He aha nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa ʻo Australia?

He aha nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa ʻo Australia? Kākaʻikahi kēia nīnau ma waho o nā pōʻaiapili hoʻokele loea. Hoʻohuli ʻia kēia e ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ʻāina kai e like me kahi mamao loa iā mākou a ʻike iki mākou e pili ana i ia.

Eia nō naʻe, pono ʻoe e ʻike he Australia kahi a hoʻolimalima no kēlā me kēia kanaka kiʻekiʻe ma mua o ko Kelemania, ke Aupuni Hui Pū ʻia a me Palani. Hoʻohui ʻia, kūlana ʻelua ia, ma hope Norway, i loko Ka Hoʻomohala Hana kanaka a o ke ono o kahi o kēlā maikaʻi o ke ola hoʻomākaukau ʻia e ka makasina 'ʻO ka Economist'. No kēia mau mea āpau, ʻo ka ʻike ʻo wai nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa ʻo ʻAsuria mea nui i ka honua i kēia lā.

He aha nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa ʻo Australia? Mai ka mining ʻana i ka panakō i ke olakino

ʻO nā ʻoihana ʻoihana nui loa ʻo Australia e kau ana i nā ʻāpana like ʻole o ka hoʻokele waiwai, akā hāʻawi like lākou āpau i ka ikaika i kā lākou mau ʻano hana. E hōʻike aku mākou iā ʻoe i kekahi o kēia mau ʻoihana.

BHP Biliona

he kekahi o nā ʻoihana hoʻouku nui loa o ka honua. Ua hānau ʻia ia i ka makahiki 2001 mai ka hui pū ʻana o ka poʻe Pelekania ʻEwalu a me ka Ausetalia Onaona puu o Broken. Aia kona keʻena nui i Melbourne, akā he ʻelele kāna i nā ʻāina he iwakāluakūmālima, kahi e unuhi ai i nā minelala e like me ka hao, nā diamana, nickel a me bauxite.

I ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua hoʻolaha ʻia kahi loaʻa kālā ma kahi ʻO 46 pākahi piliona kālā, me kahi loaʻa kālā kokoke o ka liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka hapalua, ma kahi o 20 biliona kālā.

Panakō Aupuni Commonwealth

He lālā o Commonwealth Bank of Australia

Bank of Commonwealth o Australia

E like me kāu e ʻike ai mai kona inoa, he panakō ia e holo nei, ʻaʻole wale ma ka ʻāina kai, akā ma nā mea ʻē aʻe āpau i ia wahi, a ʻo Asia a i loko nō o 'O'Amelika Huipu'ia y ʻO Beritania Nui.

I ka hoʻokūkū paʻakikī me ka panakō nui ʻē aʻe i ka ʻāina, ka ʻO National Austrian, ʻOi aku ka nui o Commonwealth ma mua o kēlā me ke kapikala. I ka makahiki i hala aku nei ua hoʻolaha ʻia kahi loaʻa kālā ma kahi 30 biliona kālā Ausetalia, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma kahi o 45 biliona kālā.

Pūʻulu ʻo Rio Tinto

Hoʻi mākou i nā hana mining e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i kēia ʻoihana ʻo ia pū kekahi ma waena o nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa o Australia. Aia kona keʻena nui ma Ladana, akā ua hānau ʻia ia mai ka hoʻohui ʻia ʻana o ka Pelekania ʻO Rio Tinto-Zinc Corporation, me nā mines ma Sepania, a me ka Australia ʻO Conzinc Rio Tinto.

Es ʻo ka hui hoʻouku lanahu nui loa o ka honua a i kekahi mau makahiki i hala aku nei ua hoʻāʻo ʻo ia e kūʻai ʻia e BHP Billion, a mākou wale nō i haʻi aku ai iā ʻoe. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻole i pau ka hana. I ka makahiki 2020, hōʻike ʻo Río Tinto Group i nā loaʻa kālā kokoke ʻO US $ 45 biliona.

Hui Woolworths

Noho ia i kekahi o nā wahi mua i ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o nā ʻoihana o nā meaʻenehana. Ma waena o kāna mau ʻāpana o ka hana ʻana nā vaccine, no laila ke kumuhana i kēia lā, akā ʻo nā huahana i lawe ʻia mai ka plasma a me nā hoʻoulu hou ʻana o nā pūnaewele. Ua hana ʻia ia ma 1916 e ke aupuni Nūhōlani ponoʻī, akā ua privatized ia ma 1994.

Hoʻohana ia i ka poʻe 25 a me ka makahiki i hala i loaʻa kālā o aneane 10 biliona kālā o aneane ʻelua tausani nā keu pono. E pili ana i kāna mākeke nui, he waiwai ia o 145 biliona kālā.

He keʻena ʻo Westpac

Keʻena Waihona Westpac

ʻO Westpac Banking Corporation

Kū hou kahi panakō i kēia papa inoa e pane i nā ʻoihana ʻoihana nui loa ʻo Australia. Hoʻokumu i ka 1817, Pacific komohana (ʻo ia hoʻi ʻo Westpac) hoʻolaʻa ʻia i ka waihona kuʻuna a me nā ʻoihana kālepa a me nā ʻoihana ʻoihana, ka hoʻokele waiwai a me ka panakō hui.

He lālā hoʻi kona i New Zealand. Pili i kāna waiwai mākeke nui, ʻaneʻane ʻo AU $ 90 biliona. ʻO kāu loaʻa kālā ma 2020 aneane 22 biliona a ʻo ka loaʻa ma kahi o ʻehā piliona kālā Australia. No kāna poʻe limahana, aia ma kahi o 40 tausani.

Macquarie Gruop

Pili pū ka hana o kēia ʻoihana me ka panakō, ʻoiai ma kāna hihia me kēlā nā mea hoʻolimalima. Loaʻa iā ia ma nā ʻāina 25 a ʻoi aku ma mua o 14 tausani mau limahana. O ia ka luna waiwai nui loa o ka waiwai ma ka honua, ke mālama ʻo ia ma kahi o 495 biliona kālā i kēia ʻano waiwai.

ʻO kāna kapena kapena kokoke i 53 biliona a, i ka 2020, ua hoʻolaha ʻia ma kahi o ʻekolu biliona kālā o ka loaʻa kālā. No ka mana loa o kēia ʻoihana i kapa ʻia ka pāpāho ʻAukekulelia "ʻo ka Millionaire Factory."

ʻO Westfarmers, kahi mea kūʻai aku i waena o nā ʻoihana nui loa o Australia

Inā hoʻolaʻa ʻia nā ʻoihana mua i nā pilikia mining, banking a me nā olakino, hana kēia e kūʻai kūʻai. Kūʻai, kūʻai aku ia i nā huahana kemika a me nā ʻoihana, nā mea momona a, no ka mea ua loaʻa iā ia ka hui Coles, ʻo ka meaʻai pū kekahi.

ʻO kahi supermarket Group Coles

ʻO Coles Group supermarket, kahi lālā o Westfarmers

Hoʻokumu ʻia ma 1914 ma ke ʻano he hui mahiʻai, hoʻohana ʻoi aku ia ma mua o hoʻokahi haneli tausani kānaka. I ka 2020 he loaʻa nui kāna o aneane 31 biliona kālā, me kahi kālā kokoke ma kahi o ʻelua.

Palena ʻia ʻo Telstra Corporation

ʻAʻole hiki ke nalo kēia papa inoa o nā ʻoihana ʻoi loa ʻo Australia, hoʻokahi i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no nā loea. Kūʻai, kūʻai aku ia i ke kelepona paʻa paʻa a paʻa paʻa, Pūnaewele a uku i nā lawelawe kīwī. ʻO ia ka mea nui loa o ka poʻe e holo ana i ka ʻāina kai, me kahi kapikala kapena kokoke he 45 biliona kālā.

I ka 2019 he 26 paha ona mau limahana a me kāna loaʻa kālā makahiki nui aia ma kahi o 30 biliona kālā no ka loaʻa net o ʻaneʻane ʻehā.

Pūʻulu Transurban

He ʻāina nui ʻo Australia, ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻehiku miliona mau kilomika kilomika. No laila, ʻaʻole ia e pīhoihoi iā ʻoe i hoʻolaʻa ʻia e kahi ʻoihana ke kūkulu a me ka hana o nā ala nui Aia ia ma waena o nā mea nui loa o ka ʻāina.

Hoʻohui ʻia, hana pū ʻo Transurban i Kanada y 'O'Amelika Huipu'ia. ʻO kāna kapikala mākeke ma kahi o 43 biliona kālā a ua hoʻokumu ʻia ia ma 1996. I kēia manawa, aia ma kahi o 1500 mau limahana a me kahi loaʻa kālā nui i loaʻa. aia ma kahi o 3 biliona kālā me kahi loaʻa net o kahi tausani.

Hale Kūʻai Telstra

Hale Kūʻai Telstra

Amcor Limited, ʻōpala e hana i kekahi o nā ʻoihana nui loa o Australia

Hoʻolaʻa ʻia kēia ʻoihana i ka halihali, ʻoiai i kāna hihia ka ʻāpana ukana. Aia ia ma nā ʻāina he kanahā, e like me España, a he waiwai ke kūʻai aku ona o $ 27 biliona. Loaʻa iā ia he 35 mau limahana a me kahi loaʻa kālā nui o aneane 10 biliona kālā, ʻoiai ka waiwai loaʻa ma kahi o 1500 miliona.

I ka hopena, inā e haʻohaʻo ana ʻoe ʻo wai nā ʻoihana ʻoihana nui loaUa ʻike mua ʻoe no lākou ia, ma ke ʻano nui, i nā ʻāpana e like me ka mining, banking and transport. Eia naʻe, ʻo nā hui nui ʻē aʻe, e like me CLS Kau palena ʻia, ke hana nei i ka hana ʻana i nā huahana hoʻomaʻemaʻe a, e like me Pūʻulu Goodman, i ka honua o kaʻoihana waiwai.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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