Mōʻaukala o India Kahuna: Kanaka Kahiko, Aryans a me Brahmanism

ʻO Dravidas

La ʻInia He penikala ākea ia o ʻAsia, kahi ʻāina ākea mai ka wā o ka wā kahiko kahi hiʻohiʻona o kahi lāhui akamai. Ua makemake nā kahawai a me ke aniau i ka hoʻohana ʻana i kekahi mau mea kanu, ʻo ia hoʻi nā laiki a me nā pulupulu.

Inā pono e kamaʻilio kekahi no nā lāhui primitive ma India, e haʻi kekahi i ka nā poʻe dravidians, ka poʻe o ke kino pōkole a me ka ʻili ʻeleʻele, ka poʻe i ʻike i ke keleawe a hoʻomaʻamaʻa i ka mahiʻai i ka wā o ka XNUMX millennium BC. Ua noho nā Dravidians i nā kauhale a loaʻa iā lākou nā manaʻo hoʻomana polytheistic.

ʻO kekahi kumu e haʻi e pili ana i ka mōʻaukala kahiko o India ka Hoʻouka kaua Aryan ua hana ʻia i ka lua o ka millennium BC, kahi hui kanaka i komo i ke komohana, ke kumu o nā aborigines. ʻO nā Aryans, ka mea i noho ma ke kai Caspian ma mua a he mau kahu hipa lākou, i hoʻonohonoho ʻia e ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā aupuni liʻiliʻi. Ua hana ʻia kahi lā nui i ka makahiki 321 i ka manawa a ke aliʻi Chandragupta Mauria i hui hou ai iā lākou i kahi aupuni nui nona ke kapikala i kapa ʻia ʻo Pataliputra. Ua loaʻa i ka mōʻī Maurian kona wā lanakila me King Asoka, ka mea hoʻolaha nui o ka hoʻomana Buddha. Ua hoʻonohonoho ka poʻe Aryans i ke kaiāulu i kahi ala aristocratic. ʻO ko lākou mau akua nui ʻo Dyaus Pitar, Varuna, Mitra, Indra, Vishnu, a me Agni.

Ma kahi o ka XNUMX kenekulia ka brahmanism a me nā castes. Kau ʻia ʻo Brahma ma ke ʻano he mea hana honua, ma luna o nā akua ʻē aʻe. Eia hou, ua hānau ʻia ka manaʻo o ka transmigration o nā ʻuhane a i ʻole ke ola hou ʻana. Hana ʻia ka ʻōnaehana caste kaiaulu e nā Brahmans a i ʻole nā ​​kāhuna, shatria ʻo nā mea hanohano a koa paha, vaysias a mea kālepa paha a me sudras a i ʻole nā ​​kauā. Me ka mea hope loa, ʻaʻohe pilina.

More 'ikepili: ʻO nā Curiosities e pili ana i ka moʻomeheu o India

Photo: Ka Lani Nui


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