Cov lus Cuban yooj yim

Paub cov lus Cuban yooj yim yuav pab koj nkag siab zoo dua lawv hais dab tsi rau koj thaum lub sijhawm mus ncig ua si hauv Antillean kobCov. Vim hais tias, txawm hais tias cov lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv ntawm lub teb chaws yog Mev, muaj ob peb yam kev cuam tshuam uas tau muab nws ntau yam hais lus peculiarities.

Qhov tseeb, Cov lus Spanish hais hauv teb chaws Cuba yog qhov tshwm sim los ntawm kev coj los ntawm cov neeg ua xaum. Tab sis nws twb tseem tau puab los ntawm cov lus ntawm taino, cov lus hais los ntawm cov neeg ib txwm nyob tom tiaj; los ntawm cov lus coj los ntawm africans leej twg tuaj rau thaj chaw li cov qhev thiab, thaum kawg, ntawm kev cuam tshuam tom ntej Asmeskas ib zaug lawv tau ua ywj siab los ntawm Spain. Yog li no, Yog tias koj xav paub zoo dua Cuban cov lus yooj yim lossis cubanisms, peb thov caw koj nyeem ntxiv.

Kev tsim cov txheej txheem ntawm cov lus Cuban yooj yim

Ib yam li txhua hom lus thiab Cuban zoo tuaj yeem raug suav hais tias yog ib tus neeg Spanish, cov lus tseem ceeb ib txwm tau khaws hauv ntau phau ntawv txhais lus. Thawj qhov ntawm lawv, sau los ntawm Andalusian emigrant, yog tus 'Cuban Alphabetical Index thiab Cov Lus Txhais', luam tawm hauv 1859.

Txawm li cas los xij, phau ntawv hais txog hauv qhov no yog 'Qhov nrov ntawm Cuban hais lus hnub no', sau los ntawm tus neeg sau ntawv siv nyiaj costumbrista Argelio Santiesteban: koj puas xav tau ntau tus thwjtim?, uas nws thawj zaug sau hnub tim 1982 thiab uas tau rov ua dua tom qab.

Cov ntsiab lus feem ntau ntawm cov lus Cuban yooj yim

Cov lus Cuban yooj yim suav nrog cov lus uas cuam tshuam txhua qho ntawm lub neej, los ntawm kev sib raug zoo rau tsev neeg los ntawm kev ua haujlwm, kev ua kis las lossis tseem muaj kev sib deev. Peb yuav pom qee qhov kev xav paub txog ntawm cov lus ntawd.

Lub tsev ntawm La Trova

Casa tsib la Trova hauv Santiago de Cuba

Kev sib raug zoo

Raws li koj tau hnov ​​ntau zaus, cov neeg Cuban tau raug hu «Niam» y "txiv" sai li sai tau lawv ib leeg ntseeg ib leeg. Ntawm qhov tod tes, a "Asere" yog tus phooj ywg lossis tus khub, rau lo lus no kuj siv "Ambia"Cov. Thiab, yog tias koj nrog ib tus, koj yuav tsum muaj "Hlawv ntaus pob tesniv" vim nws kuj nce mentsis "Durañón"Cov. Kuv txhais tau tias, tawm hauv kev tsuag tsuag vim tias nws muaj ntsis tsw.

Nws kuj muaj peev xwm tias, thaum koj tau nrog cov phooj ywg, koj tau haus luam yeeb a "mos txwv" los yog koj coj ib tug "daim ntawv"Cov. Hauv lwm lo lus, koj tau haus luam yeeb lossis muaj me ntsis haus ntau dhau. Tej zaum tom kawg yog vim qhov tseeb koj tau coj "Tus saib xyuas" (npias) hauv kev dhau.

Tsis tas li ntawm txoj kev, koj tuaj yeem nrhiav a "Kuv hlawv", uas txhais tau tias vwm, lossis nrog a "Sanaco", yog yuav hais, ib qhov ruam. Tab sis koj tseem tuaj yeem muaj ib tus neeg lis haujlwm uas yog "Jerk" (tub nkeeg) los yog tau txiav txim siab tsis zoo thiab tau ua tiav hauv "tank", uas yog nkuaj.

Ntawm qhov tod tes, a Singao yog tus neeg phem uas yeej tsis "Yuav pov cov hlua", uas yog, nws yuav tsis pab koj. Hloov chaw, a "Ocambo" nws laus laus lawm; a "Kab civliv" tus poj niam uas tsis tshua muaj tsawg nyiam nrog tus uas koj yuav tsis xav tau "khi" (tsis xav kom yeej xwb nws); ib qho uas muaj "Aguaje" nws yog pimp thiab a "Cod" tus neeg yuag heev.

Kev sib deev hauv hom lus Cuban yooj yim

Ib ntawm cov ntev dua semantic teb nyob rau hauv hom lus twg nws yog tus xa mus rau cov ntsiab lus kev sib deev. Thiab cov lus siv Cuban yooj yim tsis yog qhov zam. Piv txwv li, "Yuav kom yoo mov noj" txhais tau meej kev sib deev, «Txo daim cartridge» yog rau ejaculate thiab "Seev nrog tsib Latinos" hais txog kev zoo siab.

Tus txiv neej ua luam yeeb

Ua rau cov luam yeeb loj hauv Santiago

Rau lwm cov tes, "Kos cov xim" txhais tau tias kom tsis muaj kev ntseeg, lub «Bayú» Nws yog lub tsev tuam choj thiab a «Jinetera» niam ntiav. Tus "bun" los yog "papaya" muaj kev ntseeg ntawm tus poj niam lub cev hloov khoom nruab nrog, thaum lub "Pinga", la "Yucca" los yog "yam" lawv yog tus txiv neej qau. Raws li koj tuaj yeem xav, muaj ntau lwm cov lus los tsim lawv. Piv txwv li, "Chocha", "Cod", "Pussy" o "Tag Nrho" rau thawj zaug thiab "rowing", "Cov nplaim taws", "daim", "Bláncamo" o "Morronga" rau ob. Qhov zoo siab, txhua hom lus hauv ntiaj teb no muaj pseudonyms tsis paub kawg rau lawv.

Cov xim ntawm daim tawv nqaij

Keeb kwm ntawm Teb chaws Cuba tau ua rau nws cov neeg tam sim no muaj ntau haiv neeg ntawm ntau haiv neeg. Thiab txawm tias, nyob rau hauv cov no, ntau yam tshwm sim uas hais tias cov kob cov lus tau tsim lub luag haujlwm paub qhov txawv nrog precision.

Yog li, a "Nruj" lossis a "Xim av" Nws yog tus txiv neej dub, tab sis a "Mulatón" Nws yog kev sib xyaw nrog dub thiab mulatto. Ib yam li ntawd, a "Jabao" Nws yog mestizo nrog lub teeb pom kev tawv nqaij, qhov muag thiab plaub hau, txawm hais tias, yog tias nws daj, nws yuav raug hu «Capirro», thiab a «Narrates» Nws yog tus neeg Asian lossis neeg dig-muag.

Cov nyiaj

Lwm ntawm cov ntau tshaj plaws hais hom lus semantic hauv cov lus Cuban pib nws yog cov lus uas hais txog nyiaj. Piv txwv li, "Guansa" Nws yog qhov siv nyob rau hauv kev lag luam dub muag hauv kev yuav thiab muag khoom; "Juaniquiqui" hais txog qhov Cuban peso; "Moni" derives los ntawm nyiaj Askiv thiab "dib pag" qhia txog peev txawm tias nws tseem siv "Stilla".

Ntawm qhov tod tes, a "niam" Nws yog tsib daim nqi peso. Txawm li cas los xij los tham txog nyiaj uas lawv hais "ntsuab" thiab feem ntau muab rau lawv a "Yuma", ib lo lus txhais tias Miskas.

Qee cov neeg Cuban suab paj nruag

Cov kws ntaus nkauj Cuban

Kev hais lub suab tsis meej

Koj kuj yuav tsum paub tias cov neeg Cuban muaj qee yam tshwj xeeb hauv lawv cov lus tshaj tawm. Cov no yuav tsis ua rau koj tsis to taub lawv, tab sis lawv yuav txhom koj cov xim thiab paub lawv yuav pab koj kom zoo sib xyaw.

Ntawm tag nrho cov peculiarities, ob sawv tawm thiab ob qho tib si yuav tsum ua nrog tus rCov. Thawj yog hloov qhov no thaum nws zoo nkaus li kawg ntawm lCov. Piv txwv, koj yuav hnov ​​tias lawv tau hais "Amol" hloov kev hlub. Thiab ob yog hu gemination ntawm rCov. Nws muaj nyob rau hauv uas qhov no yog assimilated rau tus tsiaj ntawv uas ua raws nws. Piv txwv, hloov chaw ntawm lub qhov rooj, lawv hais "Puetta".

Lwm cov qauv dav dav yog lwv s thaum nws mus tom qab ntawv niamCov. Yog li, hloov koj hais tias, lawv hais "Hais nws"Cov. Thiab, ntawm chav kawm, hauv Cuba nws yog qhov ntau lub seseo, uas yog, hais tau s ntawm s hloov coz ua ntej e, i.

Hauv kev xaus, qhov yooj yim Cuban lus, qhov ntawd Cov Antilleans tau muab lus Mev, yog ib qho ntawm txhua tus neeg nplua nuj Latin AmericaCov. Yog tias koj xav mus ncig xyuas lub tebchaws, nws yuav zoo heev rau koj kom paub tsawg kawg ntawm ib feem ntawm cov lus, txwv tsis pub koj yuav xav tias lawv hais lus rau koj rau lwm hom lus thiab koj tuaj yeem zoo li Guanajo (ruam) rau leej twg Lawv "ua tawv" (kev thuam).


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Tus hais tawm, tawm ntawm koj li

Tso koj saib

Koj email chaw nyob yuav tsis tsum luam tawm.

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  1.   Julio Aguila Castro said

    Nws zoo li tseem ceeb rau kuv tias Cov neeg Cuban nce Cubanism rau ntawm nplooj ntawv no, ntau tus neeg ncig teb chaw tau tawm los nrog lawv lub qhov ncauj qhib thiab peb tsis paub tias lawv qhia peb li cas thiab teb li cas. Babahoyo, Kaum Ob Hlis 2, 2015