Nā kuʻuna Lūkini: Baba Yaga

ʻO ʻAukake 22 ka lā Folklore International a ʻo ia ʻōlelo o ka moʻomeheu e hoʻohui i nā poʻe a komo pū me nā ʻōlelo hoʻomākeʻaka, nā ʻōlelo hoʻohina, nā hulahula, nā moʻolelo, nā kaʻao, nā mele ... Eia a ma laila ka moʻolelo, a ma ka hihia o Rūsia kekahi o nā huapalapala lāhuis mea makemake nui ʻia ʻo ia o Ka Makua.

Keʻa maoli nei ia i nā palena no ka moʻomeheu Slavic, akā ua lele i loko o nā moʻolelo non-Slavic, ka honua o nā mea hoʻomākeʻaka, nā makasina a me nā kinima. I kēia lā a laila, ma Absolut Viajes i kahi mau moʻolelo Lūkini mai ka lima o ka Baba Yaga kahiko.

Yaga berry

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua he ʻano mai Slavic folklore a he mea kahiko loa ia. Pili ia a mea kupua i ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano a luahine a i ʻole ʻekolu o nā kaikuahine kaʻana like lākou i ka inoa like. Noho ʻo ia ma kahi hale a hale paha i ʻōlelo ʻia e kākoʻo ʻia i nā iwi moa.

He kānalua. E like me nā moʻolelo i hōʻike ʻia e like me mea ʻai keiki, aia kekahi mau mea ʻē aʻe kahi a luahine makuahine kōkua kēlā i ka poʻe e ʻike i ia mea a i ʻole nānā iā ia. Eia hou, pili ʻo ia me ka ola hihiu a me nā mea āpau o Baya Yaga kekahi o nā kiʻi i poina ʻole ʻia o nā moʻolelo moʻomeheu a pau o ka Hikina ʻEulopa.

ʻOiai he kanaka e hele i ka palena i loko o ka Slavic honua, he ʻano ʻokoʻa kona inoa. I ka olelo makua pili iā Old Russian a me nā ʻano pale wahine, kilokilo, kilokilo kilokilo. I kēia lā, i ka Lūkini hou, ka huaʻōlelo kāpena, kupunawahine, loaʻa mai iā ia, no ka laʻana, a i ʻole ka polish Babcia, pū kekahi. ʻO kēlā ma kekahi lima, akā ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe kekahi kekahi ʻaʻole maikaʻi nā manaʻo a hoʻohana paha o ka huaʻōlelo.

No laila, mai kēia ʻano kānalua ʻole o ka huaʻōlelo baba e puka mai ai nā moʻolelo ʻokoʻa e pili ana i ke ʻano folkloric. ʻO ia i ka manawa like he luahine makuahine a he hiki i ka ʻino.

A he aha ka manaʻo ʻO Yaga, ka ʻāpana ʻelua o ka inoa? He paʻakikī loa ke kamaʻilio ʻana ma ke ʻano ʻōtomologically e ʻike i kahi kumu, akā ma nā ʻōlelo Slavic he ʻano like kona aʻa me he mea lā. huhū, makaʻu, weliweli, huhū, maʻi, ʻeha...

Nā moʻolelo a Baba Yaga

Me kēia wehewehe e pili ana i ka inoa a me ke ʻano pohihihi, he aha nā moʻolelo e pili ana iā Baba Yaga? ʻĀ, nui nā moʻolelo e pili ana i kēia wahine kilokilo kaulana a ʻike mākou iā lākou ma nā wahi āpau. ʻO Ukraine, Lūkia a me Belarus loko loa paha.

He luahine, e pāpale ana i ka pāpale i hana ʻia mai nā iwi moa, me a pēpū, ma kahi kokoke i kahi puna. Hana ʻia kona hale i nā iwi a hele ʻo ia i nā wahi āpau, hiki ke huli me ka makani. He mea mahalo ia no ka mea hoʻonani ʻia me nā iwi poʻo a ma loko e nui nā ihoiho o nā nui like ʻole, hoʻā ʻia a ʻālohilohi ʻole. Ma loko, aia kekahi waina a me kaʻiʻo a nā kauā spectral nāna e lawelawe iā ia.

Hōʻike nā moʻolelo he nui iā ia ma ke ʻano he hoʻohaʻahaʻa i ka luahine me nā niho ʻoiʻoi a me ka ʻili ʻeleʻele a me ka ʻeleʻele. ʻO ka mea nui i kēlā mau moʻolelo e ʻai ai ka poʻe i loaʻa iā ia. Akā, i loko o nā moʻolelo ʻē aʻe, kēlā mau mea maikaʻi ʻo ia, ʻo ka wehewehe ma kahi o kahi luahine maʻamau.

E heluhelu ʻoe i nā ʻano moʻolelo like ʻole: kēlā ʻai i nā keiki, ʻai i ka ʻuhane, hoʻoholo i ka lā o ka make o ka poʻe, he aha ka capricious, ka mea noi i nā mōhai keiki i panai no ka waiwai, ʻo kona hale ke alahaka ma waena o ka honua o ka poʻe ola a me ka honua o ka poʻe make.

No laila, kaukaʻi ʻia i ka moʻolelo āu e heluhelu ai, e ʻike ʻoe i kekahi a i ʻole mana ʻē aʻe o Baba Yaga, a ʻo ka mea ʻaʻole ia he luahine akā ʻekolu mau kaikuaʻana. Aia ʻelua mau moʻolelo i makemake nui ʻiaʻIke wau i ke koena.

I kēia manaʻo, ʻo ke kolu o nā kaikuahine, ka moʻolelo o ʻO Lady Tsar, i hōʻiliʻili ʻia i ke kenekulia XNUMX e Alexander Afanasyev. ʻO ʻIlani ka mea hoʻokūkū, ke keiki nani a kahi mea kālepa, i hālāwai me nā Baba Yagas ʻekolu.

Holo mua ʻo ia i loko o ke keʻena a me ke kaikuahine mua, kamaʻilio lāua a hoʻouna ʻo ia iā ia e kamaʻilio me kona kaikuahine ʻē aʻe, i loko o kahi lumi e like me ka mea mua. Hōʻike hou ʻo ia i nā huaʻōlelo o ka mea ma mua, pane ʻo ia i nā nīnau like, akā ʻaʻole ʻo ia i hoʻouna iā ia e ʻike i ke kaikuahine a me ke kaikuahine hope loa no ka mea ua haʻi ʻo ia iā ia inā huhū ʻo ia iā ia, ʻai ʻo ia iā ia.

Akā ua ao aku ʻo ia iā ʻoe, inā ua laki ʻole ʻoe e ʻike iā ia, e akahele, e lawe i nā pepeiaohao a noi no ka ʻae e puhi iā lākou. ʻĀ, ua loaʻa iā ia kēlā hālāwai a ke puhi ʻo ia i nā kiwi o nā manu he nui a mālama kekahi o lākou iā ia ma ka lawe ʻana iā ia.

ʻO ka moʻolelo kaulana ʻē aʻe o ʻO Vasilisa ka Nani. Noho kēia kaikamahine me kona makuahine makuahine a me kāna mau kaikuahine ʻelua (Cinderella, paha?). ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo makemake lākou e pepehi iā ia a kipi e hana pēlā. Hoʻāʻo lākou i nā manawa he nui a i ka hopena hoʻouna pololei lākou iā ia i ka hale o Baba Yaga no ka mea ʻike lākou e ʻai ana ʻo ia iā ia.

Akā ʻaʻole hiki kēlā, lawe ʻo ia iā ia ma ke ʻano he kahu hale e hana ana iā ia i nā mea paʻakikī, akā hana maikaʻi ke kaikamahine i nā mea āpau a laila e hoʻi ʻo ia i ka home. Hoʻi ʻo ia me ka ipukukui o kahi luahine, kahi ipukukui, e mālamalama a hoʻopuni i kona ʻohana ʻino, e puhi ola ana iā ia. A e ka ʻohana maikaʻi ʻole a hoʻokipa maikaʻi i ka honua hauʻoli no ka mea i ka hopena ua mare ʻo Vasilisa nani i ka tsar.

ʻO kēia mau moʻolelo ʻelua he mau laʻana no ka ʻano pohihihi o ke ʻano folkloric o Baba Yaga: maikaʻi ʻo ia a hewa ʻo ia, hoʻomāinoino ʻo ia a akahai a maikaʻi ʻole ʻo ia. ʻO kēia ʻano kānalua, no nā loea folklore, pili i ke ʻano a me ka wahine a ʻo ia ka mea e kū hoʻokahi ai kēia kiʻi i loko o nā moʻolelo.

No ke aha mai? ʻĀ, no ka mea, ma ka hapanui o nā kamaʻāina ʻEulopa kūpaʻa loa nā huapalapala a ʻike ʻoe i ka mea e kali ai iā lākou, a i ʻole ke kōkua a keʻakeʻa paha, nā hana a ka lawehala a i ʻole nā ​​mea hāʻawi. A ʻo Baba Yaga kekahi mea akā wānana ʻia.

ʻO Baba Yaga i ka moʻomeheu kaulana

ʻOiai he ʻano mau ia ʻano honua slavicNo kekahi manawa i kēia manawa, ua hele i nā palena. E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai, ua ʻike ʻia i ka honua o nā hoʻomākeʻaka, kīwī a me nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni. I ka hihia o nā kīwī kīwī, inā ʻoe i ʻike ʻO ka OA, na NetflixE ʻike ʻoe e ʻike mau ʻia ʻo Baba Yaga i nā hihiʻo.

Puka pū kekahi ma E Nihi Ka Ball, ka Accountant o Fortune Baba Yaga, kahi ʻano hou i Hellboy, i loko o ka puke e Orson Scott Card (ka mea kākau o Ender's Game), Hoʻokalakupua, i ka moʻo o ʻO Scooby Doo!, i ka pāʻani wikiō Kū i luna o ka Rairder Tomb a ma ka Castlevania: Ka Haku o nā Kōuli a ma ka moʻo hoʻi o John poʻe hewa,, e inoa wale i kekahi o kāna mau helehelena.

A inā ʻaʻole lawa kēia mau hiʻohiʻona āpau, ua ʻike ʻia ʻo ia i ka pūnaewele puni wahine, The Hairpin, e lele i hope a puke ma ka ʻōlelo aʻoaʻo mai ka manaʻo o Baba, "E nīnau iā Baba Yaga."


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1.   Lilian hernandez ia

    ʻIke mau wau e ʻike e pili ana i nā kuʻuna Lūkini. I koʻu wā liʻiliʻi ua loaʻa iaʻu kahi puke moʻolelo Lūkia a aia kekahi mau huaʻōlelo pohihihi e like me "Baba Yaga".
    Mahalo i kēia manawa ua loaʻa iaʻu kahi wehewehe maikaʻi.

    Mahalo