Shugabannin Tarihi na Indiya

Mahatma Gandhi

Yau zamu hadu da mafi girma shugabannin tarihin Indiya, waɗanda sanannu ne kuma waɗanda ke kauna ba kawai a cikin al'ummar Asiya ba amma a ko'ina cikin duniya don manyan ra'ayoyinsu da gudummawa ga ɗan adam. Bari mu fara da ambata Mahatma Gandhi, haifaffen Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a ranar 2 ga Oktoba, 1869 a Gujarat. Mahatma Gandhi lauya ne wanda ya shahara wajen gwagwarmayar neman 'yan Hindu da Musulmai ta hanyar fasahar ba da tashin hankali. Bugu da kari, Gandhi ya yi gwagwarmayar samun ‘yancin kan Indiya. Wannan mashahurin shugaba, wanda aka ɗauka a matsayin mahaifin al'umma, ya yi rayuwa mai sauƙi, don haka ya zama abin ƙarfafa ga mutane a duniya. Nathuram Godse ne ya kashe Gandhi a ranar 30 ga Janairu, 1948.

Swami Vivekananda Haihuwar Narendra Nath Datta a ranar 12 ga Janairu, 1863, ya kasance babban malami, tushen kwarin gwiwa ga miliyoyin 'yan Hindu da masu kishin kasa a Indiya. Ana bikin ranar haihuwarsa a matsayin "Ranar Matasa ta Kasa" a Indiya. Koyarwar Swami Vivekananda ta kunshi girmama dukkan mutane da dukkan addinai.

Sardar patel An haifi Sardar Patel Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai a ranar 31 ga Oktoba, 1875, yana daga cikin mabiya Mahatma Gandhi, mai gwagwarmayar neman 'yanci kuma Firayim Minista na Cikin Gida na Indiya. Sardar Patel sananne ne da "Iron Man" na Indiya don aikinsa bayan samun 'yanci, mutumin da ke da alhakin halin Indiya a yanzu.

Brambedkar An haife shi Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar a ranar 14 ga Afrilu, 1891, ya kasance ɗan asalin ƙasa, lauya kuma malami wanda kuma shi ne shugaban kwamitin tsara kundin tsarin mulkin Indiya kuma shi ne Firayim Ministan Shari’ar Indiya. BRAmbedkar an haife shi ne cikin dangin Dalits ko kuma waɗanda ba za a taɓa taɓa su ba, amma ya yi magana game da wannan sananniyar wariyar. Wannan shine dalilin da yasa aka dauke shi a matsayin shugaban wadanda ba za a taba su ba a kasar Indiya ta zamani.

Informationarin bayani: Gidan Tarihi na Gandhi, a cikin Bombay

Source: Top 10 Kullum

Hoto: Furotesta Dijital


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