ʻO nā ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi o India

ʻInia ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻāina nui a lehulehu hoʻi o ka honua. Loaʻa nā mea hou aʻe ma mua o 1.400 miliona poʻe noho aʻo ia ka hiku o nā ʻāina nui loa ma ka honua. He pilikua ʻoiaʻiʻo. A ʻae, nui ka poʻe e ʻōlelo i nā ʻōlelo he nui, i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ke haʻohaʻo nei mākou ... he aha nā ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi o India?

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ma mua o iwakālua mau ʻōlelo i ka ʻāina ʻoiai he nui nā wahi, akā hiki iā mākou ke hana i kahi papa inoa pōkole a hoʻonohonoho iā lākou i kahi papa inoa o nā ʻōlelo koʻikoʻi. No laila, hiki iā mākou ke hōʻemi iā lākou i 10.

Hindi

Hoʻomaka mākou me ka ʻōlelo i makemake nui ʻia o nā mea āpau aʻo ka mea e ʻōlelo i ka hapa nui o ka poʻe i ka ʻāina. Helu ʻia ia 336 miliona poʻe ʻōlelo Hindi. ʻO 40% ia o ka heluna nui o ka lāhui, no laila me ka nui o nā mea ʻōlelo ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻōlelo ʻelua i loaʻa ke kūlana "kūhelu".

ʻ speaklelo Hindi i Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Delhi a i ʻole Bihar, no ka laʻana. ʻO ka ʻōlelo Hindi ka ʻōlelo i hiki ke hoʻihoʻi ʻia i ka ʻōlelo i ʻōlelo ʻia a puni ʻo Delhi i ka wā kahiko. Ma mua o kāna hana maʻamau e pili ana i ka walaʻau Delhi aia kekahi mau ʻano ʻē aʻe, akā mai ka kenekulia XNUMX i hoʻomaka, ua hoʻomaka ka ulu ʻana o Hindi hou a lilo i mea kaulana i ka wā i lawe ʻia ai nā kolone Pelekane ma ke ʻano he lingua franca.

I kēia lā ʻo ia ka ʻōlelo kūhelu ma nā mokuʻāina ʻeiwa a ʻekolu mau panalāʻau, a, e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ʻo ia kekahi o nā ʻōlelo aupuni ʻelua (English ka lua).

Bengali

ʻO ia ka ʻelua ʻōlelo i ʻōlelo ʻia ma India ma hope o Hindi. Manaʻo ʻia he 8% o ka heluna kanaka e ʻōlelo ana a penei 83 miliona mau haʻi ʻōlelo ka mea i hoʻomoana nui ʻia ma nā moku hikina o ka ʻāina.

Ua ulu kēia ʻōlelo ma kahi o 1300 mau makahiki, akā ua hoʻomaka ke ʻano o kēia manawa i nā kenekulia XNUMX a me XNUMX. I kēia lā ʻo ia ka ʻōlelo kūhelu o Bangladesh ʻOiai ʻo ka hapa nui o ka ʻōlelo ʻia ma kekahi mau ʻāpana o India aia kekahi hapa liʻiliʻi ma nā kūlanakauhale India e like me Delhi, Mombai a me Varanasi.

Manaʻo nā loea iā ia ʻo ka lua o nā ʻōlelo nani loa o ka honua ma hope o Palani, a ua hoʻokumu ʻia ka lā ʻōlelo makuahine ma ka ʻōlelo Bengali.

Keluku

ʻLelo ʻia ka ʻōlelo Telugu 82 miliona mau kānaka ma India, ma kahi o 7% o ka heluna lehulehu. ʻIke loa mākou iā ia ma nā mokuʻāina hema e like me Telangana, nā mokupuni ʻo Nicobar, Pradesh a me Andaman.

Loaʻa iā ia ka peculiarity ʻo ia wale nō ka ʻōlelo ma ka ʻaoʻao hikina o ka honua i loaʻa nā huaʻōlelo āpau e pau ana i kahi leo kani. Aia kahi kaiāulu nui o nā haʻi ʻōlelo Telugu ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a ke hoʻomau nei ia e ulu.

ʻOiaʻiʻo leʻaleʻa: ʻO ka pīʻāpā Telugu ka helu alabeta ʻoi loa ma hope o Kōlea.

Malapi

ʻO kekahi pakeneka like o nā Indians e ʻōlelo nei i kēia ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe, ʻo Marathi. ʻOiai ma India e ʻōlelo ʻia a puni 72 miliona mau kānaka manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia e hoʻohui nei i nā Indians ʻole ma kahi o 90 miliona i ka huina.

ʻLelo ʻia ʻo Marathi i nā mokuʻāina ʻo Goa, Daman, Maharashtra, Dadra, Diu, a me Nagar Haveli. ʻO ka nui o kāna mau huaʻolelo i lawe ʻia mai Persian, Urdu, a me ʻAlapia. ʻO ka mea e pāhaʻi nei, i kēia mau manawa o ka hoʻokomo a me ka hoʻohewa a me nā hoʻoponopono ʻana i nā ʻōlelo ola, he Marathi kā kahi ʻekolu ʻōnaehana kāneʻae, ʻaʻole ʻelua. Aia kekahi neuter ʻaʻole wahine a kāne ʻole.

Tamil

Ua koho ʻia aia nō 61 miliona mau Inikini e ʻōlelo ana iā Tamil, 6% o ka lāhui lehulehu. Manaʻo ʻia ʻo Tamil kekahi o nā ʻōlelo ola mua loa o ka honua, ʻoiai ke kumu i hoʻihoʻi ʻia ai i 500 BC

ʻLelo ʻia ʻo Tamil ma nā mokuʻāina o Andaman, nā moku ʻo Nicobar, Tamil Nadi, Kerala, a me Puducherry.

Kanākā

Me he mea lā e ʻōlelo ʻia kēia ʻōlelo e 55 miliona mau kānaka, kahi e kū ai i 4% o ka heluna kanaka o India. Manaʻoʻiʻo ʻia nō hoʻi kēlā ʻo ia ka ʻōlelo kahiko loa ma ka ʻāina, ʻoiai ma mua o Tamil a me Sanskrit. Inā pēlā, ʻoi aku ia ma mua o 2500 mau makahiki ...

ʻ spokenlelo ʻia ʻo Kannada ma nā mokuʻāina ʻo Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, a me Karnataka. He 34 mau consonants a Kannada a me 13 mau leo ​​a ʻo ia wale nō ka ʻōlelo ʻ thatnia a kahi haole i hana ai i kahi puke wehewehe ʻōlelo. ʻO Ferdinand Kittel ka mea nāna i mālama.

Urdu

Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia ʻōlelo ma ka Central Indo-Aryan civilisation a hōʻike 5% o ka heluna kanaka o India. ʻO ia hoʻi, 52 miliona mau kānaka he ʻōlelo lākou iā lākou. Lohe ʻia ʻo Urdu ma India holoʻokoʻa akā ma nā mokuʻāina ʻo Bihar, Telangana, Delhi, Ottar Pradesh, Kashmir a me Jammu.

Hiki i nā mea kākau ʻōlelo Punjabi ke hoʻomaopopo i nā mea ʻōlelo Urdu, akā ʻaʻole hiki i nā mea ʻōlelo Urdu, no ka mea, ʻokoʻa ka phonology. No Urdu kekahi mau huaʻōlelo Pelekania khaki o makani pāhulu.

Kuhalaki

Ua manaʻo ʻia he ʻōlelo Dravidian a ʻōlelo ʻia e 4% o ka heluna kanaka o India: ʻo ia, 46 miliona poʻe Manaʻo ʻia aia nō ia ma ke kenekulia XNUMX i ka wā i hoʻomaka ai e hoʻohana no nā hana ʻoihana i nā waihona panakō a i ʻole nā ​​leka a me nā palapala ʻoihana.

Pehea kēia? ʻO ia gujarati ʻO ka hui ʻana o nā ʻōlelo ʻekolu, ʻo Gujarati ponoʻī, ʻo Urdu a me Sindhi. Ma hea ka haʻiʻōlelo? Ma Dadra, Nagar Haveli, Daman, Diu a me Gujarat.

X.

Me he mea lā pau ka hapa nui o nā huaʻōlelo i kēia ʻōlelo me "am". ʻ millionlelo ʻia e 33 miliona mau kānaka a ʻo ia ka 3% o ka heluna nui o ka ʻāina. Hiki iā ʻoe ke lohe iā ia ma nā mokuʻāina ʻo Kerala, Lakshadweep a me Puducherry.

I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ma Kerala aia he 14 mau moku a hoʻohana kēlā me kēia i kahi ʻano ʻano ʻē aʻe o Malayalam ...

Odia

ʻO kekahi ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe e ʻōlelo ʻia e 3% o ka heluna India, akā ʻaʻole ia heʻuʻuku. 32 miliona poʻe 'Lelo nui ʻia ma ka hikina o ka ʻāina, i ka Mokuʻāina ʻo Odisha, ma luna o ke kai kūʻono o Bengal.

ʻO ia ke ono o ka ʻōlelo i koho ʻia e like me 'ōlelo classical i India, ʻoiai he moʻolelo lōʻihi kona a ʻaʻole i hui nui ʻia me nā ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe. ʻO ka palapala kahiko loa i ka inaina e hoʻi ana i ka XNUMX kenekulia BC.

ʻO kaʻoiaʻiʻoʻo ia 'ōlelo ka hapa nui o nā Indians i kekahi mau ʻōlelo a me ka ʻōlelo Pelekania, ʻoiai lākou he kolone Pelekane no ka manawa lōʻihi a hiki i kēia lā, he ʻōlelo kūhelu ka English. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua lilo ia i ʻōlelo alahaka ma waena o ka poʻe noho ma ka hema a me ka ʻākau o ka ʻāina.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

5 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1.   salima ia

    ʻO Hindu koʻu inoa, he akua wahine ia na ke aloha a me ke akamai. ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu ke kumu a koʻu makuakāne i hāʻawi mai ai iaʻu, ʻo ka mea aʻu e ʻike ai makemake nui nā kāne o kēia wahi o ka honua iaʻu.

  2.   salima ia

    ʻO wau ʻo Salima mai Panama mai, ʻekolu mau miliona mau kamaʻāina o koʻu ʻāina, eia nō ʻaʻohe mea naʻu e ʻike ai ma laila lākou a ma nā wahi āpau paha o ka honua kahi a lākou e neʻe ai.

  3.   juanita guadalipe ia

    e ka makua kāne i nā ʻōlelo āpau ke waiho !!!!!!!!!!!!!

  4.   britni guadeloupe ia

    Inā kōkua kāu ʻōlelo iaʻu, akā makemake wau e ʻike he aha nā mea i hoʻohana ʻia e hana i kēia mau mea āpau.

  5.   Carlos Guevara ia

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