ʻĀina archaeological o Tierradentro, ma Cauca

ʻo colombian civilisation colombia

ʻO kekahi o nā waiwai nui o ka noho mua o Columbian ma Kolomepia aia i ka ʻO Tierradentro National Archaeological Park. Ua hoʻolaha ʻia kēia mālama ʻāpuna i kahua hoʻoilina honua e UNESCO ma 1995 a aia ia i loko o ka ʻOihana Cauca, kikoʻī i nā kaona o Belalcázar a me Inzá.

Hoʻonohonoho ʻia nā koena nui a puni ke kaona o Sana Anaru o Pisibala, kahi o topology paʻakikī kahi e nui ai nā kuahiwi a me nā ana kūlohelohe. Kuhi ʻia ka pā ma ke ʻano he kekahi o nā mea kupaianaha ʻehiku o Colombia.

ʻIke o nā waiwai archaeological

ʻOiai ua loaʻa i ka poʻe Sepania nā mea a me nā lole ʻē aʻe o nā lāhui kahiki ma ka moku ʻo Tierradentro i ka wā o ka noho kolone, hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka ʻike maoli i ka makahiki 1936. ʻO ia ke kauka Alfredo Navia, Kia'āina o ka 'Oihana o Cauca, ua kauoha ʻia i ka noiʻi ʻepekema koʻikoʻi mua o ia wahi.

ʻO Georg burg ʻO ia ke kālaihonua nāna i alakaʻi i ka mākaʻikaʻi ʻana i nā kahua koʻikoʻi o ka moku ʻo Tierradentro, mahalo i ke kōkua nui o ka poʻe mahiʻai ma ia wahi. No laila, ʻike ʻia nā mea, nā kia hoʻomanaʻo a me nā wahi he lehulehu.

Me nā hana kikoʻī a me nā hana hana, ua mākaʻikaʻi ʻo Burg i nā papa muliwai o ka ʻāina, alakaʻi i nā ʻeli ʻana, nā ala ahi e ʻā ana i loko o ka ululāʻau, a kūkulu i kahi kikoʻī palapala ʻāina archaeological o ke kaiapuni.

Ke kūkulu nei ma luna o kā Burg hana, hoʻomau mau nā kime o nā archeologists e mākaʻikaʻi i ka wahi a ʻike i nā wahi archaeological lehulehu a hiki i kēia lā.

Nā pūnaewele archaeological o Tierradentro

Ma ke ala e hoʻohui i nā kaona o San Andrés de Pisimbalá a me Neiva nā ala i nā wahi archaeological nui o Tierradentro. Ma nā wahi āpau a mākou e ʻike ai hale kupapaʻu ma lalo o ka honua a i ʻole hypogeaa me nā kiʻi pōhaku.

Kūkulu ʻia ka māla archaeological ma kahi o ʻelima mau wahi nui:

  • Kiʻekiʻe ʻAvocado.
  • ʻO Alto de San Andrés.
  • Puu o Segovia.
  • ʻO Alto del Duende.
  • ʻO ka Papa.

Ma waho aʻe o kēia mau wahi, pono ke kipa aku i hale hōʻikeʻike ʻelua o Tierradentro: ka archaeological a me ka lāhui. Aia lāua ʻelua i ke kaona ʻo San Andrés.

Hipogea

Ma mua o kahi noho lehulehu, ʻo Tierradentro ka mea nui neʻolopoli i noho i ka wahi o ka oi ma mua o 2.000 kilomika kilomika. Aia nā hale kupapaʻu ma nā wahi he nui, ʻo Segovia ka lunamakaʻāinana nui loa. Ua eli ʻia kēia mau keʻena kanu ma ka pōhaku ma mua o 3.000 mau makahiki i hala aku nei i o mākou nei me ke kūlana kūpono.

hypogeum

Nā Hypogeums o ka Tierradentro Archaeological Park

Ke hōʻike nei ka hypogea i kahi lāhui (i bapetizo ʻia ma ke ʻano he "Tierradentro culture"), ka mea i manaʻo i ka make ma ke ʻano he pae hou aʻe o ke ola. Mamuli o ka paia pena a me ka trousseau hoʻolewa loaʻa i loko o lākou ua kuhi ʻia i loko o lākou i hana ai nāʻoihana hoʻomana pili i ka transit i ka afterlife.

ʻO ka hapa nui o nā hale kupapaʻu i hao wale ʻia i mau makahiki he nui ma mua o ka hōʻea ʻana o ko ʻEulopa. ʻO nā waiwai i mālama ʻia i loko o nā hale hōʻikeʻike i kēia mau lā he ʻāpana liʻiliʻi wale nō ia o ka waiwai kumu o kēia mau wahi.

Ma Tierradentro aia 162 hypogea kikoʻī i hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia, a ʻo kekahi o lākou e piʻi i nā nui a hiki i 12 mau mika ākea.

Nā kiʻi a me nā ʻāpana archaeological

Hoʻopili pū ka mea nui i ka manaʻo o ka poʻe huakaʻi. kiʻi kiʻi pōhaku ua hānai ʻia ma ia wahi, ʻoi aku ma mua o 500. Huna ka hapanui o lākou i ka nahelehele a ʻike ʻole i ke kukui a hiki i ka waena o ke kenekulia XNUMX.

Kauahi

Nā kiʻi o nā «koa» o Tierradentro

Hōʻike kēia mau kiʻi poʻe koa, ʻoiai ʻo ka hapa nui o lākou hoʻokokoke. Kālai ʻia lākou me nā kikoʻī a me ka nui o ka expressiveness. Ua ʻoi aku kekahi o lākou i ehiku mau mika ke kiʻekiʻe. Maliʻa paha ko lākou hana he "kiaʻi" o nā hale kupapaʻu.

ʻIke, ʻO Juan de Gertrudis, ka Spaniard mua i ʻike i kēia mau kiʻi i 1757, ua wehewehe iā lākou he a "Ka hana maoli a ka diabolo". I kēia manawa, kau ʻia nā kiʻi kūpale e pale ai i ka hao wale ʻana.

Ma waho aʻe o nā hale kupapaʻu a me nā kiʻi, ua waiho mai kēia lāhui i mua o Columbian iā mākou i mau laʻana he nui o kona mākaukau i ka hana gula. Hōʻike nā hale hōʻikeʻike i nā kūpeʻe gula a me nā pale i manaʻo ʻia e hoʻohana ʻia i kā lākou hana. Hōʻike ʻia nā mea kupaianaha loa i ka nani Hale Hōʻikeʻike gula ʻo Bogotá.

E kipa aku iā Tierradentro Park

Valle del Cauca

E kipa aku i ka Archaeological Park o Tierradentro

A hiki i kēia manawa ʻaʻole hiki e kipa aku i ka Tierradentro Archaeological Park. Aia kekahi hana guerrilla nui a puni kēia ʻāina (ʻo ka hapa nui o ka wahi i kaohi ʻia e ka FARC).

ʻO ka mea pōmaikaʻi, ua loli kēia kūlana a i kēia lā ua kipa hou ʻo Tierradentro mai nā mākaʻikaʻi a me nā haumāna archeology. He kipa nui ma Colombia no nā mea aloha i ka mōʻaukala.

ʻO ke komo ʻana i ka pāka e uku ʻia ai nā 35.000 Kolomani (ma kahi o 8 Euro). Aia nā kumukūʻai kūikawā no nā haumāna, nā līlī a me nā lālā o nā ʻōiwi o ia wahi. Hiki i nā keiki ma lalo o 16 ke komo manuahi. ʻO ke kumukūʻai o ka likiki no nā mākaʻikaʻi a me nā kamaʻāina haole ʻo 50.000 euro (ma kahi o 11,5 euro).

 


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

4 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1.   Paula Andrea ia

    He haumāna no ka hoʻokipa a me ka mākaʻikaʻi makemake wau e ʻike i nā mea āpau e pili ana i ka gastronomy o ka ʻāina i loko

  2.   ʻO Mary T ia

    ʻAʻole maopopo iaʻu ʻo ke kiʻi (kiʻi) i kēia ʻatikala no ka moʻomeheu Tierradentro, no ka mea, maopopo iaʻu ua nīnau ʻia kekahi mau lole gula i loaʻa no kēia lāhui a he mea ʻē aʻe paha kekahi. nā moʻomeheu a lākou i noho ai ma hope ma ka ʻāina o ka Tierradentro ...

    Ke waiho nei i ka hopohopo (kahi aʻu e lana ai e pane a / a pololei paha kekahi), ʻaʻole ʻoe e noʻonoʻo he kiʻi Mickey Mouse kā ke kiʻi o kēia ʻano "koʻi" shamanic? 😉

  3.   Mauricio ardila lara ia

    a ʻaʻole e uku ʻo Mr. Walt Disney a me kāna hui i ka plagiarism o
    ke kiʻi o ka shaman o uka i kēia manawa kaulana a kaulana ʻia kaʻiole mickey e uku i nā kuleana aʻu i manaʻo ʻole ai.

  4.   ʻānela migel ia

    yhht io lo