin Fasaha, Dakin Duhu, Masanin Kudi, Jiran Mahatma, da sauransu.

Ƙarin Bayani: Queer Ink yana buɗe ƙofa ga adabin ɗan luwadi a Indiya

Source: Jerin Jerin

Hotuna: IBN Live


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