Suav duab puab, cov khoom siv thiab kev tsim khoom lag luam

Suav duab puab hauv tsev cia puav pheej

Peb txhua tus tau hnov ​​txog cov kab lis kev cai Suav thaum ub, thiab nws yuav tsis pom qab txog hauv ib nqe lus mus txog ntau txhiab xyoo, tseem muaj Kuv xav qhia rau koj txog cov duab puab Suav, nws kev lig kev cai thiab nws qhov tseem ceeb hauv Esxias txuj ci, Thiab hauv lub ntiaj teb.

Los ntawm keeb kwm ntawm keeb kwm ntawm Tuam Tshoj, thiab ntawm txhua qhov kev vam meej, cov khoom hauv tooj dag, jade thiab pob txha tau tsim, uas yog ib feem ntawm shamanistic rituals. Hauv cov ntawv no ntawm tooj dag thiab jade nws yog thawj zaug ib qho ntawm cov qauv tseem ceeb ntawm Suav kev ua yeeb yam: nws cov lus sib txuas ntawm cov txuj ci tsim lub tswv yim zoo thiab lub luag haujlwm ntawm lub zej zog thiab cov xwm txheej uas lawv tau los ntawm lawv lub tswvyim.  

Cov yam ntxwv ntawm lub duab puab

Duab puab suav lus

Ib qho ntawm qhov sib txawv ntawm Suav thiab daim duab puab sab hnub poob yog suav cov neeg thav duab Suav them sai sai rau toj roob hauv pes, uas tam sim no. Hauv tib neeg lub cev nws tau ua tib zoo saib sab hauv ntawm cov lus silhouette, tus qauv qhia yog qhov ua kom huv, thiab lub qhov muag, los ntawm sab hauv sab hauv sab ntsuj plig, muaj kev txaus siab tshwj xeeb. Lwm qhov ntawm nws cov yam ntxwv yog kev hais txog khaub ncaws hnav ntawm cov cim.

Yog tias muaj ib yam dab tsi cuam tshuam rau cov duab puab Suav, nws yog qhov kev paub zoo ntawm cov ntaub ntawv uas nws ua, dua li cov neeg ua yeeb yam lawv suav tias yog tus kws kos duab, vim li no lawv tsis hais nyob rau hauv feem ntau ntawm cov phau ntawv thiab cov ntaub ntawv keeb kwm uas hais txog Suav kos duab. Nws yog daim duab tsis qhia npe, kev tsim cov haujlwm kev ua haujlwm.

Cov kaus ntxhw, ntoo thiab xyoob ntoo

Suav carvings ua hauv Ivory

Ivory carving yog ib qho ntawm cov txuj ci qub tshaj plaws, kuaj tau pom hauv qhov ntxa yos rov qab mus rau lub caij nyoog muaj koob muaj npe Kwv (XNUMXth-XNUMX pua xyoo ac). Cov ntawv no muaj qhov tshwj xeeb ntawm kev tsim thiab ua tiav uas lawv hais txog txoj kev txhim kho yav dhau los uas tuaj yeem coj peb mus rau lub sijhawm prehistoric. Nyob rau lub sijhawm Tang (618-907 AD) thiab nyob rau hauv Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD) lub carving ntawm tusks thiab tshuab raj tau dhau los ua cov txuj ci thiab cov ntsiab lus zoo nkauj. Nws yog nyob rau hauv lub xyoo pua 1644th, Qing dynasty (1911-XNUMX AD), tias Western kev lag luam tau maj mam nkag rau Suav teb.

Ntoo carving muaj keeb kwm ntev nyob hauv Suav tebCov. Nws qhov kev mob siab ua raws mythology thiab nrov ntseeg txog hmoov zoo, kev vam meej, sib luag, thiav ...

Ntau tshaj 2000 xyoo dhau los, Suav twb txua ntoo hauv xyoobTab sis nws yog los ntawm Ming dynasty (1368-1644 AD) tias cov khoom ntoo ntawm cov khoom no tau dhau los ua kev lag luam kev lag luam thiab ntau dua thiab ntau cov neeg ua yeeb yam tau mob siab rau nws. Nws yog qhov xav paub, vim hais tias nyob hauv daim duab no cov tsev kawm ntawv tseem ceeb thiab cov carvers raug lees paub

Cov ntsiab lus ntawm Suav duab puab

Suav duab puab pob zeb ua los ntawm pob zeb

Feem ntau ntawm Suav cov duab puab feem cuam tshuam nrog kev ntseeg thiab tus phab ej, ob leeg tiag tiag thiab cuav. Los ntawm cov duab puab pob zeb thiab ntoo architecture, zej zog manifested nws tus kheej raws li lub zej zog hierarchical heev.

Duab puab pob zeb pib ua majestic thiab tus neeg sawv cev dai kom zoo ntawm cov kab ke pam tuag ntawm cov imperial tombs nyob rau hauv lub Han dynasty, Tang thiab tshwj xeeb tshaj yog lub Ming tombsCov. Hauv lawv peb pom cov tsiaj loj tiag thiab keeb kwm hais txog tsiaj, thiab cov sawv cev ntawm cov ntawv sau, tub rog, kev kawm tawm txawv teb chaws, thiab lwm yam.

Cov mlom tau zoo sib txuas nrog kev sib kis ntawm Hauj samCov. Lub Yungang, Longmen thiab Dunhuang Grottoes nthuav qhia cov pob zeb, av ci thiab stucco ua haujlwm uas zoo li tus pantheon tus tswvcuab. Hauv cov ntawv no, tus tuaj txawv teb chaws tuaj thiab nws txoj kev hloov pauv lossis hloov kho rau hauv Suav cov saj thiab kev ua kom zoo nkauj tuaj yeem muaj txiaj ntsig, uas yog ib qho kev txhawb loj tshaj plaws ntawm kev sib pauv tsim tawm ntawm Txoj Kev Silk Road. Thoob plaws hauv lub tebchaws koj tuaj yeem pom ntau daim duab sculptures Buddha, uas muaj kev cuam tshuam los ntawm Tibet thiab Is Nrias teb, lawv yog cov Haujsam nrog cov yam ntxwv zoo, cov nyob deb thiab txawv. Txij ntawm XNUMX thiab XNUMX xyoo pua, cov duab puab ntawm Haujsam tau pib tshwm nrog qhov kev hais tawm ntau dua, muaj kev xyiv fab thiab kev muaj tiag, nrog ntau cov kab nkhaus thiab cov duab muag muag.

Plooj (veneers)

Suav tacha ua hauv kaus ntxhw

Kuv xav tham txog cov plooj (veneers), uas yog ib feem ntawm Suav duab puab, vim tias lub tswv yim ntawd uas kuv tau hais rau koj thaum pib txog kev tswj hwm uas "tus kws txawj txua txiag ntoo" muaj ntau dua li cov ntaub ntawv. Porcelain yog cov khoom siv ceramic ua cov khoom siv los yog kev lag luam, kev lig kev cai dawb, compact, tsis yooj yim, nyuaj, txhais lus, dej tsis qab, resonant, tsis tshua muaj elasticity thiab zoo heev rau cov tshuaj tua thiab thermal poob siab, qhov no tsawg kawg yog cov lus txhais tau zoo tshaj plaws.

Nws muaj nyob rau hauv Suav teb, hauv lub npe tso tz, tej zaum nyob rau lub sijhawm ntawm Han dynasty (206 BC txog 220 AD) txawm hais tias thawj cov ntawv sau xa mus rau hnub ntawm lub sijhawm ntawm lub dynasty Tang (618 AD txog rau 907 AD). thiab nws yog tus neeg ncig tebchaws Marco Polo uas tau qhia nws mus rau Tebchaws Europe, qhov twg rau ntau pua xyoo lawv tau sim theej nws.

Cov tub rog Terracotta ntawm Xi'an

Cov tub rog Terracotta

Tsis muaj qhov tsis ntseeg, thaum xav txog Suav duab puab, cov tub rog Xian tuaj txog hauv siab. Cov tub rog no yog cov pab pawg ntau dua 8000 tus naj npawb ntawm cov tub rog hauv av thiab cov nees, uas yog ib feem ntawm cov tub rog xilethi-aus ntawm mausoleum qis Shi Huang, xyoo 210-209 ac, Tuam Tshoj thawj tus kheej tshaj tawm tus huab tais.

Cov naj npawb Lawv yog lub neej-loj: lawv ntsuas 1,80 metres siab thiab tau nruab nrog cov ris tsho ua rog kuj ua nrog terracotta thiab thaum lub sijhawm lawv muaj riam phom tiagCov. Lawv qhov tsis sib xws yog tias lawv txhua tus nyias muaj nyias tus yam ntxwv thiab yam ntxwv. Tseem muaj pojniam thiab. Cov duab yog hnub ci thiab xim zoo nkauj, tab sis tom qab 5 teev ntawm huab cua raug cov xim pleev xim ploj vim oxidation. Niaj hnub no lawv tseem tab tom nrhiav tus txheej txheem uas tso cai rau kom tswj tau cov xim no, tab sis nws paub tias nws tsis tau tiav.


Cov ntsiab lus ntawm tsab xov xwm ua raws li peb cov ntsiab cai ntawm kev tswj hwm kev ncaj nceesCov. Tshaj tawm ib qho yuam kev nyem no.

Tus hais tawm, tawm ntawm koj li

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  1.   Andrea said

    SUPER NROG KUV TXOJ HAUJ LWM RAU TOM QAB UA TXHUA YAM RAU YUS HAIS TIAS
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