Colombia, kahi ʻāina moʻomeheu

nā moʻomeheu o Colombia

E like me nā ʻāina ʻAmelika ʻē aʻe, He ʻāina moʻomeheu ʻo Colombia, ipu hoʻoheheʻe o nā lāhui āpau a me nā lāhui. ʻOi loa kēia waiwai a me nā ʻano ʻokoʻa ʻO ia kekahi o nā haʻaheo nui o ka poʻe Colombian a kahi ʻāpana maikaʻi o kāna kumu i noho ai.

ʻO ka moʻomeheu a me ka lāhui ʻokoʻa o kēia ʻāina ʻAmelika Hema ka hopena o ka hui ʻana o nā hui lāhui ʻekolu i hoʻomaka mai nā ʻāina ʻekolu: ʻAmelika, ʻEulopa a me ʻApelika. Ua hoʻomaka kēia hana me ka hōʻea ʻana mai o ka Paniolo ʻelima mau kenekulia i hala a hoʻomau i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a hiki i kēia lā me ka hōʻea ʻana o nā malihini mai nā ʻāina he nui ma ʻEulopa, ka Hikina Waena a, i kahi liʻiliʻi, mai nā ʻāina ʻAsia.

I ka helu kanaka hope loa i lawe ʻia ma Colombia, ʻo ka hapa nui o ka heluna kanaka (ma kahi o 87%, ʻo ia hoʻi, ʻoi aku ma mua o 38 miliona mau kānaka) i hoʻonohonoho ʻia "me ka lāhui ʻole." Hōʻike ʻia kēia i ka ʻikepili o ka ʻOihana Keʻena Heluhelu Aupuni (DANE). Eia naʻe, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo kahi ʻāpana nui o ka heluna kanaka, i kahi nui a i ʻole liʻiliʻi, ka hopena o ka miscegenation.

I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo kēia ʻano «me ka ʻole o ka lāhui» e lawelawe i ka hapa nui o nā Colombians hiki ʻole ke kapa inoa ʻia i nā ʻāpana kikoʻī e like me ka ʻO Afro-Colombian (ʻaneʻane 3 miliona mau kānaka) a i ʻole ʻōiwi (1,9 miliona).

ʻokoʻa lāhui colombia

Colombia, kahi ʻāina moʻomeheu.

Nā hui lāhui nui o Colombia

ʻO Colombia kekahi o nā ʻāina me ka lāhui a me ka linguistic ʻōlelo like ʻole i ka honua. ʻO kēia nā pūʻulu koʻikoʻi nui:

Lāhui huikau

ʻO lākou ka hui nui. Hoʻomaka ka miscegenation ma waena o ʻEulopa a me ʻAmelika ʻAmelika mai nā makahiki mua o ka lanakila ʻana o Sepania. ʻO ka hui mestizo ʻO ia ka lehulehu ma Colombia a ʻike pinepine ʻia ma nā wahi āpau. Ua manaʻo ʻia aia ma kahi o 80% o Colombians ka Europa a me nā ʻōiwi ʻōiwi.

Caucasians

He pūʻulu liʻiliʻi ia ma mua o ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā kumu o ʻEulopa. ʻO ka heluna keʻokeʻo ʻo ia ka mea i ʻoi aku a ʻoi paha i ka hapakolu o ka heluna lehulehu o Colombia. ʻO Sepania kāna kūpuna a, i kahi liʻiliʻi, ʻo ʻItalia hoʻi, Kelemania, Palani a mai nā ʻāina Slavic. ʻO Bogota lāua ʻo Medellin ʻO lākou nā kūlanakauhale ʻelua me ka pākēneka kiʻekiʻe loa o ka heluna keʻokeʻo o ka ʻāina.

ʻO Colombians Afro-Colombians

Hoʻololi ka heluna o nā Colombians i loko o kēia hui e like me nā ʻano haʻawina like ʻole, ʻoiai aia ia mai 7% a 25%, e hilinaʻi ana inā ʻaʻole paha nā hui ʻē aʻe e like me ka nā aʻa aiʻole palenqueros. Me he mea lā ua ʻoi aku ka nui o ka ʻaelike e pili ana i ka māhele kanaka o ka ʻO Colombians Afro, kālele pono ʻia ma kahakai Pākīpika. I ka ʻOihana Chocó ʻo kahi laʻana, ʻoi loa ka nui o kēia hui i ka hapanui.

ʻO kēia ʻāpana o ka lāhui Colombian ke kumu o nā kauā ʻeleʻele i lawe ʻia e ka ikaika mai nā ʻāina ʻApelika a ʻAmelika. I kēia lā ua ʻike piha ke Kumukānāwai Colombian i nā kuleana, ka moʻomeheu, nā loina a me nā loina o Afro-Colombians.

ʻO ka poʻe'ōiwi

ʻO ka pākēneka o ka heluna ʻōiwi i Colombia i hoʻoliʻiliʻi nui ʻia i ke kenekulia i hala a i kēia lā ke kū nei ma kahi o 4-5%. Wahi a ka Census 2005, ma kahi o ka hapalua o ka ʻōiwi pili ka ʻāina i nā keʻena o La Guajira, Cauca a me Nariño. Ua hōʻoia ka Kumukānāwai 1991 i ka ʻike ʻia o nā kuleana nui o kēia mau lāhui. ʻO ka waiwai waiwai a moʻomeheu o kēia mau lāhui (ʻōlelo ʻia he 64 ʻ languageslelo Amerindian ma Colombia).

Nā Arab

E hele mai ana mai nā ʻāina Hikina Waena e like me Suria a me Lebanona i hoʻomaka e hōʻea i ka ʻāina ma ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX. Helu ʻia ia aia ma kahi o 2,5 miliona mau Colombians o ko ʻArabia kumu, ʻoiai kahi hapa liʻiliʻi o lākou e ʻōlelo nei he Muslim.

Ka lole cumbia Colombian

ʻO nā kapa komo maʻamau o ka cumbia Colombian

Nā hōʻike moʻomeheu o Colombia

ʻO ka hopena kala o ka huikau o ka poʻe ʻEulopa, nā lāhui ʻōiwi a me nā ʻApelika e hāpai i nā ʻōlelo moʻomeheu lehulehu a ʻano ʻokoʻa e hana ai ʻO Colombia kahi ʻāina moʻomeheu e like me kakaikahi i ka honua.

I ka substrate moʻomeheu o nā lāhui ʻōiwi, ua hoʻohui ka Paniolo, i waena o nā mea ʻē aʻe, Kakolika a i ʻole ka ʻōnaehana feudal o encomienda, me ka hoʻohui i nā hāʻawi ʻenehana o ka manawa. ʻO nā ʻApelika, lawe pio ʻia i ka honua hou, lawe pū mai me lākou i nā ʻano moʻomeheu a me nā hana noʻeau hou, ma waena hoʻi o ke kahua o nā mele a me nā hulahula. Ma hope o ka Ke kūʻokoʻa o Colombia, ua hoʻāʻo ka poʻe Creole e hoʻokumu i kahi ʻōnaehana politika pluralistic. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ka hui ʻana o nā hui lāhui like ʻole i hāpai i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā hui lāhui hou.

Kuhikuhipuʻuone, ʻike kiʻi ʻike, moʻokalaleo, mele, gastr gastronomy… I kēlā me kēia wahi o ka moʻomeheu Colombian, aia ka hoʻohui o nā mea ʻokoʻa ma ke ʻano he mea waiwai.

ʻOi loa i ka kahua linguistic Kū ʻo Colombia i kona ʻano like ʻole. ʻO ka Spanish, ka ʻōlelo i ʻōlelo nui ʻia, he nui nā ʻano lelo. Ma ka lima 'ē aʻe, ʻōlelo ʻōiwi He waiwai moʻomeheu waiwai lākou i hana ʻia ma mua o 60 mau ʻōlelo, no Amazonian kahi i kū mai i ka hema o ka ʻāina a me ka ʻohana Arawak ma ka ʻākau.

Eia kekahi hoʻomana ma ke ʻano he moʻomeheu e hopu i kēia moʻomeheu lehulehu. ʻOiai ʻo ka hapa nui o nā Colombians he Kakolika, ma ke ʻano he kūlana pelekane, hōʻoia ʻo Colombia i ke kūʻokoʻa o ka hoʻomana a me nā kuleana o nā kaiāulu haipule e like me nā ʻelele, nā hōʻike a Iēhova, Buddhists, Muslim a Iudaio paha.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1.   JOHN DAVID RANGEL ia

    HELLOAAA

  2.   JOHN DAVID RANGEL ia

    KE ALOHA ANA NEI MAU ANSWERS

  3.   JOHN DAVID RANGEL ia

    HE MAU MAHALO ANA LOA

  4.   nikolldayanna ia

    Kupaianaha ka mea hiki iaʻu ke manaʻoʻiʻo, mahalo, ʻo ʻoe nā vibe maikaʻi maikaʻi loa

  5.   dayana castro ia

    Aww Loo Hoʻonui Ok <3