Nā moʻomeheu prehispanic

Nā moʻomeheu prehispanic

Nā haneli o nā moʻomeheu prehispanic a he nui o nā lāhui kūmole i ulu i ka palena nui o ka ʻAmelika. Me he mea lā he manaʻo kuʻikahi i kū aʻe nā moʻomeheu kiʻekiʻe ma mua o Columbian ma Mesoamerica a me nā Andes, ʻo lākou ka Anasazi, Mexico, Tolteca, Teotihuacana, Zapoteca, Olmeca, Maya, Muisca, Cañaris, Moche, Nazca, Chimú, Inca a Tiahuanaco me kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe..

ʻO lākou āpau he mau kaiāulu lākou me nā ʻōnaehana paʻakikī o ka hoʻonohonoho politika a me ka nohona a iā mākou ua waiho ʻia mākou me nā faile o kā lākou moʻomeheu noʻeau a me ko lākou mau hoʻomana haipule. I ke koena o ka ʻāina, like ka holomua o ka nohona a me ka moʻomeheu e like ka nui a me nā pilikia e like me ka hoʻokele kaiapuni a i hoʻokumu ʻia paha nā hui kemokalaka kemokalaka ʻAe, i kou heluhelu ʻana, aia ke aupuni a ka lehulehu ma mua o Atenai.

ʻO kekahi o nā mea i haku ʻia a i ʻole nā ​​mea moʻomeheu i hoʻomohala ʻia ma kekahi ʻaoʻao o ka hemisphere a me ka ʻAkelanika nā kalena, nā ʻōnaehana hoʻomaikaʻi genetic no ka palaoa a me kaʻuala, kūkulu anti-seismic, ʻōnaehana hoʻoheheʻe, kākau, metallurgy holomua a me nā hana lole. Ua ʻike nō hoʻi nā lāhui o mua o Columbian i ka huila, akā ʻaʻole ia he mea maikaʻi loa, ma muli o ka haʻi moʻolelo o ka ʻāina a me nā ululāʻau a lākou e noho ai, akā hoʻohana ʻia ia e hana i nā mea pāʻani.

Ma ke ʻano he pae kiʻekiʻe ko lākou i ke kūkulu ʻana i nā heiau a me nā kia hoʻomanaʻo haipule, he mau hiʻohiʻona maopopo nā zae archaeological kaulana loa o Caral, Chavín, Moche, Pachacámac, Tiahuanaco, Cuzco, Machu Picchu a me Nazca, ma ka Central Andes; a me Teotihuacan, Meia Templo, Tajín, Palenque, Tulum, Tikal, Chichén-Itzá, Monte Albán, ma Mesoamerica.

A ma hope o kēia mau memo laulaha ʻike wau i kekahi mea hou aʻe e pili ana i kekahi o nā nā moʻomeheu prehispanic nui loa.

ʻAmelika ma mua o ko ʻEulopa, nā moʻomeheu mua-Hispanic

Ke noʻonoʻo mākou i mua o Columbian a i ʻole mua o ka Hispanic ʻAmelika, ʻelua mau huaʻōlelo a mākou e hoʻohana ai e like me nā synonyms, akā eia nō naʻe kā lākou nuances, kokoke mākou e hele mau i ka Inca Empire, nā Mayas a me nā Aztecs, akā ma hope (a ma mua paha, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka nānā) o kēia mau moʻomeheu koʻikoʻi he mea hou aku.

E like me kāu e noʻonoʻo ai ʻO ka wā ma mua o ka noho kolone ʻana o ʻAmelika mai ka hōʻea ʻana o nā kānaka mua, mai Asia ma o Bering a me ka Neolithic Revolution, a hiki i Columbus i ka 1492. A i loko o ko mākou manaʻo like hui mākou e noʻonoʻo nei iā Central Central a me ʻAmelika Hema, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo no ka mea ʻo nā kaiāulu a me nā lāhui o ʻAmelika Hema he poʻe nomad.

Nā moʻomeheu prehispanic o Colombia

Ma mua o ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā Sepania, ua noho ʻia ka ʻāina ʻo Colombia e nā ʻano ʻōiwi like ʻole, a ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike ʻia e like me nā mea e noho ana ma nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ʻAmelika Hema a i ʻole Central America, he ulu nui ko lākou. pae artistic a moʻomeheu.

Wahi a nā noiʻi i mālama ʻia e nā mea mōʻaukala he nui i loko o nā makahiki, ua hoʻoholo ʻia he ʻekolu mau kaiāulu ʻōlelo nui e noho ana ma Colombia, ʻo Chibchas, Caribe a me Arawak, kahi o nā ʻohana he nui me nā ʻano a me nā ʻōlelo ʻē aʻe.

ʻO ka ʻohana ʻōlelo Chibcha

Noho ia i nā wahi kiʻekiʻe o ka mauna mauna Hikina, ka savotah ʻo Bogotá a me nā pali o kekahi mau muliwai o ka Hikina Plains, no kēia ʻohana kēia mau ʻohana: Arhuacos a me Taironas (Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta), Muiscas (Central Andean Region) , Tunebos (Casanare), Andaquíes (Caquetá), Pastos a me Quillacingas (ʻaoʻao hema), Guambianos a me Paeces (Cauca).

La ʻOhana ʻōlelo Caribbean

Ua hele mai ia mai ka'ākau o Brazil, ua hala lākou i ka'āinaʻo Venezuelan, nā Antilles, a mai laila mai, ua hōʻea lākou i ke kapakai ʻAkelanika, mai kahi a lākou i neʻe ai i nā wahi ʻē aʻe o ka ʻāina. No kēia ʻohana nā ʻohana aʻe: Turbacos, Calamares a me Sinúes (ʻAkelanika ʻAkika), Quimbayas (Central Mountain Range), Pijaos (Tolima, Antiguo Caldas), Muzos a me nā Powers (Nā ʻāina ʻo Santander, Boyacá a me Cundinamarca), Calimas (Valle del Cauca), Motilones (Norte de Santander), Chocoes (Kapakai Pākīpika).

Ka ʻohana ʻ Arlelo Arawak

Ua komo lākou i Colombia ma o ka muliwai Orinoco a aia ma nā wahi like ʻole o ka ʻāina. No kēia ʻohana nā ʻohana aʻe: Guahíbos (Llanos Orientales), Wayus a i ʻole Guajiros (Guajira), Piapocos (Bajo Guaviare), Ticunas (Amazonas).

Nā moʻomeheu prehispanic o Mekiko

Maya

I kona piko, hoʻopuni ke aupuni Mayan a puni ʻo Meso ʻAmelika. Noho lākou i nā ululāʻau o Guatemala, ʻāpana o Yucatán, ma Mekiko, Honduras komohana a me El Salvador. ʻO ia ka manawa ma waena o nā makahiki 300 a me 900 o ko mākou au i ʻike ʻia ai lākou ʻo ka Manawa Kikowaena, a i ka manawa koke, ʻo kekahi o nā mea pohihihi nui, i kona piko, ua hina lākou a nalowale, ʻo nā kumumanaʻo hou loa e pili ana i kēia mea e pili ana i ka hoʻohaumia. o ka wai ma ke ʻano ke kumu o ka napoo ʻana o ka lā.

ʻElua mau haneli mau makahiki ma hope mai ma Chichén Itzá i hele hou mai lākou, akā ua lilo lākou i kahi kaiāulu nāwaliwali loa. He akamai nui nā Mayana i ka ʻepekema a me nā hana noʻeau, mākaukau i ka hana ulana pulupulu a me ka muka agave.

Manaʻo ʻia kāna kuhikuhina i mea maikaʻi loa i ka honua hou, me nā mea hoʻonaninani i nā kōkua, nā kiʻi pena a me nā openwork. Pēlā nō ka hihia me ke kākau ʻana ma mua o nā palapala ʻAmelika ʻē aʻe. Ma waena o nā kūlanakauhale Mesoamerican he nui i hoʻokumu i nā mea nui a nona nā wahi i waiho ʻia ʻo Tikal i nā ululāʻau o Guatemala a me Chichén Itzá ma Yucatán ma Mekiko.

ʻO ka moʻomeheu nui ʻē aʻe a mākou e ʻike ai ka ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ka poʻe Aztec i noho aliʻi ma waena a me ka hema o Mexico i kēia mau lā ma waena o nā kenekulia ʻumikūmāono a me ka ʻumikūmāono. He poʻe lākou ma o nā pili pūʻali koa me nā hui ʻē aʻe a me ka lehulehu i ʻike i ka hoʻonui wikiwiki. Ma hope o ka make ʻana o Moctezuma II i ka makahiki 1520, ua hōʻike ʻia ka nāwaliwali o kēia aupuni nui, no loko mai o ia hoʻonui koke ʻana, i maʻalahi ai ka poʻe Paniolo, alakaʻi ʻia e Hernán Cortés, e hoʻopio i kēia aupuni nui. ʻO nā hana hoʻokele o kēia lāhui ka mahiʻai a me ke kālepa.

Nā moʻomeheu prehispanic o Peru

Pelū

ʻO ka piʻi ʻana o nā Incas mai ka makahiki ʻumikūmālua, i ka hopena, i ka manawa i noho ai kahi ʻohana liʻiliʻi ma ke awāwa o Cuzco, Peru, a hoʻokumu i ko lākou kapikala. Mai laila lākou e hoʻokahuli i ke koena o nā ʻohana a hiki i ko lākou lilo ʻana i aupuni nui nona nā kuʻuna, nā kaʻao a me ka ʻike honua e waiho mau nei i nā lāhui ʻē aʻe o ka pae ʻāina. ʻO kekahi o nā mea e ʻumeʻume i ka manaʻo o ʻo kēia aupuni aupuni i hoʻokumu ʻia i 50 mau makahiki. ʻO kāna ʻōlelo kūhelu ʻo Quechua. A ʻo kā lākou hana waiwai i hoʻokumu ʻia ma ka mahiʻai, ka ʻimi holoholona a me ka lawaiʻa ʻana, ke kālepa ʻana, a me ka mining ʻana.
Ma mua o ka hoʻopau ʻana, makemake wau e hoʻomanaʻo iā ʻoe ʻoiai ʻo ka Incas, Mayas a me Aztecs nā kamaʻāina i ʻoi aku ka nui o nā koina a me nā mea nui, ʻaʻole lākou he poʻe i ka wā o kā lākou ulu ʻana, ʻaʻole ʻo lākou wale nō.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

13 manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1.   lizeth bonila ia

    he waena waena kēia maʻa mau

  2.   JULIANA ANDREA ARBOLEDA LONDOÑO ia

    Pehea ka maikaʻi o nā SOCALES i mālama ai iaʻu

  3.   Andres ia

    uiiop`p` + `+ poliyuhu6yu6ytrftr

  4.   ʻO Eimy yolany ia

    Ua puni iki wau akā mahalo
    Lana koʻu manaʻo e holo kēia i nā poʻe ʻē aʻe

  5.   Leidy Morales ia

    mahalo ʻaʻole e lilo kaiapili

    1.    Leidy Morales ia

      a kope i nā mea āpau

  6.   Karen Tatiana ia

    oh kupaianaha maikaʻi loa ia mea i makemake ai iaʻu e ʻuwā hahahahahaha

  7.   ʻO Daniel Felipe Montero ia

    Maikaʻi loa kēia prehistory a pau o Colombia

  8.   Mauricio ia

    Pono wau i ka moʻomeheu

  9.   ʻOihana 68 ia

    mai kākau i kahi mea ʻaʻole maoli nā kaikamahine mai ʻAnelia a me Bolivia ʻaʻole no Colombia

  10.   ʻo yurani ia

    ʻAʻole maikaʻi kēia akā akā no laila ua maikaʻi ke kumu iaʻu i ka pilikanaka =)

  11.   Loane 33 ia

    He aha nā moʻomeheu āpau o mua o ka Hispanic America

  12.   jeronimo ia

    maikaʻi loa e hoʻopakele iaʻu i kahi hoʻomaha