ʻO nā mauna Andes ma Venezuela

ʻO kekahi o nā pae mauna nani loa a ākea hoʻi i ka honua ʻo ia ka Kuahiwi Andes. Keʻa nei i kekahi mau ʻāina ma ʻAmelika Hema a holo huakaʻi i ka huina o 8500 kilomikamea nani nani ...

ʻO kekahi ʻāpana o kēia kuahiwi e hele aʻe i Venezuela, ʻo ia ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Northern Andes: kahi pae mauna maikaʻi e hele pū ana hoʻi ma Colombia a me ʻEkuador. Akā i kēia lā e nānā wale mākou i ka Nā mauna Andes o Venezuela.

Nā mauna ʻo Andes

ʻO kēia ʻo ia ka pae mauna mauna ʻoi loa o ka honua a hiki ke mahele ʻia i ʻekolu mau lālā, ka Ākau ʻĀkauka Andes centrales a me ka Andes Hema.

ʻO ka ʻākau o Andes, nā mea e kāhea mai iā mākou i kēia lā, ʻoi aku ma mua o 150 kilomita ākea a me kahi kiʻekiʻe awelika o 2500 mika. ʻO nā Andes i waenakonu ke ākea a kiʻekiʻe loa.

ʻO ka ʻĀkau Andes, i kapa ʻia ʻo ʻAkau ʻākau. Aia lākou mai ke kaumaha o Barquisimet-Carora, ma Venezuela, a i ka pā ʻo Bombón, ma Peru. ʻO nā kūlanakauhale ʻo Venezuelan e like me Mérida, Trujillo a me Barquisimeto, aia ma kēia mau mauna koʻikoʻi.

Ma o kēia mau kuahiwi e hele aku ai, loaʻa i ka ʻāina ʻo Venezuela nā ʻano pilikino aʻe. Aia nā ʻāina pālahalaha ma ka ʻilikai akā aia kekahi mau piko kiʻekiʻe, ʻo ia ke kumu he nui loa nā waihoʻoluʻu a me nā ʻano ʻāina i mea kupaianaha.

ʻEkolu mau hiʻohiʻona nui o nā mauna Andes ma Venezuela: ka ʻO Sierra de La Koulata, Sierra Nevada a me Sierra de Santo Domingo. Hiki lākou i kahi kiʻekiʻe a i 5 mau mika. ʻO kahi laʻana, aia ka piko kiʻekiʻe loa o ka ʻāina ma aneʻi, me kona 5.007 mau mika, ka Pihi ʻo Bolivar. ʻOiai mahalo ʻia kekahi poʻe ʻē aʻe e like me ka Humbold me 4-940 mau mika, ka Bompland me 4880 mau mika aiʻole ka Liona me kāna 4.743 mau mika.

Oscillates ke aniau ma waena o kahi aniau polar, kiʻekiʻe loa, a me ke aniau wela loa ma ka wāwae o nā kuahiwi. Ua ka ua, e like me ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa, mai ʻApelila a Nowemapa. Kū aʻe nā kahawai ma waena o nā kuahiwi, ʻaʻole hiki ke hoʻokele no ka mea pōkole lākou a me nā wai kahawai. E kahe ana kēia kahe i loko o ʻelua mau ipu wai hydrographic: ma kekahi lima, ʻo kekahi ma ka Caribbean, ma o Lake Maracaibo, a ma kekahi, ʻo Orinoco, ma o ka muliwai Apure

ʻO ke kumulāʻau o ia wahi ke kumu i ke aniau, a ʻo ke aniau, ua maopopo iā mākou, he nui e pili ana i ke kiʻekiʻe. Aia nā mea kanu maʻamau o nā aniau wela a maloʻo loa i nā 400 mau mika mua o ke kiʻekiʻe, a laila ʻikea Laau nui, ʻoi aku ma mua o 3 tausani mau mika ka nahele, ʻoi aku ka nui aia nō nā mea kanu Paramera a ma luna o 4 tausani mau mika i loaʻa iā mākou nā limu a me nā limu.

Pēlā ʻo Andes o Venezuela e hana nei ʻo ka māhele wale nō i ka ʻāina me kēia pae o nā mea kanu. Ma kahi o nā kumulāʻau nui, ma waena o 500 a me 2 mika, ʻano like ka ʻāina me kahi ululāʻau no laila aia he kedera, laurel, bucares, mahogany ... nani ia, no ka mea Hōʻike ʻia kēia ʻano mea kanu i ka holoholona.

I ka Venezuelan Andean holoholona he mau bea, ka condor kaulana o ka Andes (ʻOiai ʻaʻole ia e noho ma aneʻi, e hele mau ana i loko), ka mahiole uhi poʻo pōhaku, nā ʻāpala, nā dia, nā lūlū, nā ʻīlio hihiu, nā ʻaeto ʻeleʻele, nā kao, nā pueo, nā ale, nā ʻelele aliʻi, nā mea ʻāpua, nā pālule, nā iguanas, nahesa, nā moʻo a me nā dorados a me nā guabinas, i waena o nā ʻano iʻa.

Hana ka hoʻolōʻihi a Andes o Venezuela Ke kamaʻilio nei lākou i geopolitically i kēlā me kēia mokuʻāina o ka ʻāinas: Barinas, Apure, Portuguesa, Táchira, Mérida a me Trujillo. A e like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma luna, nui nā kūlanakauhale nui e like me Mérida, Trujillo, Boconó, San Cristóbal ...

La hoʻokele waiwai o ka wahi hoʻohana e noonoo i ka ulu kope a me ka mahiʻai, akā ma hope o ka loaʻa o ka ka paila ua loli nā mea. ʻAʻole ia no ka pau ʻana o nā mea kanu i hana ʻia, ʻo ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, mai ʻaneʻi e hiki mai ana ka hana ʻana i ka ʻuala, nā legume, nā lāʻau hua, nā mea kanu, maiʻa a me nā hale ʻai, nā puaʻa, nā moa a me nā bipi no ka mākeke kūloko, akā i kēia lā he mana nui ka ʻaila.

ʻO ka mākaʻikaʻi ma Andes o Venezuela

ʻOiai no kahi manawa lōʻihi kēia wahi o Venezuela mai kahi mākaʻikaʻi, pili mau mākou i ka ʻāina i ka Caribbean, no kekahi manawa i kēia manawa, ua wehe ʻia i kēia hana. ʻO nā hoʻomaikaʻi ʻana i ka hana kūkā kamaʻilio (hoʻomaikaʻi i ke kūkulu alanui i nā makahiki i hala aku nei) ka ʻenekini.

ʻOiai ʻo ka hoʻokaʻawale kahi i hoʻokau ʻia ai ka poʻe i kapa ʻia he poʻe o ka hema ua kāpae iā lākou mai ke kālā i waiho ʻia e ka poʻe mākaʻikaʻi, ma kekahi ʻano e kōkua iā lākou e waiwai nui no kēia mākeke i kēia lā. A ʻo ia nō ua mālama ka kaʻawale ʻana iā lākou i ko lākou mau ʻōiwi āpau a me nā ʻano kolone.

Kākoʻo ka poʻe e noho ana ma kēia ʻāpana o ka ʻāina i mākaʻikaʻi māmā, hopena haʻahaʻa, mālama ia i ko lākou ala o ke ola a me ke kaiapuni. ʻO kahi mākaʻikaʻi i ka lima o ka poʻe ponoʻī a i ʻole kahi mākaʻikaʻi i hiki iā mākou ke kāhea i ke kaiāulu.

Hiki iā mākou ke kamaʻilio e pili ana i kekahi Kuhi ʻia nā wahi i manaʻo ʻia ma Andes o Venezuela. ʻO kahi laʻana, ke kūlanakauhale o Merida. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ia i ka makahiki 1558 a he nani kona pale umauma kolone, ʻoiai e hoʻopuni ʻia ana e nā kuahiwi kupaianaha. Hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻike i ka Hale Aliʻi ʻo ʻAkopihopa, ke keʻena nui o ka Universidad de los Andes, ka Hale Pule Nui a i ʻole ka Hale Aupuni.

He nani nā alanui o Merida, kahi ʻuhane haumāna, a mākeke kūlanakauhale ʻekolu mau papa hana nui a makemake nui ʻia, kahi lumi hau kalima me 600 a ʻoi paha nā ʻono o ka hau kalima, ka Hale ʻai kalima ʻo Coromoto, me kona wahi ponoʻī i loko o ka ʻO ka puke Guinness o nā moʻolelo a me nā pāka a me nā pā nui. ʻO kekahi o nā māla kaulana loa ʻo Los Chorros de Milla, me nā loko, nā wailele a me kahi zoo.

Aia no kekahi ka Kaʻa uea ʻo Mérida e lawe iā ʻoe i ka Pico Espejo ma 4765 mau mika, ma lalo iki o ka European Mont Blanc. ʻO Los Aleros Folk Park, ka Māla Botanical me kāna hele ʻakaʻaka ma luna o nā kumulāʻau ... A inā makemake ʻoe i nā kuahiwi āu huakaʻi i ka Sierra Nevada me ko lākou mau piko hanohano.

ʻO kekahi kūlanakauhale kaulana ʻO San Cristóbal, kapikala o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Táchira, ma lalo o 1000 mau mika o ke kiʻekiʻe a no laila me kahi luna maikaʻi loa. Aia ia mai 1561 a kokoke i ka palena me Colombia no laila ʻoi aku ke kālepa. Eia kekahi, he nui nā hale pule kolone e kipa aku.

Trujillo ʻO ia ke kapikala o ka mokuʻāina ʻo Andean Venezuelan liʻiliʻi loa. He koloneiali a nani ia e like me ka mokuʻāina holoʻokoʻa. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ia ma 1557 a aia i kahi kiʻekiʻe o 958 mau mika. ʻIke ʻia ia no ke kiʻi nui o ka Puʻupaʻa o ka Maluhia, me ke kiʻekiʻe o 46 mika ke kiʻekiʻe a me 1200 tone o ke kaupaona. He mau manaʻo maikaʻi a he pono ke kiʻi mai aneʻi. He nani ke kūlanakauhale kahiko, me kahi baroque nani a me ka hale pule aloha.

ʻO nā wahi maikaʻi ʻē aʻe ʻo Jajó, Táriba, Peribeca, Capacho ... aia kēia mau wahi āpau i kā lākou mea hoʻonani a me kā lākou gastronomic a me nā ʻāpana hōkele.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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