ʻO Bernini's Colonnade ma ka Vatican

ʻO ko Bernini colonnade ma ka Vatican kekahi o nā mea hoʻomanaʻo nui loa a kaulana hoʻi i ka honua. Kona wahi, i mua o ka basilica o Sana Petero, akā i ka hanohano a me ka nani hoʻi.

Kauoha ʻia e kūkulu ʻia e ka Pope Alexander VII e hoʻokipa i ka poʻe a pau i hele mai i ka luakini Vatican. Ma mua, he huinahā ʻo St. Peter's Square a he kulu paha ma kahi o ʻumi mau mika ma waena o nā ʻanuʻu o ka basilica a me kona ʻaoʻao ʻaoʻao. ʻO ko Bernini colonnade ma ka Vatican i hoʻopau i kēia kuko a hoʻonohonoho i kekahi o nā kaha kaulana loa ma ka honua.

ʻO ka mea kākau

ʻO ka Neapolitan ʻO Gian Lorenzo Bernini He mea pena kiʻi a mea hoʻolālā kiʻi ʻo ia, akā ma luna o nā mea kālai kiʻi āpau. Hoʻopili ʻia i ka Baroque, kona hiki ke kālai kinikini me ke alakaʻi iā ia e manaʻo ʻia ʻo ka hope o Michelangelo. Hoʻomana haipule loa, ua hoʻokau ʻo ia i kāna mau tālena ma ka lawelawe ʻana o ka Hoʻonohonoho Kūʻē, ka mea i ʻoluʻolu iā ia i ka makemake o nā pope.

Mawaena o kana mau hana nui ka baldachin o Sana Petero, i loko nō hoʻi o ka basilica Vatican; ka hale kupapaʻu o Urban VIII; ka ʻO Ecstasy o Saint Teresa aiʻole Nā Punawai o nā Wai ʻEhā a me ka Pahu. Hiki iā ia ke hāʻawi i kāna kiʻi kālai kiʻi me kahi expressiveness kākaʻikahi ʻia, ua make ʻo Bernini i Roma ma Nowemapa 28, 1680.

ʻO ko Bernini colonnade ma ka Vatican, kahi hana nui

Eia nō naʻe, ʻo kā Bernini hana kaulana paha kēia wahi nona e hoʻohana ai i kāna ʻike kuhikuhina a me ka ʻike kiʻi. No ka mea ua hoʻolālā ʻo ia i ka colonnade a me ka wahi e kau ai.

I kulike ai me ka makemake o ka Pope Alexander VII, hōʻailona i ka ʻapo o ka poʻe manaʻoʻiʻo i hele mai e kipa iā St. Peter's Basilica. No laila, ʻelua mau lālani kolamu e kuhi ana i kahi oval nui e hōʻike ana i nā lima e hoʻopuni ana i ka mea kipa.

ʻO Bernini's Colonnade

ʻO ke kikoʻī o ko Colini colonnade ma Vatican

ʻO ko Bernini colonnade ma nā hiʻohiʻona Vatican 284 kolamu hoʻohiwahiwa 16 mau mika pākahi a mahele ʻia i ʻehā lālani. Lei pāpale ʻia lākou e nā kapikala Dorian he nui a, ma luna o kēia mau mea, he balustrade kahi e kau ai Nā helu 140 o nā haipule, puʻupaʻa, martyrs a me nā kauka o ka Ekalesia. ʻO ka mea hoihoi, ʻaʻole i kālai ʻia kēia mau kiʻi e Bernini, akā ua komisina ʻia e Bernini lorenzo morelli, kekahi o kāna mau haumāna. ʻO ke ʻano o kēia mau kiʻi he 3,20 mau mika, ʻo ia wale nō ka hapalua o ke kiʻekiʻe o Kristo a me nā lunaʻōlelo āu e ʻike ai ma ke alo o St. Peter's Basilica.

No nā mea kaulana nā kolamu kinikini travertine a hana lākou i kahi ākea i māhele ʻia i ʻekolu mau ʻaoʻao i uhi ʻia. ʻO ke kikowaena, kahi kiʻekiʻe iki aʻe, i hana ʻia no ka holo ʻana o nā lana, ʻoiai nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua no ka poʻe hele wāwae.

ʻO nā wahi o ke kolona ʻo Bernini i ka Vatican

Akā ʻaʻole ʻo Bernini wale i hoʻolālā a kūkulu i ke koleka nui. Mālama pū kekahi i ke kaiapuni. Hana pū ʻo ia me ka square a me ka basilica. E pili ana i ka hope, e noʻonoʻo ana i ke alapiʻi ma kona alo lōʻihi loa, ua kauoha ʻo ia i ka ʻeli ʻana e hoʻohaʻahaʻa iā ia i ke kiʻekiʻe.

Ua mahalo ʻo ia i ka colossal ʻōlapa Aia ma ka hapa waena o ka square e ka ʻO Pope Sixtus V i 1586. Ua lawe ʻia mai kēia pōhaku kālai gigantic mai ʻAigupita mai e ʻO Caligula i ka makahiki 41 AD. ʻAʻole ia he mea liʻiliʻi ma mua o ka manawa o Nencoreo, kahi pharaoh o ka moʻokūʻauhau XNUMX i noho i ka XNUMX kenekulia ma mua o Iesū Kristo. I kēlā manawa, aia ia ma ka Circus Maximus ma Roma.

Aia kekahi mau punawai symmetrical ʻelua ma nā ʻaoʻao ʻelua o ka obelisk. Ua hana ʻia hoʻokahi e Bernini, a ʻo kekahi e ʻO Carlo Maderno. A, ma ka ʻaoʻao o kēlā, ma waenakonu o ka square, kahi pā pōhaku e hōʻailona pono ana i kēlā kiko ʻāina. Inā kū ʻoe ma luna, e loaʻa iā ʻoe ka manaʻo aia hoʻokahi wale nō lālani o nā kolamu, ʻoiai ua hoʻopili pono ʻia nā mea ʻehā e kū nei.

Ka Basilica St. Peter

ʻO Basilica ʻo St. Peter a me ko Colonnade Bernini

I ka huina, ke ākea e ʻapo i kā Bernini Colonnade noho a hoʻonui hoʻonui elliptical 320 mau mika ka hohonu a me 240 i ke anawaena. No ke kūkulu ʻana, ua lawe ʻia he haneli kāne. Pēlā nō, ua hōʻea mai ka 44 cubic mau mika travertine mai ʻO Tivoli, ma kahi o 30 mau kilomita mai Roma. Hiki iā ia ke hoʻokipa 300 poʻe.

No laila maikaʻi loa kēia hana nani e hoʻonui ai nā kolamu i kā lākou anawaena i waho e hoʻoponopono i ka distortion optical hiki ke noʻonoʻo ʻia. Pēlā nō a no ke kumu hoʻokahi, ke alo o ka basilica o Sana Petero pili ia i ka plaza e nā lima hoʻohuli ʻelua e hāʻawi i kahi ʻano o ka pili. Hoʻohui ʻia, ua hoʻolālā kūikawā ʻia ʻo colini ʻo Bernini e hana i ke koʻi kiʻi o Basilica o St. Peter. Dome a Michelangelo

Kekahi curiosities o ka kia hoʻomanaʻo

E pili ana i kēia hana nani a Bernini, aia kekahi mau ʻike āu e hoihoi ai i ka ʻike. ʻO ka mua kēlā kaha i ka palena ma waena o Italia a me ka Moku'āina Vatican. E mahalo ʻoe iā ia i kahi laina marble e waiho ana ma ka honua a keʻa i ka square mai kēlā ʻaoʻao a i kēia ʻaoʻao.

ʻOi loa, e kiʻi i St. Peter's Square, ʻo ke ala ʻoi loa ʻo ka rectilinear Via de la Conciliazione, he hapa aha o ʻO Castel SantʻAngelo a hiki i kēlā.

Akā hāʻawi kēia wahi iā ʻoe i kekahi hoihoi hou aʻe. Ma kahi kokoke i ke kikowaena o ka square kahi pōhaku e hōʻike ana i ka Rose o ka Makani a, a puni ia, nā pōhaku ʻulaʻula. ʻO kekahi o nā hope he naʻau kona i ke kōkua, e like me ka kaao, he naʻau o ka emepela. Nero, ka mea hoʻomaʻau nui o nā Karistiano.

ʻO nā kiʻi o ko Colton colonnade

Nā kiʻi ma ke kolona o Bernini

Pehea e hiki ai i ka St. Peter's Square

ʻAʻohe ou pilikia i ke kiʻi ʻana i ka hoʻomanaʻo hoʻomanaʻo ʻoiai aia a pahi mākaʻikaʻi kū i ka huinahā. Akā, inā makemake ʻoe e hele i kāu iho, ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o kou lawe ʻana i ka ʻO Ottaviano metro.

I ka hopena, ʻO ko Bernini kolonā i ka Vatican ʻO ia kekahi o nā hana i hana nui ʻia a ka mea pena kiʻi ʻItalia i kikoʻī a me ka Baroque i ka nui. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, kona mau ʻano a me kona mau kiʻi i lawelawe i mau hiʻohiʻona no nā hana ʻē aʻe he nui o ka wā. ʻAʻole ʻoe makemake e launa me ia?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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