Japan, ƙasa mafi ƙarancin gurɓata a duniya

Gurbatar Japan

Japan iya alfahari da kasancewa mafi karancin gurbatawa a duniya. A zahiri, hukumomin wannan ƙasa suna sa ido sosai akan matakan gurɓata masana'antar masana'antar ta, fiye da yawancin ƙasashe masu ci gaba.

A cikin ƙasar da ake kira da rana mai tashe akwai faɗakar da muhalli sosai. Duk a bangaren 'yan kasa da gwamnatoci akwai abin birgewa damuwa ga kiyaye muhalli, wanda ke fassara zuwa jerin manufofi masu aiki da halaye waɗanda ke zama misali ga sauran ƙasashen duniya.

Koyaya, wannan sadaukarwa ga mahalli da kula da gurɓataccen yanayi ba koyaushe bane. Da Kasuwancin Ayyuka ya isa Japan kusan ƙarshen, a rabi na biyu na ƙarni na XNUMX (Meiji Era). Koyaya, lokacin da aikin yayi sauri kuma mai tsananin gaske.

A cikin fewan shekaru kadan kasar ta cika da masana'antu da ayyukan hakar ma'adanai wadanda suka bunkasa suka bunkasa ba tare da wani iko ba. Lalacewar yanayin yanayi ya munana. An lalata tsarin halittu kuma an gurɓata koguna, tafkuna da manyan yankuna.

Bala'i yaci gaba da faruwa har zuwa a m batu. Daga nan ne daga ƙarshe aka tilasta wa hukumomi su gabatar da jerin ƙa'idodi don ƙoƙarin dakatar da bala'in.

Shekarun 60s: Babban rikicin kasar Japan

Gubawar da aka samu daga cadmium, gurbatar iska da hayakin sulfur dioxide da nitrogen dioxide suka haifar, gami da yawan gubar da yawan mutane suka samu ta hanyar kayan sunadarai masu cutarwa ... Wannan nau'in labaran ya zama wani abu gama gari a cikin Japan daga 60s.

Kira Jafananci "mu'ujiza ta tattalin arziki" ya zo da tsada mai yawa. A madadin wadata, ƙasar ta ƙazantar da iyakokinta, biranenta da filayenta. Yawancin dabbobin da yawa sun ɓace kuma tsakanin mutane yawan cutar cututtukan numfashi da nau'o'in cutar kansa daban-daban.

gurbatawa a cikin japan

A cikin shekarun 60, Japan ta fara aiwatar da manyan matakai don yaki da gurbatar yanayi.

Rikicin gurɓataccen yanayi na shekarun 60 shine muguwar magana. Mutanen Japan masu himma da sanin yakamata sun koyi darasi. Ararrawa sun yi sauti kuma mutane da yawa sun fahimci cewa lokaci ya yi da za a yi aiki. A 1969 da Consungiyar Masu Amfani da Japan, wanda ya sami babban iko na tasiri akan ikon siyasa.

Tun daga wannan lokacin, duk gwamnatoci sun ɗauki matakan ƙarfin gwiwa ta fuskar kare muhalli da lafiyar ‘yan ƙasa. Akwai hukunci mai nauyi na kamfanoni ga kamfanonin da ba su bin dokokin muhalli, hukunce-hukuncen misali waɗanda ke da tasirin da ake so.

Theasar mafi ƙazantar ƙazantawa a duniya

A yau bayanin "Japan, ƙasa mafi ƙazantar ƙazanta a duniya" babban abin alfahari ne ga wannan ƙasar. Kyakkyawan hujja akan wannan shine ƙaruwa mai ban mamaki a cikin ƙimar rayuwa, jin daɗin rayuwa da tsammanin rayuwa don mazaunin su, waxanda suke mafi tsufa a duniya.

Babban nasarori

Kasar Japan ta zama misali abin koyi dangane da ci gaban ci gaba. Kodayake matsayin mafi ƙazantar ƙazantawa da mafi ƙasƙancin ƙasashe masu mahalli ya bambanta daga shekara zuwa shekara, Japan koyaushe tana kan gaba tare da ƙasashen Turai na Nordic (Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark).

Daga cikin manyan nasarorin da Jafanawa suka samu akwai nasara a cikin kula da sharar masana'antu da lantarki, da kiyaye gandun daji. A kowane bangare, Japan ta zama abin koyi ga sauran ƙasashe da yawa a duniya.

Wata babbar nasarar da gwamnatocin Japan suka samu kan lamuran muhalli ita ce raguwar matakan gurbatar iska a cikin garuruwa. Wannan bayanin ya kai yawan adadi a cikin shekarun 80, amma ya ragu a hankali a 'yan shekarun nan.

Tokyo Japan

Kasar Japan ta yi nasarar rage kazantar iska a biranenta

Jigogi masu jiran aiki

Koyaya, ƙasar har yanzu tana da wasu manyan matsaloli don warwarewa. Japan, ƙasa mafi ƙarancin gurɓata a duniya, ita ce ma inda bala'in tashar makamashin nukiliya yake ciki Fukushima a ranar 11 ga Maris, 2011. Wannan bala'in ya nuna gazawar wannan nau'in tsari ta fuskar tsaro. Abin takaici, sakamakon wannan bala'in har yanzu yana nan.

Wani 'lahani' akan fayil din muhalli na Japan shine rashin son kawo ƙarshen Farautar Whale. A 1986 da Hukumar Whaling ta Duniya (IWC) ya haramta farautar manyan dabbobi don dalilai na kasuwanci. Duk da wannan, jiragen kamun kifin na Jafananci sun ci gaba da ayyukansu suna da'awar cewa suna kama don dalilai na kimiyya. Shekaru daga baya, a cikin Disamba 2018, A ƙarshe Japan ta sanar da ficewa daga CBI domin ci gaba da kasuwancin kifi.


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