Vishnu: Daya daga cikin mafi girman alloli na Indiya

Hoto | Pixabay

Shin kuna son yin balaguro zuwa Indiya akan hutun ku na gaba kuma kuna da sha'awar ƙarin sani game da al'adunta da al'adun ta? Daya daga cikin bangarorin da ba a san su sosai ba ga Turawan Yamma shine addinin Hindu, mai matukar mahimmanci sanin hanyar tunani da jin mazaunan Indiya.

Addinin Hindu cike yake da tatsuniyoyi da abubuwan ban mamaki waɗanda alloli, gumaka, aljannu, mutane, da sauran halittu suke yi. Koyaya, manyan gumakan Hindu sune uku: Brahma, Vishnu da Shiva. Kowannensu yana wakiltar mahimmin ƙarfi don wanzuwar duniya: mahaliccinsa shine Brahma, ƙarfin ci gaba shine Vishnu kuma mai hallakarwa Shiva ne. Duk ukun sune Trimurti ko "siffofi uku" a cikin Sanskrit, ma'ana, ɗayan-ɗayan Hindu.

Wace rawa Trimurti ke da shi? Menene matsayin kowane allah a ciki? A cikin wannan sakon zamu shiga cikin addinin Hindu don sanin waɗannan alloli uku kuma musamman Vishnu ɗan kyau. Ci gaba da karatu bayan tsalle!

Trimurti

Hoto | Pixabay

Kamar yadda na ce, ukun sune mahimman gumakan Hindu: Brahma, Vishnu da Shiva. Dukkaninsu suna yin trimurti kuma kowannensu yana da karfi wanda zai iya daidaita daidaiton sararin samaniya, saboda haka bazai yuwu ayi tunanin halittar ba (Brahma) ko halakar duniya (Shiva) ba. Bugu da ƙari, a gaskiya kiyaye shi ƙarfi ne wanda ke riƙe da tsarin sararin samaniya. Wannan shine yadda masu aminci na wannan addinin suke fahimtar duniya kuma saboda haka mahimmancin waɗannan alloli a ciki.

Daga Brahma Brahmanism aka kafa a Indiya. Wani reshe ne na addinin Hindu wanda yake ɗaukarsa a matsayin allah mafi ɗaukaka, asalin dukkan sauran alloli, waɗanda suke bayyanarsa. Daga mamayar Aryan, an haifi Brahmanism, wanda ya ga Shiva da Vishnu a matsayin ƙananan alloli.

Wanene Vishnu?

Gane shi a cikin addinin Hindu azaman allahn nagarta da kiyayewa, shine babban allahntakar wannan zamanin ta Vaisnavism wanda shine reshen addinin Hindu wanda yake da Vishnu a matsayin babban allah. A cewar wannan halin yanzu, kasancewar shi mahaliccin duniya, wannan allahn ya yanke shawarar buɗe kansa a cikin trimurti ko "siffofi uku."

An caji Vishnu da aikin daidaita nagarta da mugunta a duniya kuma 'yan adam suna neman taimakonsa don neman hanyar samun ceto.

Fassarar Etymological na Vishnu

Lokacin nazarin sunan allahntaka a cikin ma'anar asalinsa, ɓangaren tushen "vis" yana nufin daidaitawa ko ratsawa wanda zai zo don bayyana ɗayan halayen Vishnu "wanda ya mamaye komai."

Ta wannan hanyar, an kai ga ƙarshe cewa sunansa yana nufin allahn da ya yiwa mata ciki da duk abubuwan da suke rayuwa a duniya. Farawa daga wannan yanayin, Vishnu ba'a iyakance shi cikin lokaci, sarari ko abu ba. Ikonsa ya zama mara iyaka. Hakanan, akwai masu bincike waɗanda ke kula da cewa fassarar asalin sunan shine "wannan kasancewar ta ratsa komai."

Yaya aka bayyana Vishnu?

Yawanci ana wakilta shi azaman allahn fata mai shuɗi tare da surar mutum da hannaye huɗu waɗanda ke riƙe abubuwa daban-daban waɗanda ke ɗaukar ma'anoni daban-daban:

  • Padma (furen lotus wanda ƙanshin sa na Vishnuists suke so)
  • A sudarshaná chakrá (rikice-rikice ne irin wanda mayaƙan ninja suke sawa wanda Vishnu ke amfani da shi don halakar da aljannu)
  • A shankhá (wani harsashi ne wanda sautinsa a Indiya ke wakiltar nasara bayan kayar da abokin gaba)
  • Mace zinariya (don fasa kawunan mugaye)

Sau da yawa ana nuna shi a zaune a kan furen magarya tare da Laksmi, wanda yake mata, a ɗaya daga gwiwoyinsa. Ita ce allahiya ta arziki kuma ta bayyana kanta a cikin bhuti-sakti (halitta) da kuma kriya-sakti (ayyukan kirkira). Tunda Vishnu ba zai iya zama wani ɓangare na kerawarsa ba (ahamta) ko kuzarinsa, yana buƙatar mataimaki wanda koyaushe yana tare da shi. A saboda wannan dalili allahiya Laksmi dole ne ta bi Vishnu a duk abubuwan da take yi.

Menene halayen tauhidin na Vishnu kuma yaya ake girmama shi?

Hoto | Pixabay

Allan Vishnu yana da halaye na allahntaka daban-daban: samun abin da yake so (prakamya), fifiko (isitva), ingancin danniya sha'awa (kama vasayitva), iko da wasu (vasitva), cimma komai (prapti), ikon allahntaka (aishwaria), ilimi (gnana) ko kuzari (shakti), da sauransu.

Ba a san tabbas ko yaushe ko yadda Vishnu ya fara bautar ba. A cikin abubuwan da akidun Aryans (Vedas) suka haɗu, wannan allah yana da alaƙa da Indra kuma an lasafta shi azaman ƙaramin allah. Daga baya ne kawai ya zama ɓangare na trimurti a cikin addinin Hindu kuma mafi mahimmancin allahn duk wannan imani.

A yau 'yan Hindu sun yi imani cewa Vishnu ya zama mutum a matsayin avatar daban-daban a Duniya kuma ana bautar wannan allah a sifar irin wadannan avatars din baki daya.

Menene avatar Vishnu?

A cikin addinin Hindu, avatar shine jikin allahntaka, musamman Vishnu. Wannan shine, kwatankwacin gumaka a cikin tatsuniyoyin Greco-Roman. A cikin Vaisnavism, waɗannan avatar sun taru a aji daban-daban bisa ga ɗabi'a da matsayin da aka bayyana a cikin Nassosi.

  • Vananá: dwarf, ya fito a ruse-iugá.
  • Matsia: kifin, ya bayyana a cikin satia-iugá.
  • Kurma: kunkuru, ya fito cikin satia-jugá.
  • Varaja: boar daji, ya bayyana a satia-iugá.
  • Narasinja - Rabin zaki, rabin mutum cikin jiki. Ya fito a cikin satia-iugá don kayar da aljan ɗin Jirania Kashipú.
  • Parashurama: (Rama tare da gatari), ya bayyana a treta-iugá.
  • Rama: sarkin Aiodhia, ya fito cikin treta-iugá.
  • Krishna: (mai kyau) ya bayyana a cikin duapara-iugá, tare da ɗan'uwansa Balaram. Yawancin ƙungiyoyin Visnuist suna ganinsa a matsayin mutumin Vishnu.
  • Buddha: (mai hikima) ya fito a cikin Kali-iugá. Sigogin da basa ambaton Buddha azaman na tara avatar a jihar Balaram a maimakon haka.
  • Kalki: mai lalata najasa. Ana tsammanin bayyana a ƙarshen kali-iugá.

Shekarun mutane

A cikin addinin Hindu iuga shine ɗayan zamanai huɗu waɗanda aka raba babban zamani ko kuma majā iuga. Zamani huɗu ko iugas sune:

  • Satia-iuga (zamanin gaskiya): shekara 1.728.000.
  • Duapara-iuga: shekararsa 864.000.
  • Treta-iuga: shekararsa 1.296.000.
  • Káli-iuga: zamanin aljani Kali shekaru 432.000.

Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

16 comments, bar naka

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  1.   l m

    beuk otavia c'est beurk lol

  2.   Ingrid m

    Ina matukar son duk abin da ya shafi al'adun Hindu,

  3.   Cecilia m

    Gaskiyar ita ce, wannan wulakanci ne. Idan sun koyi kimiyya zasu fahimci abin ƙyama karanta wannan labarin.
    Yarinya or

  4.   david m

    Ba na son shi

  5.   Ruth Mariya Ortiz m

    Na yi imani da sake haifuwa kuma ina tsammanin yarinyar na iya zama, ina farin ciki game da addinin Hindu saboda ba su rasa imaninsu, dabi'u, al'ada ba, ina son wannan al'ada.

  6.   Tamara garcia m

    Ni ma ina son waccan al'adar, amma mutum daya ne ya ce mummunan lalacewar yarinyar yana kaskantar da kai. Kuma bari su bauta mata a matsayin Allah ...
    A takaice dai, kowanne da irin haukan da yake yi.

  7.   farin ciki m

    wane irin mummunan yaro

  8.   zargin m

    Gaskiyar ita ce na fahimci yarinyar, na yi imanin cewa sake haihuwa ne tunda abin birgewa ne amma jikinta yana da ban sha'awa tunda yayi daidai da Vishnu

  9.   Adelaide m

    Wulakantawa, mai ban tsoro, mai banƙyama, menene dabba mai ban sha'awa

  10.   ruwan hoda fari m

    Ina ganin ya kamata mu bincika da kyau idan za mu je ko son magana game da wani abu. can wata budurwa ta bayyana tana cewa tana son wannan al'ada. Idan baku san abin da kuke fada ba, zai fi kyau kada ku yi tsokaci. Wancan maguzancin da ke wanzu a waccan ƙasar shi ne abin da ya lalata Hindu tunda ba su amince da ALLAH MULKI BA, Rayayyen Allah wanda yake wanzu kuma Shi kaɗai ne zai iya canza rayuwarsu ta baƙin ciki da baƙin ciki ga waɗanda suke wahala a yau.

  11.   ruwan hoda fari m

    Alejandro, idan baku san abin da ke faruwa a can ba, zai fi kyau ku bincika duk abin da ke bayan waɗannan abubuwa. Cewa mutane sun lalace saboda rashin ilimi bai zama mini abin dariya ba, balle ma suyi imani da gumakan da ke kawo mutuwa, talauci da bala'i ga mutane kawai. Ina tsammanin yin magana game da talauci da baƙin cikin da waɗannan matalautan Hindun suke fama da shi ba abin dariya bane kwata-kwata.

  12.   efrain m

    haske yana tafiya a kilomita 300,000 a sakan daya, tauraruwar da ta fi kusa da duniya kusan shekaru 4 ne masu nisa, wadannan bayanai ne da suka kubuce daga fahimtar nesa da lokaci, amma muna ci gaba da yin imani da sihiri, a cikin reincarnation cikin allahntaka wajen tsarkake ranmu. , amma har yanzu bamu iya ganin girman sararin samaniya ba (ninka 300,000 X 60 X 24 X 365 X 4 shine nisan kilomita zuwa tauraron da ya fi kusa da duniya) idan yashin dukkan rairayin bakin teku na duniya, kowane hatsin yashi da wuya ya zama tauraron dan adam wanda shima ya kunshi miliyoyin taurari kuma muna ɗaya daga cikin waɗancan taurarin. Gaskiya ne kawai game da rayuwa da barin rayuwa, babu sauran rayuwa, babu sauran sa'a, gaskatawa da allahntaka ya fi sauƙi fiye da bayanin sararin samaniya mara iyaka wanda muke da wuya komai a ciki. LOKACI NE NA FARKA

  13.   anicurnal m

    Ya kamata in ba ku bang don sanya wannan hoton, mahaukaci

  14.   dani m

    hello .. Ina so kawai .. Nuna maka wannan .. kalli goshin ka .. alamar da ya kawo .. ka kwatanta shi da alamar mutanen Masarawa. bisa kawunansu .. godiya .. abin birgewa ne ..

  15.   XURB m

    INA GANIN CEWA ZUNUBI BA DAGA SAURAYIN DA YA RUBUTA BAYANAN BA, TUN BAYANIN BAYANINKA BA MUMMUNA BA, DAN HAKA SAI MAGANAR TA CE HINDU TAFARKI, YANA NUNA ABIN DA AKA YI IMANI DA SHI, GASKIYAR MAGANAR BA TA FARA KO BA. SHI NE KAWAI YANA RUWAITO AKAN WANI ABU ... ABIN DA KA YI IMANI KO A'A A CIKIN AL'ADA SHA'ANAR KOWA NE ... KUMA BABU TATTAUNAWA AKAN WANI ABU NAN. MUMMUNAN SHINE HOTON SABODA YANA SALLAR DA KAYAN KADAN NA BUDURWA, SU KASANCE SUNA KASHE FUSKARTA DA KAYANTA ...

  16.   Manthus m

    Ina girmama al'adunsu amma me yasa suke bautar hotunan karya da dalili suna fama da talaucin talauci tare da kyawawan tufafinsu da kuma koma bayan tunaninsu ba kawai wadatar zuci ba har ma da hankali, ba mamaki suna da yara masu nakasa ta hanyar imanin gumakansu na ban dariya