ʻO ka resin mastic, kahi o Chios

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ʻO ia kekahi o ka nā huahana maʻamau o Helene a mai ka nani mai ia Mokupuni ʻo Chios: la kēpau mastic, ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻōlelo Paniolo ʻo mastic aiʻole mastic.

ʻO kēia kēpau kūpana ʻaʻala nui mai kahi ʻano mastic (pistacia lentiscus) ulu wale ia ma ka hema o kēia mokupuni. ʻO kāna mau waiwai kūikawā a me kona ʻala kū hoʻokahi ka hopena o nā ʻano kūikawā o ke aniau o kēia ʻāpana o ka Aegean a me ka hoʻohui o ka ʻāina ma kēia ʻāpana o Chios. ʻOi aku kona kiʻekiʻe ma mua o nā resins ʻē aʻe e like me ka pine a ʻalemona.

ʻO kahi huahana me nā hoʻohana he nui

No ka wā kahiko ka hoʻohana ʻana o kēia kēpau. Ua palapala ʻia i loko o ka Helene Kānaka ua hoʻohana ʻia e iʻaloa i ka poʻe make, ʻoiai i ka Makahiki Roma He huahana i mahalo nui ʻia e nā wahine o nā ʻohana hanohano, nā mea nāna i nau iā ia e hoʻopau i ka hanu ʻino a hoʻolilo ia iā ia i mea keʻokeʻo niho. ʻO ka huaʻōlelo Sepania "chew" i loaʻa mai kēia hoʻohana kahiko o ka mastic resin.

I nā manawa o ka Ottoman Empire, ua manaʻo ʻia ka mastic he huahana waiwai. Ua hoʻopaʻi ʻia kāna ʻaihue e ka make. ʻO ka inoa Tureke o ka mokupuni ʻo Mokupunihe aha ka manaʻo "Mokupuni laholio".

mastic

Kēpau mastic

I nā manawa hou aku nei, ua hoʻonui ʻia nā noi kūpono o kēia resin prodigious, a lilo i kaulana i ka honua holoʻokoʻa. I kēia lā no ka laʻana, hoʻohana ʻia ia i ka hana o kekahi mau mea kani a aia ma ka haku mele ʻana o nā kala a me nā pena. Hoʻohana ʻia ia ma ke ʻano he digestive a me ka hana ʻana i nā cosmetics. I ka hōʻuluʻulu ʻana, ua papa inoa ʻia ma kahi o 60 mau hoʻohana ʻokoʻa o kēia huahana.

Eia kekahi ma ka ʻaoʻao gastronomic, he nui nā mea e ʻōlelo ai ka mastic resin, me ke kūlana koʻikoʻi i ka Greek, Cypriot, Syrian a me nā meaʻai Lebanona. Me ka hele ʻole i mua, ka rama Helene kaulana nahu loaʻa kekahi hapa uuku akā koʻikoʻi o ia. Akā i ka hoʻohui, he mea mau ma Chios a ma nā wahi ʻē aʻe o Helene e hoʻohui i kahi mau kulu o ka resin i nā berena, nā pōpō, nā ʻaikalima, nā pōpō a me nā kuki.

ʻO Chios mastic kahi mea pono o ka chrism, ka aila laʻa i hoʻohana ʻia no ka poni ʻana i nā hale pule ʻo Orthodox.

Pehea e ulu ai ka mastic?

Ua hala nā kenekulia he nui, akā ʻaʻole i loli iki ke kaʻina hōʻiliʻili resin mastic mai ia manawa a hiki i kēia lā. I nā mahina o ʻAukake a me Kepakemapa, hana nā mea ulu i nā ʻokiʻoki i ka ʻili o ka lāʻau. Hoʻomaka ke kohu gelatinous e kahe i waho, e hāʻule ana i ke ʻano o ka nui, ʻōlinolino waimaka.

Ma hope o 15 a 20 paha mau lā e hāʻule ka resin i ka wāwae o ka lāʻau, hoʻomaloʻo a hana i kahi papa paʻa i ʻānai ʻia e nā mea kanu a holoi ʻia me ka wai hou. Hoʻomaopopo maikaʻi ka wikiō aʻe i ke kaʻina.

Ua koho ʻia ka moʻomeheu Chios mastic resin Ka Hoʻoilina Cultural ʻike ʻole ʻia o ke kanaka na UNESCO ma Nowemapa 27, 2014.

Nā ʻano o ke kēpau mastic

Aia he ʻelua ʻano nui o ke kēpau mastic. Ua ʻokoʻa lākou kekahi i kekahi ma ke ʻano o ka maemae.

  • Kēpau mastic maʻamau, ʻeleʻele i ke kala, i loaʻa nā haumia he nui. ʻOiai ʻo ia, mahalo nui ʻia ia no kāna mau waiwai olakino no ka hana digestive.
  • Kēpau mastic waimakaʻO Pale amber i ke kala, ʻano maʻalahi i ka hoʻopā a me nā aniani i ka helehelena. He aniani a ʻano ʻala loa ia. Hoʻoikaika ia i nā lālā mastic a ʻaʻole e hāʻule i ka honua, ʻo ia ke kumu e maʻa ai ma mua o ka mastic maʻamau. ʻO ke kumukūʻai o kahi kilokilo o ka loiloi mastic waimaka ma kahi o 150 euro.

Mastichochoria: nā kaona resin

ʻO ka ʻaoʻao hema o Chios i ʻike ʻia ma ka inoa o ʻO Mastichochoria (Helene, "kanaka mastic"). Aia he 24 mau wahi āpau nona ka hana i hoʻopuni ʻia i loko o a Palena 'ia o ke kumu e ka Uniona Europa.

ʻO Chios

ʻO Pyrgi, ke kūlanakauhale nui loa ma ka moku ʻo Mastichochoria

Ma waena o nā wahi i loaʻa kahi ola mai ka mahi ʻana o ka mastic, pono mākou e ʻōlelo Pyrgi, Mesta, Armolia, Kalamoti y kalimasia, me kekahi poʻe'ē aʻe.

Aia ka hana o ka mastic resin ma ka mokupuni i ka lima o kahi hui like i hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1938. Mālama pū kēia hui i ka Hale Hōʻikeʻike ʻo Chios Resin, e hāʻawi nei i kahi hōʻike mau loa i ka hana ʻana o kēia waiwai kūlohelohe, kona mōʻaukala, nā ʻano mahi kanu a me nā hoʻohana ʻokoʻa i hāʻawi ʻia iā ia i kēia lā.

Ma ʻAukake 18, 2012, a ahi nahele nunui ma Chios ʻO ia ka mea i koi aku i ka neʻe ʻana o nā kauhale ʻelima ma ka hema o ka mokupuni a ua luku ʻia ma kahi o 7.000 hectare o nā ululāʻau a me nā ʻāina mahiʻai. ʻO ka luku kahi i hōʻino loa i ka moku Mastichochoria, kahi ma kahi o 60% o ka mastic i nalowale. Ua ʻeha ka ʻoihana mastic resin a Pā ikaika a ua hiki ke loaʻa hou i nā pae mua o ka pōʻino i kekahi mau makahiki i hala.


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