Ka moʻo'ōlelo o ka ʻAmona

Kiʻi | Pixabay

I nā manaʻo i makemake nui ʻia, he koa wiwo ʻole nā ​​ʻAmona i kaua aku ma Peresia a i ʻole Greek Helene e kī ana i kā lākou kakaka ma ka lio. Nui nā kaʻao e pili ana iā lākou a nui ka poʻe i haʻohaʻo inā he ʻoiaʻiʻo i loko o lākou.

Inā ʻoe i nīnau iā ʻoe iho i ka nīnau like, ma ka pou aʻe e kamaʻilio wau e pili ana i ka moemoeā o ka ʻAmona, ʻo wai lākou, no hea mai lākou a me nā mea a mākou e ʻike ai e pili ana iā lākou.

ʻO wai nā ʻAmona?

ʻO ka moʻolelo e pili ana i nā ʻAmona i iho mai iā mākou e kūlike me nā moʻolelo Helene. Wahi a ia, he koa kahiko ka ʻAmona i aliʻi ʻia a hoʻokumu ʻia e nā wahine wale nō.

Ua wehewehe ka poʻe Helene iā lākou he koa a nani hoʻi akā weliweli loa a wiwo ʻole hoʻi nā wahine. Noho lākou i kahi kolone hoʻokaʻawale nona ke kapikala ʻo Themiscira, e like me ka ʻōlelo a Herodotus, he kūlanakauhale paʻa i ka pā ma ka ʻākau o Turkey i kēia manawa.

Wahi a kēia mōʻaukala, ua launa pū nā ʻAmona me nā kāne Scythian a aloha aku iā lākou akā ʻaʻole lākou i makemake e hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka nohona home, no laila ua hoʻokumu lākou i kahi kaiāulu hou ma nā pāpū o ka ʻanuʻu Eurasian kahi i hoʻomau ai lākou i ka hana a nā kūpuna. .

Eia nō naʻe, aia nā hoʻololi liʻiliʻi i nā moʻolelo i haʻi ʻia e pili ana i ka ʻAmona. O kahi laʻana, Wahi a Strabo, i kēlā me kēia makahiki moe ka ʻAmona me nā hoanoho kāne e hānau hou a hoʻomau i ka moʻokūʻauhau. Inā hānau lākou he kaikamahine, e ulu pū ka pēpē me lākou ma ke ʻano he Amazon hou. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, inā hānau lākou he keiki, hoʻihoʻi lākou i nā kāne a i ʻole ka hihia maikaʻi loa i haʻalele ai lākou a i mōhai paha.

No nā mea kākau e like me Paléfato, ʻaʻohe o Amazons akā he kāne i kuhihewa no ka wahine no ka ʻumiʻumi ʻana i kā lākou ʻumiʻumi

Aia paha nā ʻAmona?

Kiʻi | Pixabay

No kekahi manawa lōʻihi, ʻo ka kaʻao o ka ʻAmelona wale nō: he kaʻao. Eia nō naʻe, i ka makahiki 1861 ua paʻi ka mea akeakamai o Johann Jakob Bachofen i kahi palapala kākau e hoʻoulu ai i nā manaʻo kānalua no ko lākou ola ʻana ʻoiai ua hōʻoia ʻo ia he mea maoli nā ʻAmona a ua hoʻomaka ke kanaka ma lalo o kahi makuakāne.

I kēia manawa, hoʻopaʻapaʻa kekahi mau mea noiʻi e hiki i ke kaʻao o ka ʻAmona ke kumu maoli. I ka hopena o ke kenekulia XNUMX, ua loaʻa nā neropolis kokoke i ka palena ma waena o Kazakhstan a me Lūkia, kahi i loaʻa ai ke koena o nā wahine i kanu ʻia me kā lākou mea kaua.

He mea kupaianaha loa ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi kī kakaka i loko o ke kino o ka wahine i make i ke kaua. ʻO nā iwi hoʻi o nā wāwae kūlou o ke kaikamahine ʻōpio i kamaʻilio e pili ana i kahi ola ma ka lio.

Ua hōʻike ʻia nā hoʻokolokolo ʻokoʻa i nā wahine he Scythians, kahi ʻohana nomadic i noho no hoʻokahi tausani mau makahiki i kūlike me ka wā Helene archaic (XNUMXth - XNUMXth mau makahiki BC). Ua ʻae nā ʻāpana: i kā lākou neʻe ʻana ua hōʻea ka poʻe Scythian i kēia lā ʻo Turkey, kahi e like me ka moʻolelo kaʻao i komo ai lākou i ka Trojan War. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua loaʻa i kahi meʻe Helene ʻo Achilles kahi duel i ke kaua Trojan e kūʻē iā Penthesilea, kahi kaikamahine aliʻi wahine a ʻAres na Amazon.

Ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia e kāna mau hana lehulehu ma Troy i kona wā e hoʻopilikia ana ma mua o ka lanakila ʻana o Achilles iā ia ma ka hou ʻana i kāna pahu me ka ihe. I kona ʻike ʻana i kona make ʻana, ua pīhoihoi ʻo Achilles e kāna nani a kanu iā ia ma kapa o ka muliwai Scamander.

Ma mua o ka hapakolu o nā wahine Scythian i loaʻa i nā ʻāpana like ʻole i kanu ʻia me kā lākou mea kaua a he nui nā mea i hōʻeha ʻia e ke kaua, e like me nā kāne. Kuhi kēia hiki iā lākou ke kaua pū me nā kāne a i kēia mau hōʻailona hōʻike i ke kumu o ka kaʻao o ka ʻAmona.

He aha ka ʻōlelo a ka moʻo'ōlelo o ka ʻAmona?

Kiʻi | Pixabay

ʻO ka moʻo o ka ʻAmona he mea hoʻonui paha ia i ka mea maoli i hana ʻia e kekahi mau mea kākau moʻolelo Helene e like me Herodotus i makemake e hāʻawi i kahi moʻolelo i kahi poʻe koa koa hanohano. Kuhi nā mea āpau he hyperbole wale nō ia o nā mea kaua Scythian, ka mea i lilo i kaulana i ka honua papa no ko lākou hiki ke kī me ke kakaka a lanakila i ka holo lio.

ʻO ka huaʻōlelo amazon mai ka ʻōlelo Helene "amanzwn" ʻo ia hoʻi "ka poʻe ʻaʻohe o lākou umauma." ʻO kēia ke kuhikuhi nei i ka hana a nā ʻAmona i hana ai me nā kaikamahine i ka wā hānau, kahi i ʻoki ʻia ai ka umauma a hiki i ka wā mākua hiki iā lākou ke lawelawe i ke kakaka a me ka ihe.

Ke nānā mākou i nā hana noʻeau e hōʻike ʻia ai nā ʻAmona, ʻaʻole mākou e ʻike i nā ʻōuli o kēia hana no ka mea ke ʻike mau ʻia me nā umauma ʻelua ʻoiai me ka ʻākau i uhi mau ʻia. I ke kiʻi kiʻi, ua pani ʻia ka ʻAmona e hakakā ana i nā Helene a i ʻole ʻeha ma hope o kēia mau hālāwai.

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ua ʻōlelo ʻia nā ʻAmona i hoʻokumu i nā kūlanakauhale he nui e like me ʻEpeso, Smyrna, Paphos, a me Sinope. I loko o nā kaʻao Helene ka nui o ka hoʻouka kaua o ka ʻAmona a kū lākou i mau ʻenemi o ka Helene.

Hōʻike pinepine kēia mau moʻolelo i nā hakakā ma waena o nā mōʻī wahine Amazon a me nā koa Helene, e laʻa me ke kaua o Penthesilea e kūʻē iā Achilles i ke kaua Trojan a i ʻole ke duel o Hercules iā Hippolyta, ke kaikuahine o ka mea i hala, ma ke ʻano he ʻāpana o kāna hana he ʻumikūmālua. .

Ua ʻōlelo ʻia nō hoʻi, ua iho mai nā ʻAmona mai ʻAres, ke akua o ke kaua, a mai ka nimona Harmony.

ʻO wai nā hoʻomana a ka ʻAmona?

Kiʻi | Pixabay

E like me ka mea i manaʻo ʻia ua hoʻomana nā ʻAmona i ke akua wahine ʻo Artemis a ʻaʻole he akua. ʻO ia ke kaikamahine a Zeus a me Leto, ko Apollo kaikaina māhoe a me ke akua wahine o ka ʻimi holoholona, ​​nā holoholona hihiu, puʻupaʻa, kaikamahine, hānau. Hoʻohui ʻia, ua hōʻoia ʻia ʻo ia me ka hōʻemi ʻana i nā maʻi wahine. Wahi a nā kaʻao, ua lilo ʻo Artemis i alakaʻi no kēia mau koa kūʻē ma muli o ko lākou ʻano o ke ola.

Ua manaʻo ʻia ka ʻAmona i ke kūkulu ʻana i ka luakini nui o Artemis, ʻoiai ʻaʻohe ʻike paʻa o kēia.

He aha nā ʻAmona kaulana loa?

  • penthesilea- Ke mōʻī wahine ʻo Amazon i komo i ke kaua Trojan me ka wiwo ʻole i ke kaua. Ua make ʻo ia ma ka lima o Achilles a ua pani ʻo Antianira iā ia ma ka noho aliʻi. ʻLelo ʻia ua haku ʻo ia i ka pāpale.
  • ʻO Antianira: ʻōlelo ʻia ua kauoha ʻo ia i ka wili ʻana o nā kāne ke hānau ʻia lākou no ka mea ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o ke aloha i ka mea ʻoʻopa.
  • Hipopotta: kaikuahine o Penthesilea. Loaʻa iā ia kahi kāʻei magic nāna i hāʻawi iā ia i mea ʻoi aku ma mua o nā koa ʻē aʻe i ke kahua kaua.
  • Melanippe: kaikuahine o Hipólita. Ua ʻōlelo ʻia ua kāʻili ʻo Hercules iā ia a ma ke kūkaʻi ʻana no kona kūʻokoʻa ua koi aku i ke kāʻei hoʻokalakupua ʻo Hippolyta.
  • ʻOtrera: he ipo no ke akua ʻo Ares a me ka makuahine o Hipólita.
  • ʻO Myrina: Lanakila i ka Atlantans a me ka pūʻali koa o ka Gorgons. Ua noho aliʻi ʻo ia ma Libia.
  • ʻO Talestria: Amazon aliʻi wahine a ʻōlelo ʻia ua hoʻopunipuni ʻo ia iā Alexander ka Nui.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*