Ziyartar wuraren bauta na Angkor a cikin Kambodiya

Gidajen Angkor a Kambodiya

Lokacin da muke tunanin kudu maso gabashin asiyaOfaya daga cikin wurare na farko da suka fara tunani shine, ba tare da wata shakka ba, hadadden ginin da gidan ibada na Angkor yake a cikin Kambodiya. Babban hadadden addini a duniya Wuri ne na al'adu da sufanci wanda ke yaudarar duk baƙi tsawon shekaru waɗanda ƙaton Kambodiyanci ko wata ƙasar Vietnam da ke kusa ta fidda su don faɗaɗawa. Shin kuna tafe tare da mu don sanin Gidajen Angkor a cikin Kambodiya?

Takaitaccen tarihin gidajen ibada na Angkor

Buddha sufaye waɗanda ke shiga ɗayan gidajen ibadar Angkor

A cikin Kambodiya ta yau akwai wani yanki wanda tuni shekaru 2 da suka gabata mazauna ƙabilu daban daban suka mamaye shi. Koyaya, ba zai zama ba sai ƙarni na XNUMX AD lokacin da sarki Jayavarman II, shugaban masarautar Khmer, ya kasance mai kula da fansar dukkan mutanen yankin da ƙirƙirar cikakken masarauta da ake kira Devaraja (ko allah. misali), mai bautar ga bautar masarautar kansa.

Jayavarman II ya fara da ginin Haikalin Preah Ko, an gina shi don girmama sarki. Shekaru daga baya, Javayarman Zan kasance mai kula da ƙirƙirar haikalin Bakong, wanda zai zama cikakken zane-zane na gine-ginen da gidajen ibada na Angkor ke ɗauke da shi a halin yanzu, wanda za a ba da umarnin Sarki Yasovarman ya gina babban ɗinsa mai daraja, mai tamani Angkor Wat a cikin ƙarni na XNUMX. Lokacin da yayi daidai da tasirin addinin Buddha da na HinduAddinan da aka faɗaɗa, da yawa, ta 'yan kasuwar Indiya waɗanda ke amfani da Angkor a matsayin wurin wucewa da hutawa har zuwa ƙarshen lokacin damina.

Kodayake lokacin ɗaukaka na gidajen ibada na Angkor ya kasance tsakanin ƙarni na XNUMX da XNUMX, amma hare-haren Mongoliya daga arewa da Siamese daga kudu sun haifar da watsi da gidajen ibada a 1594, Siem Riep kasancewa daga baya babban birnin Kambodiya. Tabbacin da ba a taba tabbatarwa ba, tunda an bar gidajen ibada a cikin jinƙan daji ba tare da Siamese sun ci nasara a kansu ba har sai, ƙarnuka bayan haka, masanin halitta ɗan Faransa ya gano wannan "ɓatacciyar duniyar" yayin balaguron neman malam buɗe ido.

Tare da fiye da An kirga abubuwan tarihi 900da gidajen ibada na angkor Sun kasance ba a bar su ba har tsawon ƙarni, kasancewar Angkor Wat shi kaɗai wanda ya ci gaba da adanawa da sufaye masu addinin Buddha a yankin har yau.

Ana ɗauka mafi girman hadaddiyar Hindu a duniya kuma mai girma Alamar ƙasar Kambodiya, an tsara rukunin Angkor UNESCO Wurin Tarihi na Duniya a cikin 1992. Gem mai ban mamaki wanda ya zama ɗayan manyan abubuwan jan hankali na kowane kasada a kudu maso gabashin Asiya kuma musamman a cikin ƙasar Kambodiya da ke kewaye da wannan wurin bautar da ficus, murmushi allahiya da wasu daga cikin mafi kyau faduwar rana a duniya.

Kuna so ku shiga cikin kyawawan kyawawan gidajen ibada na Angkor?

Ziyartar gidajen ibada na Angkor

Theungiyar Angkor tana ɗaya daga cikin mafi girma a duniya, wanda shine dalilin da yasa ziyarce-ziyarce koyaushe zasu dogara da lokacin da zaku ziyarci duk yankin. Idan a cikin lamarinku kuna son yin hanzarin safiya ko rana don ziyarci yankin da aka fi wakilta, waɗannan sune wurare mafi mahimmanci a cikin Angkor cewa ba za ku iya rasa ba:

Angkor Wat

Angkor Wat panorama

Haikali mafi mahimmanci kuma mafi ɗaukar hoto a Angkor Ya tsaya a yankin tsakiyar, wanda ke da nisan kilomita 5.5 arewa da Siemp Reip, birni mafi kyau wanda za'a yi amfani dashi azaman tushe don sanin yankin. Wahayi zuwa ga tatsuniyoyin Mount Meru na Tibet da gina don girmama allahn Hindu Vishnu, Angkor (babban birni a Sanskrit) Wat (haikalin a cikin yare ɗaya) ya sami mamaci ne daga Yammacin duniya a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX, ya zama yanki na tsakiya na Makarantar Faransanci na Gabas ta Gabas, mai kula da bincike da sake gina abubuwan tunawa na Asiya na Indochina da Faransawa suka mamaye. Wuri mai ban sha'awa wanda ya ƙunshi shahararrun hasumiyoyi guda uku waɗanda ke gayyatarku ɓacewa tsakanin sassan da masanan addinin Buddha suka kare, wuraren shakatawa na waje waɗanda gandun daji ya mamaye ko faɗuwar rana wanda ya sami ɗayan mafi kyawun wurare a duniya.

Bayon

Murmushin murmushi na gidajen ibada na Bayón

An dauke shi a matsayin tsohon birni masarauta, Angkor Thom wani ɗayan manyan hadaddun ne a cikin Angkor kanta tare da haɓaka har zuwa 9 murabba'in mita. Wurin da ya fi dacewa don jin daɗin zakuna waɗanda suka ƙetare ƙofar Phimeanakas, Terrace na giwaye na musamman amma, musamman, Bayón, yankin haikalin da ya shahara saboda Hasumiya 54, a cikin wanne ya fito wanda Buddha ke bayyana a dukkan ɓangarorin huɗu, ko musamman sama 200 zane-zanen murmushi wanda aka zana ta sasanninta.

Ta Prohm

Bishiyar Itace Ta Promh

Da aka sani da Haikalin Tushen, Ta Prohm ya kammala tiriniti na Angkor, kasancewar shi ma ɗayan wuraren da aka ɗauki hoto sosai a yankin. Dalilin ba wani bane face yanayin haikalin da aka watsar a tsakiyar daji, wanda ya jagoranci masu fasahar Makarantar Faransanci su ajiye shi a cikin yanayin da suka same shi. Wannan yana haifar da kasancewar manyan bishiyoyin ɓaure da ke ratsa wasu gidajen ibada kafa wani yawon shakatawa mai ban sha'awa.

Idan kuna da ƙarin lokaci don ziyartar haikalin, zaku iya zaɓar wani hanya ciki har da Preah Khan, Neal Pean, sanannen sanannen macizai, ko Haikalin Mata, wanda aka fi sani da Banteasy Srei, wanda yake ɗan nesa da Central Angkor.

Bayani kan ziyartar gidajen ibada na Angkor

Banteasy Srei a cikin Angkor

Jadawalin Angkor Ana tafiyar da shi ta hanyar wucewar rana, don haka ana buɗe gidajen ibada da ƙarfe 5 na safe kuma suna rufewa da ƙarfe 17:00 na yamma. Jadawalin da zai bawa maziyarci damar fara zuwa farko da safe daga garin Siem Riep na kusa da shi kuma ya ji daɗin keɓancewar hadadden don haɗuwa da fitowar rana. In ba haka ba, faɗuwar rana koyaushe shine mafi kyawun lokacin ɗaukar hoto.

Rigar lokacin shiga Angkor ya kamata ta tsallake kafada da gwiwoyi, don haka yana da kyau a rufe kamar yadda ya kamata.

Game da farashin tikiti, ana iya siyan waɗannan dangane da lokacin da kuke son jin daɗin Angkor don farashi daban-daban. Tikiti na kwana 1 sunkai dala 37, kwana 2 da 3 daloli 62 yayin da mafi tsada, sati ɗaya, yakai dala 72.

Hanya mafi kyau don jin daɗin gidajen ibada na Angkor dangane da yanayin.

Shin kuna son gano wannan abin mamakin na Kambodiyanci?


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