ʻO ke kaiapuni ma Australia

He ʻano like ʻole ka nohona ma Australia a waiwai nui loa. E noʻonoʻo e kamaʻilio ana mākou e pili ana i kahi ʻāina nunui aneane ʻewalu miliona mau kilomika kilomika, ʻoi aku ma mua o ʻumikūmālima mau manawa i ʻoi aku ma mua o Sepania. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia ke ono o ka nui ma ka honua.

No laila, e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke kaiapuni ma Australia e kamaʻilio e pili ana i kahi ʻano nui loa, o kahi helu nui o nā mea kanu a, ma mua o nā mea āpau, kahi holoholona i loaʻa holoholona kū hoʻokahi i ka honua. Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike iki e pili ana i kēia panalāʻau kupaianaha, ke kono aku nei mākou iā ʻoe e hoʻomau i ka heluhelu ʻana.

Pehea ke ʻano o ke kaiapuni ma Australia?

ʻOiai nā mea āpau, ka nui o Nuhōlani he maloʻo a me ka wao nahele. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi ʻano ʻokoʻa o nā wahi noho mai nahele ululāʻau i luna nā ʻano alpine-heaths a ʻo ia nā hopena o nā ʻano ʻano like ʻole.

ʻO kēia mau mea āpau, me ka hoʻokaʻawale honua o kona teritori, ua alakaʻi i kahi ʻāpana nui o kāna pua a me nā holoholona hopena. E like me kou ʻike, pili kēia manaʻo aia lākou i kēlā wahi, akā ʻaʻole wahi ʻē aʻe o ka honua. ʻO kahi kikoʻī, ʻoi aku ma mua o kanawalu pākēneka o kāna mau mea kanu a me nā māmela. No nā iʻa kahakai akahai, ʻo ka nui o ka endemism i hiki i ka XNUMX pākēneka, ʻoiai he XNUMX pākēneka o kāna mau manu e loaʻa wale nō ma Australia No laila, me ka makemake ʻole, e kamaʻilio mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i kēlā flora a, ʻo ia hoʻi, kēlā holoholona, ​​ʻoiai ka hope. hoihoi maoli nō.

ʻO ke kaiapuni ma Australia: flora

ʻO ka mea nui a kikoʻī ka mea kanu o ka ʻāina e hoʻonohonoho ana i kahi āpau aupuni pua, ka hoʻomana ma lalo o kahi i hoʻonohonoho ʻia ai nā panalāʻau nui o ko mākou Honua i loaʻa nā mea kanu like ʻole.

Wahi a RL Spetch, Polofesa o Botany ma ke Kulanui o Queensland, ua hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka mokuna Australia ma nā wahi o ka wao nahele tropical, eucalyptus a me nā ululāʻau acacia, savana, steppes a me maquia. Hoʻokumu ʻia ka hope e kahi hoʻonohonoho o nā kumulāʻau perennial.

Nā mauna mauna

Mauna mauna

Ma waena o kēia mau mea ulu a pau, ka mea i kapa ʻia Nā ululāʻau Gondwana, haʻi ʻia Hoʻoilina honua na UNESCO. He wahi nui ia o ʻehā tausani mau kilomika kilomika i waena o Victoria a me Kuinalani kahi home o nā kumulāʻau kahiko he nui. ʻAʻole wale ia kahi wale nō o ʻAukekulia e paʻa nei i kēlā poʻo inoa. Eia pū kekahi mokupuni fraser he kahua hoʻoilina honua na ʻo kāna pines kaurís gigantic a me kāna ferns prehistoric. A hiki ke ʻōlelo ʻia e like me nā kāhea Mauna mauna, aia ma New South Wales, me kona mau paka ʻāina ʻewalu a me kāna ʻano pōhaku ʻano ʻano karst kupaianaha i nā ana ʻo Jenolan.

ʻO ka pale ākea nui

ʻOiai ʻaʻole pili iki kēia ʻano kamahaʻo o ke kūlohelohe me nā flora a i ʻole nā ​​holoholona, ​​he mea nui e kamaʻilio e pili ana iā ia i loko o kahi ʻatikala i hoʻolaʻa ʻia e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ke kaiapuni ma Australia.

ʻO ia ka ʻākoʻakoʻa nui loa i ka honua, me ka lōʻihi o ʻelua tausani mile a me ka laulā ʻoi loa o ʻekolu haneli, a holo i loko o kahi ʻāpana maikaʻi o ke kahakai hikina o ka ʻāina e hāʻawi ana i nā mokupuni he nui. Aia ia ma ke alo o Kuiniselani, pololei i ka mea i kapa ʻia kai ʻākoʻakoʻa.

ʻOiai ua kapa ʻia ia i kekahi manawa he holoholona nui loa ma ka honua, ʻo ia nō nā iwi o nā ʻākoʻako ʻākala nona ka ʻoka Scleractinia. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kahi lehulehu nui o nā meaola olaola i kēia mau koena.

Eia nō naʻe, kēia mea kupaianaha kūlohelohe, e like me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻē aʻe, hoʻoweliweli ʻino ʻia e ka hoʻomehana honua a me ka haumia. Hoʻoweliweli pū ʻia ia e ka lawaiʻa kū ʻole ʻole a me nā ʻano holoholona e like me ka starfish kalaunu o nā kākalaioa, ka mea e hōʻino ai ke koʻa.

Inā pau ke Kahua Nui, ʻo kekahi o nā nā mea kālaikaola o ka honua. Akā, eia kekahi, e luku ʻia ke kaiaolaola o nā ʻano honu kai, nā koholā, nā dolphins a me nā crocodiles a me nā dudong hoʻi. ʻO nā mea hope loa he holoholona ʻano ʻē nā ka ʻohana o ka Sirénids i koe ma ke ʻano he lunamakaʻāinana wale nō o ko lākou genus. A alakaʻi kēia iā mākou e kamaʻilio me ʻoe e pili ana i ka Austrian fauna.

Papa ʻākoʻakoʻa

ʻO ka ʻāpana o ka Pohā Nui

ʻO ke kaiapuni maʻAustelia: ka holoholona

Inā kupaianaha ka flora Australalia, ʻaʻole ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka holoholona, ​​a he nui nā ʻano hopena. Ua haʻi mua aku mākou iā ʻoe ma kahi o kanaiwa pākēneka o nā mammal, e like me ka pākēneka like o nā iʻa, amphibians, a me nā mea kolo. Akā ʻo ka mea hoihoi loa ka hoʻopili ʻana o kēia holoholona i nā holoholona i waena o nā hou aku hoihoi o ko ke ao nei. E haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i kekahi o lākou.

ʻO ka kangaroo a me nā marsupial ʻē aʻe

ʻO ia paha ka mea i makemake nui ʻia o kēia mau holoholona, ​​a hiki i kahi i lilo ai ia i hoʻokahi o nā hōʻailona o Australia. ʻAʻole kēia kahi e hōʻike ai i ka wehewehe ʻepekema o nā kangaro. E palena mākou iā mākou iho e haʻi aku iā lākou no ka ʻohana o lākou ka ʻO Macropodinae marsupial a aia ʻekolu mau mea kōkua i ka ʻāina: ka kangaroo ʻulaʻula, ka hina hikina a me ka hina hina.

Akā ʻaʻole kēia wale nō ka marsupial ma Australia. Pēlā nō ka poʻe ʻoluʻolu koala'O wahine aiʻole ʻīlio hihiu Tasmanian. Eia nō naʻe, he holoholona kūikawā kēia ma ka mokupuni: ka Tasmanian Diabolo, ʻoiai, ʻoiai kona inoa weliweli, ʻo ia ka nui o kahi ʻīlio liʻiliʻi a he huluhulu ʻeleʻeleʻeleʻele loa kona. Maliʻa paha kona inoa ma muli o ke ʻala maikaʻi ʻole e hāʻawi ʻia a me kāna uē hoʻoluhi.

ʻO ka dingo a i ʻole ka ʻīlio hae Nūhōlani

Noho ma nā ʻāina ʻAukekulelia ma kahi o ʻelima kaukani mau makahiki, i ka manawa like me nā mea noho mua, ua manaʻo ʻia ka dingo e like me mamo a ka ʻīlio ʻolflio hae. Eia nō naʻe, ua kāhea ʻia ʻĪlio hihiu no ka mea kaʻana like ia i nā ʻano me nā canids home. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, e like me kekahi mau kumumanaʻo, hiki iā ia ke lilo ma mua.

I ka hōʻea ʻana o nā Europa mua i Australia, ua hele aʻa lākou i kā lākou ʻīlio me kēia mau holoholona. No laila, makaʻu ka make ʻana o ka dingo maʻemaʻe. ʻO ka manaʻo o kēia, ma nā wahi he nui o ka ʻāina, he ʻano pale ia. Eia nō naʻe, i kekahi poʻe e hoʻomau ʻia i ka ʻimi ʻia.

Ma ke ʻano he hoihoi, e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe he ʻano ia ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ke kalele ʻana ma mua o ka ʻīlio hae ʻEulopa. No kēia kumu, ma Australia ua hoʻohana ʻia lākou ma ke ʻano he holoholona a ʻo ka poʻe ʻōiwi. Eia naʻe, ke hiki mai ke kau moʻo (maʻa mau i hoʻokahi manawa i ka makahiki) holo pinepine lākou.

Kangaroo

ʻO ka kangaroo, kekahi o nā hōʻailona o ke kaiapuni ma Australia

ʻO nā monotremes, ka platypus kupaianaha

Kāhea ʻia pēlā, monotremes, i mammal oviparous, ʻo ia ka mea e hoʻopuka i nā hua. I kēia manawa, ʻelima wale nō ʻano o lākou e mālama ʻia a ʻelua ʻelua ʻōiwi i Australia. Hoʻokahi ka echidna, like me ka hedgehog.

Akā ʻoi aku ka hoihoi o ka ornithorrinc, āu i lohe maoli ai no ka mea ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea ʻano ʻē loa o ke aupuni holoholona. He pīhoihoi paha ia, i ka wā i hōʻike ʻia ai nā mea kūlohelohe Pelekane i kona ʻili i ka XNUMX kenekulia, manaʻo lākou he hoʻomakeʻaka kūpono ia.

'Speakinglelo laulaha, ʻo ka platypus ke nānā aku me he ʻāpala lā no kona ihu, akā like kona huelo me ka beaver a me kona mau wāwae e like me ko ka otter. Me he mea lā ʻaʻole lawa kēia mau mea āpau, loaʻa i nā kāne o ka laha ke ʻano o ka spur ma ko lākou mau wāwae hope e hoʻokuʻu i ka mea ʻino. ʻAʻole ia he make i nā kānaka, akā kumu ia i ka ʻeha nui. A, me ka mea, he electroreceptors mana ko lākou e kōkua iā lākou e ʻimi i kā lākou mea pio. Kuhi kēia ʻike lākou iā lākou e ka uila i hana ʻia e kā lākou muscle muscle.

Pēlā nō ka hoihoi o kēia holoholona, ​​mai kona wā i loaʻa ai, ʻo ia ka mea i aʻo ʻia e ka kālaimeaola evolution. I kekahi ʻano, he hōʻailona ia no Australia. ʻO ia ka hōʻailona o Nūhōlani Wales hou a ʻike ʻia ma ke dālā iwakāluakūneka.

ʻO ka dugong

Ua haʻi mua aku mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i ka dugong, no laila ʻānō e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe he aha ia ʻo ka mea hānai wale nō ʻo herbivore kai ma ka honua aʻo ka pili pili ola loa ka ʻelepani, he mea hoihoi, no ka mea, ua hoʻololi maikaʻi ka mea mua i ka wai. Akā, i ke kai o ʻAukekulelia aia kekahi mau ʻano pīhoihoi ʻē aʻe.

ʻ .pala

ʻO kēlā ʻāpana kahi ʻāpana o ke kaiapuni ma ʻAukekulia no ka laha crocodrylus porosus, ka mea nui loa o ka honua. Hiki i kēia colossus ʻoiaʻiʻo ke hiki i ʻehiku mau mika ka lōʻihi a he ʻumikūmālima haneli mau kilokika ke kaupaona. No kēia kumu, he predator nui ia, i kēlā me kēia makahiki, pepehi i kekahi mau kānaka. Kuhi ʻia kahi hui o kēia mau holoholona me ka luku ʻia ʻana o hoʻokahi tausani koa Kepani e noho ana ma ka mokupuni ʻo Ramree ma Burma ma 1945.

ʻ cpala kai kai

Ka crocodile kai weliweli

ʻO ka emu

ʻO kekahi hoihoi o Oceania kēia manu lele nui. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ia ka lua o ka nui ma ka honua ma hope o ka ostrich. Inā makemake ʻoe i kahi ʻikepili anecdotal hou aʻe e pili ana i kēia ʻano, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i kēlā ʻōmaʻomaʻo uliuli kā lākou mau hua, ʻokoʻa ka poʻe i hoʻokau i nā mea ola ʻē aʻe o ka honua manu.

Na nahesa

ʻO ka hope, e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā nahesa o ke kaiapuni o Australia. ʻO kēia ʻāina ka nui loa o lākou lāʻau make i ka honua ʻO nā mea weliweli loa nahesa alapiʻi y ke Tiga e pili ana i ka honua a me nā ʻohana Hydrophiinae a pili i ke kai.

I ka hopena, ke kaiapuni i loko Nuhōlani ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea like ʻole i ka honua. No kēia kumu, he ʻano hoihoi kona e like me nā mea a mākou i ʻōlelo ai. A me nā ʻano moʻo like ʻole a me nā iʻa weliweli e like me ka mano manō. No laila, inā ʻoe e huakaʻi i ka ʻāina kai, ʻike ʻoe i nā holoholona kū hoʻokahi i ka honua.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

He manaʻo

  1.   Zend Caelus ia

    Kono mai ka Honua Nūhōlani iā ​​mākou e mākaʻikaʻi. He aha kā mākou e kali ai? =)


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