Ke aʻo a nā keiki Atenai

aʻo-atenai

I kēlā me kēia manawa ke nānā aku mākou i ka Helene Kānaka ʻike ʻole mākou i ka hoʻohālikelike a me ka kūʻē ma waena Atenai lāua ʻo Sparta. ʻO kēia hoʻi ka hihia i ke aʻo ʻana: ʻO ke aʻo Atenai versus la aʻo spartan.

Nui nā ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā kaona kūlanakauhale ʻelua. ʻO Sparta ka hoʻonaʻauao o ka ʻōpio, i kāhea ʻia ʻAgoge, holo luna o ka mokuʻāina. ʻO ke kumu hoʻokahi o kēia ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa ʻana i nā keiki ma ke ʻano he koa i mua. Ma Atenai, akā, he pilikino ka hoʻonaʻauao a loaʻa iā ia ka hihiʻo ākea ākea, ʻoiai aia he mau ʻokoʻa e like me kēlā me kēia kumu. ʻO ka manaʻo nui i kēlā me kēia hihia ke hānai nā keiki i ko lākou kino a me ko lākou ʻike. Ma nā paukū aʻe e wehewehe mākou i ke kumu o kēia hoʻokokoke ʻana.

ʻO ka mea mua e ʻike ʻia ʻo nā kamaliʻi wale nō i loaʻa i kēia aʻo. Ua hoʻokuʻu ʻia nā kaikamahine i ka home, kahi i aʻo ʻia ai lākou e nā wahine i ka gynoecium. ʻO ka pahuhopu no kēia mau ʻōpio Athena e lilo i mau makuahine a me nā wahine hale maikaʻi i ke ola makua. Koe no nā ʻokoʻa iki, he mea maʻamau kēia ma nā kūlanakauhale Helene a pau.

ʻO Paideia

Ua ʻike ʻia ka ʻōnaehana hoʻonaʻauao o Athens kahiko Paideia. ʻO ka ʻōlelo maʻamau, ʻo ka pahuhopu o kēia aʻo e hiki i nā keiki kāne ke loaʻa i ke kūlana kiʻekiʻe kiʻekiʻe. Ma kahi pae pragmatic hou aʻe, ʻo ka pahuhopu ka hoʻolako ʻana i ke kaiāulu me nā kāne mākaukau maikaʻi e lawe i nā ukana politika a me ka pūʻali koa a lākou e kū pono ai i ke ʻano he kamaʻāina i ka wā makua.

Kiʻi Socrates

Ua aʻo ʻo Socrates i nā kāne ʻōpio he nui o ka aristocracy Athenian a hiki i ka wā i hoʻopaʻi ʻia ai ʻo ia e make ma nā kumu no ka hōʻino ʻana i ka ʻōpio.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ka ʻuhane o ka Paideia ma nā kia ʻehā o kalakigathia:

  • ʻO ka nani o ke kino ma o ka mālama pilikino ʻana a me ka hoʻoikaika kino.
  • Hanohano Moral, e hoʻokaʻawale i ka maikaʻi mai ka hewa.
  • Akamai, loaʻa ma o ka ʻike.
  • Ka wiwo ʻole, kahi pono kūpono e hoʻohana ai i ka luawai ʻekolu i hala.

A hiki i ka makahiki ʻehiku, kaʻana like nā keiki kāne a me nā kaikamahine i nā aʻo kumu, kahi ʻano o nā loina a me nā hiʻohiʻona o ka hana a nā nannies a me nā kauā e mālama ana i kā lākou mālama ʻana i nā keiki ma o ka kuʻuna waha: nā kaʻao, nā mele, Homeric, nā moʻolelo. o nā meʻe, etc. Ua kāhea ʻia kekahi ʻohana waiwai kanaka hele wāwae, ka mea ma mua e mālama i kēia mau hana.

Nā kahua o ka naʻau Atenai

La hoʻokaʻawale ua hana ʻia i ka hiki ʻana i ka makahiki o ʻehiku. A laila ua hoʻomaka nā keikikāne i kā lākou hana formative i ke kula lehulehu a i ʻole didascaleo. Aia ma laila ka grammatists Ua aʻo iā lākou e heluhelu a kākau, a he mea hou e hoʻolauna iā lākou i nā manaʻo kumu o ka makemakika. Noho nā haumāna ma nā noho a hoʻohana i nā papa kēpau a me nā papyri e hana ai i kā lākou haʻawina home. He mea maʻamau ka hoʻopaʻi kino. ʻO ka hoʻomaʻamaʻa mele, i kēia manawa i nā pae āpau, kekahi o nā kumuhana kumu. Ua ʻike ʻia ke kumu e mālama ana i kēia mea kahikina.

Mai ka makahiki 12, ua hoʻokumu ʻia nā keiki i nā haʻuki: mokomoko, lele ʻana, heihei, hoʻolei, ʻauʻau ... Ua hala nā keiki i nā hola he nui i ka palestra, akā hoʻomaʻamaʻa pū lākou i ka nui o ka hoʻoikaika kino i ka lewa, ʻaʻohe o lākou kapa a ma lalo o ka nānā ʻana o ka nā uku ukali. ʻO ke koʻikoʻi o nā haʻuki ke ʻano i ʻike ʻia nā kula akeakamai ma ke ʻano he manawa nā gyms.

I ka hōʻea ʻana i ka makahiki 18, ua lilo ka poʻe ʻōpio i ephebos. ʻO ka ephebia ua lōʻihi ia i ʻelua mau makahiki a ʻo ia ka pae nui i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o nā ʻōpio Atenai. I loko o kēia wā, ua aʻo ʻia lākou i ka hana o ke kaua (hoʻomaʻamaʻa pūʻali koa) a ua aʻo ʻia e lilo i poʻe kamaʻāina kuleana, nā haʻi ʻōlelo maikaʻi, a me nā luna lehulehu maikaʻi.

ʻO ka aʻo ʻana iā Alexander the Great

ʻO Aristotle (kumu) a me Alexander (haumāna) i kahi kahakaha kenekulia XNUMX.

Ua hoʻonui ka poʻe ʻōpio mai nā ʻohana waiwai nui i kā lākou aʻo ʻana ma mua o ka makahiki 21 ma ka lima o ka poʻe akeakamai hanohano a me nā kumu. ʻO kahi hihia kaulana ʻo ka ʻōpio ʻO Alexander Nui, nona ka mea i aʻo ʻia ma Atenai e ka Aristotle.

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona kontroversial o ka Athenian education (a me ka Greek aʻoaʻo ma ka laulā) ka mea maʻamau a lākou e ulu ai nā pilina pili loa ma waena o kahi kumu makua a me kahi haumāna ʻōpio. I kekahi manawa ua lawe kēia mau pilina i kahi moekolohe maopopo, i ʻae ʻia i ka pilikanaka.

ʻO ka Sophist a me ke aʻo Atenai

Ma waho aʻe o nā haʻuki, nā hana koa a me nā mele, i ke aʻo ʻana o nā keiki Athena a me nā ʻōpio aia kekahi mau kumuhana a i ʻole nā ​​kumuhana i koʻikoʻi nui no ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā kamaʻāina o ka polis i ka wā e hiki mai ana. Ua aʻo ʻia kēia mau kumuhana e ka ʻO Sophists i nā haumāna i koho i ke aʻo kiʻekiʻe aʻe ma hope o ka pae ephebia.

ʻO wai nā Sophist? ʻO nā kumu aʻo kula kiʻekiʻe ʻoi loa. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kāna mau aʻo i kahi pahuhopu kikoʻī. ke kūkulu ʻia ʻana o ka poʻe haʻiʻōlelo a naʻau i ka haʻi ʻōlelo. Pono kēia mau ʻano i mea e kūleʻa ai i ke ola politika, kahi i hilinaʻi ʻia ai nā hoʻoholo he nui i ka hiki o nā mea ʻōlelo e hōʻoia i nā kamaʻāina i kekahi manaʻo a i ʻole kekahi.

Ua loaʻa kēia pahuhopu i ke aʻo ʻana i nā haumāna i nā kumuhana aʻe:

  • Nā Dialectics, i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he "ʻoihana kūkākūkā." Ua hoʻomaʻamaʻa nā kumu i kā lākou haumāna ma ke aʻo ʻana iā lākou e hana i ʻelua mau haʻiʻōlelo i pale ʻia ka manaʻo hoʻokahi a me ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe.
  • Mathemata, kumuhana i hoʻokomo ʻia i waena o nā mea helu, geometry, kūlike a me nā hōkū.
  • ʻHetlelo Hoʻākāka, "Ke akamai ʻōlelo." Ua aʻo ʻia ʻo Lees i ka hiki ke hoʻohuli i ka poʻe hoʻolohe ma o ka ʻōlelo.

Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1.   lelowale ia

    ʻO kēia ka mea nui iaʻu !!!
    MAHALO NUI !! ♥♥♥

  2.   Maria Paula ia

    Maikaʻi kēia !! .. Mahalo nui iā 'oe !!! 😀

  3.   Pablo ia

    ʻo kēia no ka huelo pili lākou i nā giles hahahahaha